Nebuchadnezzar’s Image – Days of the Toes – מגיע המשיח

Daniel 2 describes Israel under foreign rule from the time of Babylon. It is portrayed as DAN image traditional croppedthe  image of a man in a vision given to Nebuchadnezzar.  It is further explained by a vision of Beasts in chapter 7 which also commenced with Babylon. Then it is expanded with the 7 Kings (even an 8th) and 10  ‘horn’ Kingdoms of Revelation 17.

All the visions end with the return of Jesus. Just as the ‘Head of Gold’ equates to the Babylonian lion ‘Beast’, so the toes of the image equate to the 10 Kingdoms or horns of the ‘End of Days’ Beast –

In the time of those kings, the God of heaven will set up a kingdom that will never be destroyed, nor will it be left to another people. It will crush all those kingdoms and bring them to an end, but it will itself endure forever.” Daniel 2:44

The ten horns you saw are ten kings who have not yet received a kingdom, but who for one hour will receive authority as kings along with the beast. They have one purpose and will give their power and authority to the beast. They will wage war against the Lamb, but the Lamb will triumph over them because he is Lord of lords and King of kings”. Rev. 17:12-13

The image covers the period from Nebuchadnezzar until the return of Christ. The legs are out of all proportion until you realise the prophesy applies to Israel, the Promised Land and their connection to the land.

 When Israel are scattered from the land & excluded from Jerusalem (by Hadrian) there are gaps in the image, also when they self-rule (Hasmoneans). The further ‘trampling underfoot’ during the days of the 10 toes IS STILL FUTURE. At present the Jews are back in their land but not yet under foreign rule (time of final punishment Ezek 35:5).

The number of the Beast is associated with those who are caught up in – or who worship – the Kingdoms of Men. Those who worshiped Nebuchadnezzar’s golden image bowed down to an idol which measured 60 x 6 – They were told to ‘worship the image or be killed’

In similar language we are told in Revelation 13 that the beast demands  worship of  it’s image which is 600, 60, 6, or be killed –

“The image could speak and cause all who refused to worship the image to be killed.” Rev 13:14

Israel spent 666 years under foreign rule until the time they were scattered. Because they ‘worshipped the nations’ – or took on their ways – God gave let them be by ruled by them.

We are in the days of the 10 Kings who give  authority to the Beast (probably Iran איראן נבואה) to wage war against Israel. The Kingdom of Heaven is at Hand – Jesus will soon return.

For a fuller explanation of the Beast, see 666 – Counting the Number of the Beast

For a fuller explanation of Daniel and Revelation, see  ‘Revelation the Time is at Hand’

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BOOK OF ENOCH – IS IT ‘SCRIPTURE’?

BACKGROUND

The Book of Enoch was widely accepted in Judaism until the first Century CE.     Tertullian c. 200 CE wrote ‘Concerning the Genuineness of the Prophecy of Enoch – He said it was published before the deluge (flood), edited/restored by Ezra and had been rejected by the Jews because it contained prophecies pertaining to Christ  –

Photo: Chester Beatty Enoch papyri 4th Cent. Wiki commons

“I am aware that the Scripture of Enoch, which has assigned this order (of action) to angels, is not received by some, because it is not admitted into the Jewish canon either. I suppose they did not think that, having been published before the deluge, it could have safely survived that world-wide calamity…If (Noah) had not had this (conservative power) by so short a route, there would (still) be this (consideration) to warrant our assertion of (the genuineness of) this Scripture: he could equally have renewed it, under the Spirit’s inspiration, after it had been destroyed by the violence of the deluge, as, after the destruction of Jerusalem by the Babylonian storming of it, every document of the Jewish literature is generally agreed to have been restored through Ezra. But since Enoch in the same Scripture has preached likewise concerning the Lord, nothing at all must be rejected by us which pertains to us; and we read that “every Scripture suitable for edification is divinely inspired.” By the Jews it may now seem to have been rejected for that (very) reason, just like all the other (portions) nearly which tell of Christ. Nor, of course, is this fact wonderful, that they did not receive some Scriptures which spake of Him whom even in person, speaking in their presence, they were not to receive. To these considerations is added the fact that Enoch possesses a testimony in the Apostle Jude.”

(Tertullian, On the Apparel of Women, Book 1,Ch.3  http://www.earlychristianwritings.com/text/tertullian27.html

JUDE referred to the prophecies of Enoch and endorsed  him as a prophet. It seems that much of the existing Book of Enoch does indeed echo the Bible –

Enoch 1:4, 2:1 Jude v 14-15 Dan. 7:10,13 Rev. 5:11
The eternal God will tread upon the earth…And appear in the strength of His might from the heaven of heavens. Behold, he comes with ten thousands of his saints, to execute judgment on them, and destroy the wicked, and reprove all the carnal for everything which the sinful and ungodly have done, and committed against him. “Enoch, the seventh from Adam, prophesied about them: “See, the Lord is coming with thousands upon thousands of his holy ones to judge everyone, and to convict all of them of all the ungodly acts they have committed in their ungodliness, and of all the defiant words ungodly sinners have spoken against him.” Jude v 14-15

 

Thousands upon thousands attended him;ten thousand times ten thousand stood before him.

The court was seated, (judgement) and the books were opened…there before me was one like a Son of man, coming with the clouds of heaven.

I looked and heard the voice of many angels, numbering thousands upon thousands, and ten thousand times ten thousand.

 

 

 

 

Note: In some places the coming of Jesus also sounds like the coming of God – Zech. 14:5 Then the Lord my God will come, and all the holy ones with him.

The Book of Enoch seems to be the only text  (with the exception of Ps 80:17 and Daniel 7:13) outside the New Testament which uses the title  “Son of Man” for the heavenly saviour of Israel. Jude endorses Enoch (quoting a passage from Enoch 2:1).  Daniel also seems to endorse the same passage showing that the book of Enoch preceded the time of Daniel. Prior to the finding of the Dead Sea Scrolls the ‘scholars’ claimed that Enoch was written after Revelation as the language is so similar.  The presence of the Book of Enoch amongst the scrolls required the scholars to revise their theory, as fragments date to 150 BC, well before the New Testament.

PETER also refers to events we only read of in Enoch – the Judgement of Azazel and his angels/associates –

 

2 Peter 2:4 For if God did not spare angels when they sinned, but sent them to hell (Tartarus), putting them in chains of darkness to be held for judgement.

 

 

 

 

Enoch 54:4 – 55:4 For whom are these chains being prepared ?  And he said to me: ‘ These are being prepared for the hosts of Azazel … cast them on that day into the burning furnace, that the Lord of Spirits may take vengeance on them for their unrighteousness in becoming subject to Satan and leading astray those who dwell on the earth.’… You mighty kings who dwell on the earth, you shall have to behold My Elect One, how he sits on the throne of glory and judges Azazel, and all his associates, and all his hosts in the name of the Lord of Spirits.’

It’s interesting that the word translated as hell in 2 Peter 2:4, is not Hades or Gehenna, but Tartarus. It’s not found anywhere else in the Bible, but occurs in Enoch 20:2 where the holy angel Uriel is said to have charge over Tartarus. In the same chapter Michael, one of the other holy angels is said to have charge over the best portion of men. This lines up with what is said of him in Daniel 12:1 At that time Michael will arise who has charge of your people.

We learn who Satan is by reading what is also written about him in Revelation –

I saw an angel coming down out of heaven, having the key to the Abyss and holding in his hand a great chain.  He seized the dragon, that ancient serpent, who is the devil, or ­­­Satan, and bound him for a thousand years. He threw him into the Abyss. Rev. 20:1-3

The language throughout Revelation is reminiscent of the language of Enoch – chains, the abyss, eternal fiery punishment. Satan morphs from the serpent of Genesis to the dragon/Satan of Revelation – highly symbolic language personifying temptation which James explains – Each person is tempted when they are dragged away by their own evil desire and enticed. James 5:14

The book of Enoch describes the punishment of the watchers who gave in to lust, enticed by Satan and were chained in Tartarus awaiting judgment. Eventually (in Revelation) Satan/The Devil is also bound, held in the abyss, and finally judged and thrown into the lake of fire (Rev. 20:10). This place of torment in Revelation gains more meaning by comparing it to the Book of Enoch – And that valley of the Angels, who led men astray, burns under the ground. Enoch 67:6  Both Revelation and Enoch are books of symbol.

Enoch describes the days of wickedness which brought the flood of Noah’s time on the earth. Jesus likened the time before His second coming to the days of Noah –

As it was in the days of Noah, so it will be at the coming of the Son of Man.  For in the days before the flood, people were eating and drinking, marrying and giving in marriage, up to the day Noah entered the ark. Matt. 24:37

A MESSAGE FOR THE FINAL GENERATION

If authentic, the Book of Enoch gives  more context to the days of Noah so that the ‘watchers’ of the last generation can wake from sleep and proclaim the coming of the Lord.  It specifically claims to be a message for the generation living in the last days –

“The Word of blessing of Enoch, wherewith he blessed the chosen and righteous who would be alive in the day of tribulation for the removal of all wrongdoers and backsliders…  From them (angels) I heard all things, and understood what I saw; that which will not take place in this generation, but in a generation which is to succeed at a distant period, on account of the elect…The Holy Great One will come forth from His dwelling …And the eternal God will tread upon the earth, (even) on Mount Sinai. Enoch 1:1-4 … I will bring forth in shining light those who have loved My holy name, and I will seat each on the throne of his honour. And they shall be resplendent for times without number; for righteousness is the judgement of God; for to the faithful He will give faithfulness in the habitation of upright paths. Enoch 108:12-14

RENEWEL OF INTEREST

The original writings of Enoch were lost in antiquity. Complete copies of copies were preserved as part of the Ethiopian cannon of scripture which surfaced in the West in the 18th century. It’s prolific presence amongst the Dead Sea Scrolls (the 3rd most represented book) renewed interest in what had largely been a ‘lost book’ for  almost 1,000 years. The oldest date of Dead Sea copies approx. 150 – 200 BC (as old as any portion of scripture in existence) – a complete book is said to have been taken from the Dead Sea Scrolls and sold to private investors and witnessed on microfilm (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aramaic_Enoch_Scroll).

2 INTERPRETATIONS

1. LITERAL – The book of Enoch is widely regarded as the story of fallen heavenly angels (watchers) who mate with beautiful humans and produce offspring called giants (Nephilim) – the stuff of legends. This interpretation is taking a book of symbol at face value and places it in the category of a ‘Jewish Myth’.  I’m sure the much misunderstood book of Revelation would have likewise been rejected  were it not finally included in the church cannon of scripture – the last book to be widely accepted.

2. MANY SYMBOLS -Applying a different template transforms the entire story. In the book of Enoch the ‘Holy Angels’ who fell, are not the spiritual beings of heaven such as Michael, Gabriel, Uriel etc.  The fallen angels or watchers are people who should have been living the heavenly life. Likewise, in the books of Jude and Peter, the angels who ‘fell’ are also those called to  a heavenly life.  The word ‘angel’ in the Bible simply means messenger. It can be a heavenly one – often referred to as ‘angel of the Lord’, or can be a mortal messenger – the context usually makes it obvious which is intended. Regrettably, most of the time translators have left it as ‘angel’ – the untranslated word meaning messenger.

HUMAN ANGELS

John the Baptist was an angel

“I will send my messenger (same word as angel) ahead of you, who will prepare your way” – a voice of one calling in the wilderness, ‘Prepare the way for the Lord’. Mark 1:2

This passage was so obviously talking about John the Baptist it could hardly be applied to an immortal angel. But translators chose to leave it as ‘angel’ in Acts 12

When she recognized Peter’s voice, she was so overjoyed she ran back without opening it and exclaimed, “Peter is at the door!” “You’re out of your mind,” they told her. When she kept insisting that it was so, they said, “It must be his angel.” Acts 12:15

The word ‘messenger’ make more sense here. There would be messengers from Peter in prison going back and forth with word to the other disciples – not an immortal angel.

When Paul said that not even angels could separate us from God’s love, it makes much more sense that he is talking of humans – I am convinced that neither death nor life, neither angels nor demons, neither the present nor the future, nor any powers, neither height nor depth, nor anything else in all creation, will be able to separate us from the love of God that is in Christ Jesus our Lord. Rom. 8:38

When troublesome messengers came to the Corinthians regarding what women should or shouldn’t wear on their heads, it again makes much more sense that the angels were those human messengers – It is for this reason that a woman ought to have authority over her own head, because of the angels. 1 Cor. 11:10 NIV (See Confusion at Corinth )

Jude and Peter both refer to the angels in the book of Enoch and it is clear from the context they are speaking of humans. This understanding transforms the book of Enoch  from a  belief that it is speaking of fallen immortal angels and demons, to the understanding that it is speaking of the once Godly people who gave in to temptation. Thus the Book of Enoch becomes an ancient text worthy of consideration with the need to discern what is literal from the highly symbolic language which has led many into interpreting it  as ‘doctrines about demons’ – The Spirit clearly says that in later times some will abandon the faith and follow deceiving spirits and teachings about demons. (See 1 Tim. 4:1) If the Book of Enoch is authentic, then it is endorsed as scripture.

HEIGHT OF GIANTS

Enoch 7:2 presents us with giants of 300 cubits (or 3,000 ells).  To take this literally in a book full of symbol is the equivalent of saying there is a literal beast with 7 heads and 10 horns in the book of Revelation.

It has been suggested it could be an interpolation“Verse 2 should be corrected in favour of the Greek fragment for this passage which says nothing about the stature of the giants” Nickelsburg/Vanderkam.

However, it seems to me that if the text is genuine then a symbolic interpretation makes more sense. Revelation 13 tells us to ‘count’ the number of the Beast – 6oo, 60, 6. There are many examples of God using measurements symbolically – New Jerusalem is a cube with dimensions of 12,000 – yet this New Jerusalem is a bride made up of people. The 2 witnesses in Revelation 11:1 are measured – I was given a reed like a measuring rod and was told, “Go and measure the temple of God and the altar, with its worshipers (See Revelation The Time is at Hand)The dimensions of Ezekiel’s temple are given so that people can think about them and apply the lessons.

It would make more sense that the huge beings of Enoch are talking of fallen ‘heavenly’ people who became corrupted. They had once been measured as reaching the height of heaven –

In the generation of my father, Jared, some from the height of
Heaven transgressed the word of the Lord.  Enoch 106:13

Enoch also uses symbolic language to tell us that the righteous who inherit the earth will be like the angels –

In those days the mountains will leap like rams, and the hills will
skip like lambs satisfied with milk, and all will become Angels in Heaven. Their faces will shine with joy, for in those days the Chosen One will
have risen and the earth will rejoice and the righteous will dwell on it
and the chosen will walk upon it. Enoch 51:4-5

Let’s look at the contemporary record in Genesis which talks about this time period prior to the flood.

 RECORD COMPARISON

Genesis 6:1-5 Enoch 6:1-3, 9:10
And it came to pass, when men began to multiply on the face of the earth, and daughters were born to them, that the sons of God saw that the daughters of men were fair; and they took them wives of all they chose…The Nephilim were in the earth in those days; and also after that, when the sons of God came in to the daughters of men, and they bore children to them, the same became mighty men which were of old, men of renown. The Lord saw how great the wickedness of the human race had become on the earth, and that every inclination of the thoughts of the human heart was only evil all the time. And it came to pass when the sons of men had multiplied that in those days were born to them beautiful and comely daughters. And the angels, the sons of heaven, saw and lusted after them, and said to one another: ‘Come, let us choose us wives from among the children of men and beget us children.’ … And the women have borne giants, and the whole earth has thereby been filled with blood and unrighteousness. 

The similarity of the Genesis and Enoch account is apparent.

SONS OF GOD = ANGELS = SONS OF HEAVEN = WATCHERS

The ‘Sons of God’ in Genesis equate to the ‘angels’ (messengers) – the ‘sons of heaven’ in Enoch (underlined in record comparison above).  The book of Enoch also refers to the angels of heaven as ‘watchers’.  To Gabriel also the Lord said, Go to the biters, to the reprobates, to the children of fornication; and destroy the children of fornication, the offspring of the Watchers, from among men Enoch 10:13

The comparison of Genesis and Enoch makes it clear that the ‘fallen angels’ or ‘watchers’ were the once righteous human descendants of Seth – the ‘Sons of God’.

There are abundant examples in the Bible of the Sons of God being mortal, heavenly messengers.

All who are led by the Spirit of God are Sons of God. Rom. 8:14

    In Christ Jesus you are all Sons of God, through faith Gal. 3:26

    What manner of love the Father hath bestowed upon us, that we should   be called       the Sons of God: 1 John 3:1

The family tree of Jesus in Luke 3 goes back to God via Seth – the son of Adam, the Son of GodENOCH00 sharp

The son of Noah, the son of Lamech, the son of Methuselah, the son of Enoch, the son of Jared, the son of Mahalalel, the son of Kenan, the son of Enosh, the son of Seth, the son of Adam, the son of God.

It would seem that the line of the righteous in Genesis and Enoch were referring to the line of Seth going back to God, as opposed to the line of Cain (the line of ‘Men’) who was cast out of God’s presence.

NEPHILIM

We are told in Genesis that the Nephilim had children who were ‘mighty men of renown’. The Nephilim were in the earth in those days; and also after that, when the sons of God came in to the daughters of men, and they bore children to them, the same became mighty men which were of old, men of renown. Gen. 6. The word ‘nephilim’ comes from the Hebrew word נָפַל ‘naphal’  meaning ‘to fall’ – they were the ‘Sons of God’ who had fallen from God’s ways. The same root word is applied to Nebuchadnezzar falling from heaven How art thou fallen from heaven, O Lucifer, son of the morning! Is. 14:12

The Nephilim existed before the flood and after the flood. The Israelites were afraid of the Nephilim when spying out the Promised Land – There we saw the Nephilim, sons of Anak, of the Nephilim; and to ourselves we seemed like grasshoppers, and so we seemed to them.” Num. 13:33

Joshua gave to Caleb son of Jephunneh a portion in Judah—Kiriath Arba, that is, Hebron. (Arba was the forefather of Anak.)  From Hebron Caleb drove out the three Anakim —Sheshai, Ahiman and Talmai, the sons of Anak. Josh. 15:13

FALLEN ANGELS

Enoch prophesied about the angels who went astray (and their children) and called them ‘watchers’. Jude talks about the same event and calls them ‘angels’- not referring to immortal angels but mortal messengers.  The fallen angels of Jude and the fallen watchers of Enoch refer to the same event and people who had once been Godly but lost their way –

Jude: v6 And the angels who did not keep their positions of authority but abandoned their proper dwelling—these he has kept in darkness, bound with everlasting chains for judgment on the great Day. …v 14 Enoch, the seventh from Adam, prophesied about them

COMPARE TO

Enoch 10 Bind them for seventy generations underneath the earth, even to the Day of Judgment, and of consummation, until the judgment, the effect of which will last for ever, be completed…And destroy all the spirits of the reprobate and the children of the Watchers, because they have wronged mankind…Then shall they be taken away into the lowest depths of the fire in torments; and in confinement shall they be shut up for ever…Immediately after this shall he, together with them, burn and perish; they shall be bound until the consummation of many generations.

The concept of falling from heaven is highly symbolic Bible language for losing power, either political or spiritual. Isaiah 14 talks about the king of Babylon falling from heaven like a star –

How you have fallen from heaven, morning star (sometimes translated as Lucifer), son of the dawn! You have been cast down to the earth, you who once laid low the nations! You said in your heart, “I will ascend to the heavens; I will raise my throne above the stars of God. Is. 14:12-13

 The context of this passage is found in Isaiah 14:4: take up this proverb against the king of Babylon. This passage is not talking about a supernatural evil being – it’s talking about a mortal King – Nebuchadnezzar.

AZAZEL THE SCAPEGOAT

The symbology of the scapegoat in Leviticus takes on new meaning when compared to the story of the fallen angels in Enoch.

Enoch describes Azazel as a leader of the rebellious watchers preceding the flood. He taught men the art of warfare etc. At God’s command he was chained to the rocks of Dudael (the abyss) until the Day of Judgment when he will be cast into the fire and consumed forever. Revelation talks of the Abyss being opened at the end of days and a lake of fire which those who are judged are thrown into.

Enoch 10:8 ascribes sin to Azazel –

The whole earth has been corrupted through the works that were taught by Azazel: to him ascribe all sin.

In Leviticus 16 two male goats were to be sacrificed to God. One of the two was selected by Lot, for  לַעֲזָאזֵל, “for Azazel”. This goat was then cast out in the desert as part of  Yom Kippur.

In the King James Version the word Azazel is translated as “as a scapegoat”, however, in most modern English translations it is represented as a name in the text:

Aaron shall offer the bull as a sin offering for himself and shall make atonement for himself and for his house.  Then he shall take the two goats and set them before the Lord at the entrance of the tent of meeting.  And Aaron shall cast lots over the two goats, one lot for the Lord and the other lot for Azazel.  And Aaron shall present the goat on which the lot fell for the Lord and use it as a sin offering,  but the goat on which the lot fell for Azazel shall be presented alive before the Lord to make atonement over it, that it may be sent away into the wilderness to Azazel. — Leviticus 16:6-10, ESV

Azazel and his associates were to be kept in chains for 70 generations, until the day of a judgement and consummation – the effects of which would last forever –

And the Lord said to [the arch-angel] Raphael: “Bind Azazel hand and foot and throw him into the darkness!” And Raphael made a hole in the desert, which was in Dudael, and cast him there. On top of him, he threw rugged and sharp rocks. And he covered Azazel’s face in order that he may not see light and […] may be sent into the fire on the great day of judgment. […]And to Michael the Lord said: “[…] Bind them for seventy generations underneath the rocks of the ground even to the day of judgment, and of consummation, until the judgment, the effect of which will last for ever, be completed. In those days they shall be led off to the abyss of fire: and to the torment and the prison in which they shall be confined for ever.  Enoch 10.4-16

This could be interpreted as keeping Azazel there until Jesus came – the effects of His sacrifice would last forever and do away with the need for a goat sent into the wilderness to Azazel – then they would go to the eternal abyss.

Luke’s record shows that there were 70 generations from Enoch (time of Azazel) to Jesus – and that Enoch was the 7th FROM ADAM (inclusive) to which Jude testified.

 70 GENERATIONS FROM ENOCH WHO WAS THE 7th FROM ADAM (inclusive of Adam)

77  JESUS 
76 Joseph (Mary)
75 Eli
74 Matthat
73 Levi
72 Melki
71 Jannai
70 Joseph
69 Mattathias
68 Amos
67 Nahum
66 Esli
65 Naggai
64 Maath
63 Mattathias
62 Semein
61 Josech
60 Joda
59 Joanan
58 Rhesa
57 Zerubbabel
56 Shealtiel
55 Neri
54 Melki
53 Addi
52 Kosam
51 Elmadam
50 Er
49 Jesus
48 Eliezer
47 Jorim
46 Matthat
45 Levi
44 Simeon
43 Judah
42 Joseph
41 Jonan
40 Eliakim
39 Melea
38 Menna
37 Mattatha
36 Nathan
35 David
34 Jesse
33 Obed
32 Boaz
31 Salmon
30 Nahshon
29 Amminadab
28 Admin
27 Aram
26 Hezron
25 Perez
24 Judah
23 Jacob
22 Isaac
21 Abraham
20 Terah
19 Nahor
18 Serug
17 Reu
16 Peleg
15 Eber
14 Shelah
13 Kainan
12 Arphaxad
11 Shem
10 Noah
9 Lamech
8 Methuselah
7 Enoch
6 Jared
5 Mahalalel
4 Kenan
3 Enosh
2 Seth
1 Adam
God

If the Jews associated this prophecy with Jesus, who they had rejected, there would be added motive for not accepting the Book of Enoch and a prophecy of judgement which terminated at the time of Christ.

In a ‘type’ of the Azazel scapegoat, we read that Jesus bore our sins. The difference was that He was innocent and the grave (abyss) could not hold Him.  And God raised Him up again, putting an end to the agony of death, since it was impossible for Him to be held in its power. Acts 2:24

God and Jesus can break the chains that hold people in the abyss: Some sat in darkness, in utter darkness, prisoners suffering in iron chains… they cried to the Lord in their trouble,and he saved them from their distress. He brought them out of darkness, the utter darkness, and broke away their chains. Psalm 107:10-14

ENDORSEMENT BY CHURCH FATHERS

Barnabas quoted Enoch as Scripture regarding the demise of the temple/tower–

For the Scripture says, “And it shall come to pass in the last days, that the Lord will deliver up the sheep of His pasture, and their sheep-fold and tower, to destruction.”   Barnabas 16:5

 

I saw those sheep that they again erred and went many ways, and forsook that their house, and the Lord of the sheep called some from amongst the sheep and sent them to the sheep,  but the sheep began to slay themHe forsook their house and their tower and gave them all into the hand of the lions…and they burnt that tower and demolished that house. Enoch 89:51,56,67

Irenaeus referred to Enoch  in  The Proof of the Apostolic Preaching 18 –  a condensed version of Enoch 6-8.

“And for a very long while wickedness extended and spread, and reached and laid hold upon the whole race of mankind, until a very small seed of righteousness remained among them: and illicit unions took place upon the earth, since angels were united with the daughters of the race of mankind; and they bore to them sons who for their exceeding greatness were called giants. And the angels brought as presents to their wives teachings of wickedness, in that they brought them the virtues of roots and herbs, dyeing in colours and cosmetics, the discovery of rare substances, love-potions, aversions, amours, concupiscence, constraints of love, spells of bewitchment, and all sorcery and idolatry hateful to God; by the entry of which things into the world evil extended and spread, while righteousness was diminished and enfeebled.”

ENDORSEMENT BY JESUS

 To date, the book of Enoch appears to be the sole reference to the theology of angels not marrying which Jesus could have referred to when he addressed the Sadducees:

MATTHEW: Concerning those who are raised – no marriage – just like holy angels ENOCH: Concerning the watchers who married earthly women – no marriage to earthly women appointed by God – a reminder that they should remember their spiritual dwelling (where the holy angels are who don’t marry)
Jesus replied, “You are in error because you do not know the Scriptures (what Scriptures?) or the power of God.  At the resurrection people will neither marry nor be given in marriage; they will be like the angels in heaven.  And about the resurrection of the dead—have you not read what God said to you,  ‘I am the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob’ ? He is not the God of the dead but of the living. Matt. 22:29-32 You being spiritual, holy, and possessing a life which is eternal, have polluted yourselves with women; have begotten in carnal blood; have lusted in the blood of men; and have done as those who are flesh and blood do. These however die and perish. Therefore have I given them (your children) wives, that they might cohabit with them; that sons might be born of them; and that this might be transacted upon earth. But you from the beginning were made spiritual, possessing a life which is eternal, and not subject to death for ever. Therefore I have not appointed wives for you (with earthly women as I did for your children), because, being spiritual, your dwelling is in heaven. Enoch 15:3-7

 

Notice that Jesus refers to Abraham, Isaac and Jacob as being alive – Highly symbolic language. The Book of Enoch is equally symbolic. The righteous are to live the heavenly life and not take earthly wives in lust – they too posses a life which is eternal (like Abraham, Isaac and Jacob)

Those who live the kingdom life now should focus on the things of God and live as the heavenly angles do who are not married nor given in marriage. It doesn’t mean they can’t literally get married any more than we don’t literally die, but they are to put God first, as Paul said:

The remaining time is wrapping up. From now on those who have wives should live as if they do not;  those who mourn, as if they did not; those who are happy, as if they were not; those who buy something, as if it were not theirs to keep;  those who use the things of the world, as if not engrossed in them. For this world in its present form is passing away. 1 Cor. 7:30-31

 There seems a definite connection between what Jesus referred to, and what Enoch said. It could be the ‘Scripture’ which Jesus endorsed.  The Sadducees would have rejected the book of Enoch and thus not been familiar with it – they believed the only writing of divine authorship was the Torah. Perhaps we too have overlooked certain scriptures through not accepting them.

 ENOCH IS ALLUDED TO BY MANY BIBLE WRITERS

SOULS ASK FOR JUSTICE

Revelation 6:9-10 And when he had opened the fifth seal, I saw under the altar the souls of them that were slain for the word of God, and for the testimony which they held: And they cried with a loud voice, saying, How long, O Lord, holy and true, dost thou not judge and avenge our blood on them that dwell on the earth?

 

Enoch 9:9-12 Thus has the whole earth been filled with blood and with iniquity. And now behold the souls of those who are dead, cry out. And complain even to the gate of heaven. Their groaning ascends; nor can they escape from the unrighteousness which is committed on earth.

WITNESS OF CREATION

Romans 1:20 For the invisible things of him from the creation of the world are clearly seen, being understood by the things that are made, even his eternal power and Godhead; so that they are without excuse

Enoch 3:1-3 All who are in the heavens know what is transacted there. They know that the heavenly luminaries change not their paths; that each rises and sets regularly, every one at its proper period, without transgressing the commands, which they have received. They behold the earth, and understand what is there transacted, from the beginning to the end of it. They see that every work of God is invariable in the period of its appearance.
JUDGING ANGELS

1 Cor 6:3 Weymouth version – Do you not know that we are to sit in judgement upon angels (mortal messengers just as Enoch judged them)–to say nothing of things belonging to this life?  – (I believe this applies to the present)

As He has created and given to man the power of understanding the word of wisdom, so hath He created me also and given me the power of reprimanding the Watchers, the children of heaven. (the watchers were humans) Enoch 14:3-4
 

ANCIENT OF DAYS, WHITE WOOL HAIR, THRONE FLAMING WITH FIRE

 Dan. 7:9-10

Thrones were set in place, and the Ancient of Days took his seat. His clothing was as white as snow; the hair of his head was white like wool. His throne was flaming with fire, and its wheels were all ablaze. A river of fire was flowing, coming out from before him.

Rev. 1:14 One like a Son of Man… The hair on his head was white like wool, as white as snow, and his eyes were like blazing fire.

Enoch 46:1-3 There I beheld the Ancient of dayswhose head was like white wool, and with him another, whose countenance resembled that of man.

14:18 And I saw a lofty throne: its appearance was as crystal, and the wheels thereof as the shining sun, and there was the vision of cherubim. 19. And from underneath the throne came streams of flaming fire so that I could not look thereon.

FROM THE BEGINNING  In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. The same was in the beginning with God. John 1:1-2 Enoch 48:5 The Elect and Concealed One existed in his presence, before the world was created, and for ever.
Matt. 5:5 Blessed are the meek, for they will inherit the earth. Enoch 5:7 for the elect there shall be light and joy and peace, And they will inherit the earth.
Is 66:1 This is what the LORD says: “Heaven is my throne, and the earth is my footstool. Enoch 84:2 And all the heavens are Thy throne for ever, and the whole earth Thy footstool for ever and ever.
Matt. 26:24 The Son of Man will go just as it is written about him. But woe to that man who betrays the Son of Man! It would be better for him if he had not been born.” Enoch 38:2-5 And where the place of rest for those who have rejected the Lord of spirits? It would have been better for them, had they never been born.
Not even the angels in heaven knew the exact time of Jesus coming – the inference being they knew in general the events of the last generation Enoch 1:1-2 This the angels showed me. From them I heard all things, and understood what I saw; that which will not take place in this generation, but in a generation which is to succeed at a distant period, on account of the elect.
TAKEN

By faith Enoch was translated that he should not see death (escaped the flood ?); and was not found, because God had translated him: for before his translation he had this testimony, that he pleased God. 11:5

Before all these things Enoch was concealed; nor did any one of the sons of men know where he was concealed, where he had been, and what had happened. He was wholly engaged with the holy ones, and with the Watchers in his days. Enoch 12:1-2
They were trampled in the winepress outside the city, and blood flowed out of the press, rising as high as the horses’ bridles for a distance of 1,600 stadia.

Rev. 14:20

 

 

 

Woe to those who commit iniquity, and help wrong, and kill their neighbours, until the Day of the Great Judgment; for he will throw down your glory. … And the sinner will not withhold his hand from his honoured brother from dawn until the Sun sets they will kill one another. And the horse will walk up to its chest in the blood of sinners and the chariot will sink up to its height.  And in those days the Angels will come down into the hidden places, and gather together in one place all those who have helped sin, and the Most High will rise on that day to execute the Great Judgment. Enoch 100:3
KINGS OF THE EAST – Identified by Enoch?

The sixth angel poured out his bowl on the great river Euphrates, and its water was dried up to prepare the way for the kings from the East Then I saw three impure spirits that looked like frogs; they came out of the mouth of the dragon, out of the mouth of the beast and out of the mouth of the false prophet.  They are demonic spirits that perform signs, and they go out to the kings of the earth and the whole world, to gather them for the battle on the great day of God Almighty.

See: Daniel 8 – End Time Prophecy

 

And in those days, the Angels will gather together, and will throw themselves towards the east, upon the Parthians and Medes (Iran). They will stir up the kings so that a disturbing spirit will come upon them, and they will drive them from their thrones; and they will come out like lions from their lairs, and like hungry wolves in the middle of their flocks.  And they will go up and trample on the Land of My Chosen Ones, and the land of my chosen ones will become before them a tramping-ground and a beaten track… In those days shall the mouth of hell be opened, into which they shall be immerged; hell shall destroy and swallow up sinners from the presence of the elect. Enoch 56:5-7,12
When the Son of man shall come in his glory, and all the holy angels with him, then shall he sit upon the throne of his glory. Matt. 25:31 Then shall pain come on them as on a woman in travail … When they see that Son of Man Sitting on the throne of his glory… And all the elect shall stand before him on that day. Enoch 62:4-8
BOOKS OPENED

Thrones were set in place, and the Ancient of Days took his seat Thousands upon thousands attended him; ten thousand times ten thousand stood before him. The court was seated,and the books were opened. Daniel 7:9-10

 

And in those days I saw the Head of Days, as he sat upon the throne of his glory, and the books of the living were opened before him, and his whole host, which is in high heaven and around him, stood before him. Enoch 47:3

ENOCH WAS TRANSPORTED

We are told in Hebrews that Enoch was transported so the he would not see death. The book of Enoch tells us that he was taken away from the wicked and dwelt with the righteous – perhaps he did not die in the flood. This lines up with a local flood theory, that did not destroy the entire planet but only an area in the Middle East. Thus there were Nephilim before and after the flood because they were outside the area of the flood as Enoch was.

BLESSING CONNECTION with Daniel and Revelation – to the messengers

“Word of blessing of  Enoch, wherewith he blessed the chosen and righteous who would be alive in the day of tribulation for the removal of all wrongdoers and backsliders…The Holy Great One will come forth from His dwelling, And the eternal God will tread upon the earth, (even) on Mount Sinai, (Second coming)

Blessed is the one who waits for and reaches the end of the 1,335 days. Dan 12:12

Blessed is the one who reads aloud (in a perceptive way) the words of this prophecy, and blessed are those who hear it and attend to what is written in it, because the time is at handRev 1:3

Those living in the days of tribulation when ‘the time is at hand’ are blessed to understand what is happening and have things to attend to.

The Days of the Son of Man are likened to the Days of Noah about which Enoch prophesied – when the watchers themselves became caught up in eating, drinking, marrying and giving in marriage to the daughters of men.  When the Son of Man comes, will He find faith on the earth?

There are definitely some unusual parts to the Book of Enoch – if it is indeed the oldest written record of scripture then it is bound to have additions and corruptions over time (as the rest of the Bible).

FURTHER QUOTE

Rabbi Simeon ben Yochai, a 2nd-century tannaitic sage and traditional compiler of the Zohar

‘Had I been alive when the Holy One, blessed be He, gave mankind the book of Enoch and the book of Adam, I would have endeavoured to prevent their dissemination, because not all wise men read them with proper attention, and thus extract from them perverted ideas, such as lead men astray from the Most High to the worship of strange powers. Now, however, the wise who understand these things keep them secret, and thereby fortify themselves in the service of their Master.’
Rabbi Simeon ben Yochai (Zohar 1:72b)

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BEASTS of the BIBLE

From the ‘Earth’ & ‘Sea’ – as distinct from ‘Kingdom of Heaven’

Their impact on Israel – the land and people

 SNAKE 2

 SERPENT

DRAGON

Morphs Gen – Rev

ADVERSARY/DECEIVER: The serpent was more cunning than any BEAST of the earth. Gen 3:1

 DRAGON: The dragon, that serpent of old, who is the Devil and Satan. Rev. 20:2

 Assyria

Assyrian

Lion

Israel is a scattered flock that LIONS have chased away. The first to devour them was the king of Assyria. Jer. 50:17
 beast-croc

Egyptian

Monster

I am against you, Pharaoh king of Egypt, you great monster lying among your streams. Ezek. 29:3

Made Judah client state 609 -605 BC.

 beast3-resized-smaller

Babylonian

Lion

When seventy years are completed for Babylon. Jer. 29:10 

Babylon defeated Assyrians (lion that devoured Israel) 609BC Haran – defeated by Darius the Mede 539 BC

 beast40118

 BEAR

Medes & Persians – conquered Lydia, Babylon, Egypt (3 ribs)

Ruled Israel 539 – 332 BCE

 beast10115-small-lep

 LEOPARD

Greeks – Kingdom divided into 4 parts after Alexander died.
 hadrian

Great &

Terrible

Beast

Rome – Involved in death of Jesus – Herod and Pontius Pilate met together with the Gentiles and the people of Israel in this city to conspire against your holy servant Jesus Acts 4:27. Trampled Israel under foot. Destroyed temple, scattered Jews.
 beast hitler

 

Beast of the Sea (nations)

HITLER – Given throne of Satan- Temple of Zeus taken from Pergamum (Rev 3) to Berlin – Hitler styled his podium on it and styled the 3rd Reich on Holy Roman Empire (mortally wounded head). Trampled Jews under foot as Rome had done.
 beast on stand Image of the (Sea) Beast IRAN – Empowered by Beast of Earth (Islam). Rises among 3 of the 10 horns (Iraq, Syria, Lebanon). Has authority for one hour with the 10 horns and attacks Israel.                  See: Daniel 8 – End Time
 snake horns

Beast of the Earth

ISLAMIC EXTREMISM – 2 horns – Sunni & Shia – Empowers the Image of the Beast. Same as the False Prophet. Horns like lamb, speaks like dragon.
 harlot-hitler SCARLET BEAST Nations who have ruled the Jews. The Beast and 10 horns attack the harlot (Israel). Heads are 7 Kings – 5 fallen (Assyria, Egypt, Babylon, Medes/Persians, Greeks) – One is (Rome) – One has a short rule (Hitler) and One is to be 8th (Iran)

Full explanation  Revelation the Time is at Hand

 

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DANIEL 8 – END TIME PROPHECY

The end time Bible prophecies  can be understood more clearly than ever before as we watch them unfold. Daniel 8 concerns the history of Persia (Iran) and the coming conflict with Israel. It is the next instalment of the vision of the ‘Little Horn’ given to Daniel in chapter 7 –

V1 In the third year of the reign of King Belshazzar, I, Daniel, had a vision, after the one that had already appeared to me. 

Belshazzar was the King of Babylon who co-ruled with his father Nabonidus – the last king of Neo-Babylonia.

The book of Daniel is not in chronological order. Chapter 5 tells of the demise of Belshazzar and end of the Kingdom of Babylon – yet chapters 7 and 8 talk of visions that appeared prior to this. Chapter 8 describes the ‘Beasts’ which rise to have power in Elam

V2 In my vision I saw myself in the citadel of Susa in the province of Elam; in the vision I was beside the Ulai Canal. 

Daniel would have probably been in Babylon during the reign of Belshazzar (King of Babylon), but in this vision he is transported to Elam – Persia (now called Iran) which is the focus of this prophecy.  Iran was never taken over by the Romans, thus this prophecy lacks the 4th Beast Kingdom of chapter 7 (Rome) which was centred on the Land of Israel and its foreign rulers.  This prophecy concerns the history of the land of Elam (Persia/Iran) which is the place the ‘Little Horn’ rises from before expanding towards Israel in the End Times.

V3 I looked up, and there before me was a ram with two horns, standing beside the canal, and the horns were long. One of the horns was longer than the other but grew up later.

The ram is the Medo/Persian Empire which also featured in Daniel 2 and 7. The Persian horn was longer because is became a greater empire and grew up later.

 4 I watched the ram as it charged toward the west and the north and the south. No animal could stand against it, and none could rescue from its power. It did as it pleased and became great.

The Persian Empire (which morphed from the Median Empire) conquered Babylon in the West, Lydia in the North and Egypt in the South.

V 5 As I was thinking about this, suddenly a goat with a prominent horn between its eyes came from the west, crossing the whole earth without touching the ground. 6 It came toward the two-horned ram I had seen standing beside the canal and charged at it in great rage. 7 I saw it attack the ram furiously, striking the ram and shattering its two horns. The ram was powerless to stand against it; the goat knocked it to the ground and trampled on it, and none could rescue the ram from its power. 8 The goat became very great, but at the height of its power the large horn was broken off, and in its place four prominent horns grew up toward the four winds of heaven.

The goat is Alexander the Great who defeated the Persians but died at the height of power at age 32. His Kingdom was divided into 4. At this point the prophecy appears to have a gap and jumps to the last days. It talks of the final power to come out of Elam/Persia/Iran

V9 Out of one of them came another horn V9 which started small but grew in power to the south and to the east and toward the Beautiful Land.

Septuagint reads: “It grew very great toward the south, and toward the host” – no map Iranmention of East. At the present time Tehran is doing just this.  It has gained power bases in Iraq, Syria and Lebanon – reaching towards Israel.             Map: Daily Mail, Aug.’17

THE GAP

As with the Daniel 2 prophecy of the Image, and the Daniel 7 prophecy of the foreign rulers of Israel, there is a gap in the prophecy when the Jews are scattered and their land lies desolate.  The prophecies resume at the END OF DAYS with the regathering of Israel to the Promised Land. Harry Whittaker expresses similar ideas in ‘The Last Days’ Ch. 3 regarding Daniel’s prophecies:

They are all Messianic—they all find their great climax in the appearance of Messiah the Prince… they all include a long gap or break in the continuity of the fulfilment.

daniel image gap

V10 It grew until it reached the host of the heavens, and it threw some of the starry host down to the earth and trampled on them. 

Verses 17 & 19 tell us this period belongs to the time of the end. “Understand that the vision concerns the time of the end… the vision concerns the appointed time of the end.” This is the power that will come against Israel and as verse 20 tells us, it also comes against Jesus – He will destroy many and take his stand against the Prince of princes.” 

First it throws some of the starry host to the earth. It is the same horn as the little horn of Daniel 7:20  which rises and dominates 3 other horns (starry host of heaven)  I also wanted to know about the ten horns on its head and about the other horn that came up, before which three of them fell—the horn that looked more imposing than the others and that had eyes and a mouth that spoke boastfully. 21 As I watched, this horn was waging war against the holy people and defeating them, 22 until the Ancient of Days””

The starry host of chapter 8 are the same as the 3 horns which are cast down of chapter 7.  From unfolding events we can see they are Syria, Iraq and Lebanon to which this and many other news reports testify:

        Syria, Lebanon, and Iraq are nearly fully under Iran’s control. It is the culmination of a decades-long plan. Since the Islamic Revolution in 1979, Iran has been using a number of tools to achieve its foreign policy goal of spreading Shi’ite Islamic revolution and identity throughout Shi’ite communities in the Middle East in order to become the regional hegemon. (Hanin Ghaddar, The Tower, 2016)

Verses 11 & 12 have been translated into English in various ways which critically alter the meaning and add to the confusion of understanding of this chapter. It is Israel who are the cause of the desolation, because of their rebellion against God. Whilst there were many foreigners who desecrated the Holy Place – it would not have happened if Israel had not forsaken God. Of interest, the word ‘sacrifice’ is not in the original Hebrew text.

V11 It set itself up to be as great as the commander of the army of the Lord; it took away the daily sacrifice from the Lord, and his sanctuary was thrown down.V12 Because of rebellion, the Lord’s people and the daily sacrifice were given over to it. It prospered in everything it did, and truth was thrown to the ground.

The NET translates v 11 as: It also acted arrogantly against the Prince of the army, from whom the daily sacrifice (blessing?)  was removed and whose sanctuary was thrown down.”

This drastically altars the meaning.  Iran acts arrogantly against the Chief of the army of Israel from whom the daily  is removed. The meaning for ‘daily’ is continual, and the association is with God’s continual covenant to bless Israel if they obeyed Him. But they did not obey and the continual blessing has been removed and the sanctuary  thrown down.  God’s continual blessing was removed by degrees when they rejected Him. He brought them under foreign rule – the Beast Kingdoms of Daniel. Israel’s sanctuary – the Holy Place – has been thrown down. God’s Old Testament prophets said that He no longer accepted their sacrifices.  “Oh, that one of you would shut the temple doors, so that you would not light useless fires on my altar! I am not pleased with you,” says the Lord Almighty, “and I will accept no offering from your hands. My name is great among the nations, from where the sun rises to where it sets. In every place incense and pure offerings are brought to me, because my name is great among the nations.” Malachi 1:10 -11

Jesus spelt out plainly that the desolation was due to the behaviour of Israel:

Jerusalem, Jerusalem, you who kill the prophets and stone those sent to you…Look, your house is left to you desolate. 39 For I tell you, you will not see me again until you say, ‘Blessed is he who comes in the name of the Lord. Matt. 23:37-39

Israel rejected her Messiah. Jesus Himself was sacrificed in Jerusalem and the veil of the temple was torn in two – God was done with the Old way of sacrifices. The temple was further levelled to the ground in AD 70. The curses continued with a further scattering of the Jews after the 135 CE Bar Kochba Rebellion and their scattering culminating in the worst of times during the Holocaust – which also led to their re-gathering. Because of Israel’s rebellion, God allowed the abominations of foreigners to pollute the temple and the land to lie desolate until the re-gathering of Israel in the Last Days.

Once back in the land, Israel became God’s victorious witnesses of Revelation 11, not for their glory, but His. But the time of their victory is about to end. The Beast from the Abyss (Iran empowered by radical Islam) is about to attack with success, until the intervention of Jesus Himself.

13 Then I heard a holy one speaking, and another holy one said to him, “How long will it take for the vision to be fulfilled—the vision concerning the daily (continual blessing?) sacrifice, the rebellion that causes desolation, the surrender of the sanctuary and the trampling underfoot of the Lord’s people?”

14 He said to me, “It will take 2,300 evenings and mornings; then the sanctuary will be reconsecrated.”

To quote Harry Whittaker (Visions in Daniel, Ch. 7) –

As one man the commentators have made a sorry mess of their understanding of this time period…

The reading: ‘two thousand…’ depends entirely on the Hebrew pointing inserted by the scribes long centuries after the time of Daniel. They arbitrarily chose to read the key word ‘thousands’ as AL’PaIM, the dual form (= two thousand), instead of AL’PIM, the indefinite plural (thousands). With this valid, and almost certainly correct, alternative, the time-period now reads: ‘unto thousands (unspecified) and one hundred and fifty days (two sacrifices, in every 24 hours), i.e. a long indeterminate period concluding with a very special five months.

I believe Harry Whittaker was on the right track regarding the indefinite plural for ‘thousands’.

Also, there is dispute whether the mornings and evening should be interpreted as half days.  Some copies of the Septuagint are said to have had the number 2,400 to which Theodition referred. The Vatican Septutagint is said to have 2,400 days though it is claimed the manuscript it was produced from has 2,300 days.

In his Commentary on Daniel (written 407 CE), regarding chapter 8:14, Jerome said

Some authorities read two hundred instead of two thousand three hundred

TRICKY NUMBERS

There is another way to view the interpretation of God’s numbers.

The question is asked in Daniel 12:6 How long will it be before these astonishing things are fulfilled?”

Instead of a straight forward answer, a riddle is given- “It will be until a time, times and dividing of time. When the power of the holy people has been finally broken, all these things will be completed.” Dan. 12:6

A similar statement is made in Daniel 7:25 which concludes at the same point – when the power of Israel is broken by the ‘Little Horn’(Iran) which rises among the 10 horns of the Arabs surrounding Israel.

He will speak against the Most High and oppress his holy people and try to change the set times and the laws (tries to impose Sharia Law). The holy people will be delivered into his hands UNTIL a time, times and half a time (until the completion of the 70 ‘7’s prophecy).

God uses numbers and dimensions to remind us of previous events in the Bible. Daniel 9 gives a timeline divided into sections that are a time, times and dividing of time, and ends with Israel being defeated before Jesus returns. Thus ‘how long’? can mean “remember why’ – until Israel remember why they were scattered, and how they cut off their Messiah in the final ‘Dividing of Time’. Also, why the Beast will leave their own bodies in the streets for 3.5 days as they had looked on the body of Jesus – See Revelation 11:9

It is reminiscent of the Mene Mene Tekel and Parsin of Daniel 5, and the judgement on Babylon – A series of weights were interpreted as judgements. ‘’ You have been weighed in the balances and found wanting, your kingdom will be taken from you.

God brought 7 ‘times’ on Nebuchadnezzar until he would realise that God rules.

He sent Judah into Babylon for 70 years for them to realise that He rules.

He extended this to 70 ‘7’s when they still failed to serve Him.

When God made Israel wander in the wilderness for 40 years, it was to make them remember the 40 days of spying out the land when they had failed to trust Him.

I believe the correct interpretation of Daniel 8:14 is

 Unto thousands and 400 evenings and mornings; then the sanctuary will be cleansed.”

 – Following Harry’s Whittaker’s interpretation of the indefinite plural for ‘thousands’ and the disputed Vatican and Theodotion references to 400 rather than 300 evenings and mornings.

Thus when God tells Daniel in chapter 8:14 that the temple would only be cleansed after ‘thousands’ and 400, it is to remind them that they had again failed. The escalating curses of the Law unto ‘thousands’ were coming on them and would end with them going back to Egypt in symbol – where they had spent 400 years.

For 400 years your descendants will be strangers in a country not their own, and they will be enslaved. Acts 7:6

The reference to 400 evenings and mornings is not so much about the morning and evening sacrifices requiring a revision of the 400 to 200 days, but to take our minds back to the details of the curses on Israel, when they would say in the morning ‘’oh that it were evening’.

Notice the comparison of events in Daniel and the curses for breaking the covenant:

DANIEL CURSES for Breaking Continual Covenant
Because of rebellion (of Israel), the Lord’s people and the daily sacrifice were given over to it. It prospered in everything it did, and truth was thrown to the ground… How long will it take for the vision to be fulfilled—the vision concerning the daily sacrifice continual covenant, the rebellion that causes desolation, the surrender of the sanctuary and the trampling underfoot of the Lord’s people?”

14 He said to me, “It will be unto thousands and 400 evenings and mornings; then the sanctuary will be cleansed.”

 

if you reject my decrees and abhor my laws and fail to carry out all my commands and so violate my covenant, 16 then I will do this to you: I will bring on you sudden terror, wasting diseases and fever that will destroy your sight and sap your strength. You will plant seed in vain, because your enemies will eat it. 17 I will set my face against you so that you will be defeated by your enemies; those who hate you will rule over you…Lev 26

You will live in constant suspense, filled with dread both night and day, never sure of your life. 67 In the morning you will say, “If only it were evening!” and in the evening, “If only it were morning!”because of the terror that will fill your hearts and the sights that your eyes will see. 68 The Lord will send you back in ships to Egypt (where they spent 400 years) on a journey I said you should never make again. Deut 28

Interpretation of the Vision

V15 While I, Daniel, was watching the vision and trying to understand it, there before me stood one who looked like a man. 16 And I heard a man’s voice from the Ulai calling, “Gabriel, tell this man the meaning of the vision.”

17 As he came near the place where I was standing, I was terrified and fell prostrate. “Son of man,” he said to me, “understand that the vision concerns the time of the end.”

18 While he was speaking to me, I was in a deep sleep, with my face to the ground. Then he touched me and raised me to my feet.

19 He said: “I am going to tell you what will happen later in the time of wrath, because the vision concerns the appointed time of the end.

20 The two-horned ram that you saw represents the kings of Media and Persia. 21 The shaggy goat is the king of Greece, and the large horn between its eyes is the first king. 22 The four horns that replaced the one that was broken off represent four kingdoms that will emerge from his nation but will not have the same power.

The prophecy is focused on the land of Elam/Persia/Iran and now jumps to the ‘latter part of their reign’ – the appointed time of the end.

23 “In the latter part of their reign, when rebels have become completely wicked, a fierce-looking king, a master of intrigue, will arise. 24 He will become very strong, but not by his own power.

The ruler of Iran arises, empowered by Radical Islam –  which is described in Rev.13:11 It had two horns like a lamb (Sunnis and Shiah), but it spoke like a dragon. It is Radical Islam which empowers the image of the first Beast in Rev. 13. The book of Joel also describes the call for a ‘Holy War’ at the end of days.

He will cause astounding devastation and will succeed in whatever he does. He will destroy those who are mighty, the holy people. 25 He will cause deceit to prosper, and he will consider himself superior. When they feel secure, he will destroy many and take his stand against the Prince of princes. Yet he will be destroyed, but not by human power.

This is the end time ruler who attacks Israel, defeats them, and then is destroyed by Jesus with all the power of God at His command.

26 “The vision of the evenings and mornings that has been given you is true, but seal up the vision, for it concerns the distant future.”

27 I, Daniel, was worn out. I lay exhausted for several days. Then I got up and went about the king’s business. I was appalled by the vision; it was beyond understanding.

The vision is no longer beyond understanding because we are in the end times and can watch it unfold. It is time to get ready for the Kingdoms of the world to become the Kingdom of our Lord and of His Christ, and He will reign for ever and ever. Rev. 11:15

Of Further Interest

Jewish writers have some interesting comments on interpreting the future time of redemption and Messiah:

Rab said: All the predestined dates [for redemption] have passed, and the matter [now] depends only on repentance and good deeds.“Sanhedrin 97b,” Babylonian Talmud: Tractate Sanhedrin.

A Sage said: “May the curse of heaven fall upon those who calculate the date of the advent of the Messiah, and thus create political and social unrest among the people.” Sanhedrin, 97b.

For a more Comprehensive explanation of Daniel and Revelation See   https://youtu.be/Rb916mk_lD8

 

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SYMBOLS Established in Genesis

Genesis sets the symbols which appear throughout the rest of the Bible – especially Revelation.

SYMBOLS

Heaven/Light = Things of God

Earth/Darkness = Things of men

Sea = Nations

Rain/Dew = Word of God

Eden = God’s Garden/Sanctuary from which water flows to the earth beyond (taking God’s word to the nations)

Beasts/serpent = the UnGodly without morality

Adam/Eve – Given morality – Placed in God’s garden to look after it

There are 2 creation stories in Genesis. In chapter 1 man and woman are created in God’s image. In chapter 2 the parable of morality is introduced. Adam is taken from the earth and Eve is taken from man. A serpent deceives  – “The serpent was the most cunning of all the Beasts” (Gen. 3:1), sin enters the world, future redemption is via the seed of the woman.

Applying the symbols helps to understand the rest of the Bible. The serpent is the tempter – one of the ‘Beasts’. The Beasts Kingdoms are the Kingdoms of men without God’s morality – See Daniel 7 and Revelation 17 describing Beast Kingdoms.

Thus, when it says God made mankind in His image in Chapter one it was the creation of lots of people who lived outside Eden including in the land of Nod and included the Nephelin (giants who existed before and after the flood). When Cain had a mark and went East, there were already people there and he didn’t have to marry a sister. Eden is set as a parable within that creation and introduces morality into the world.

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EVENTS Leading to JESUS’ RETURN

Note: Genesis sets the symbols used in Revelation – See 2nd Table

table

table 2

SYMBOLS of GENESIS

The visions given in Revelation incorporate the symbols used in Genesis – the same symbols that are woven into the Bible by perhaps 40 authors, spanning a 1,500-year period. It is more evidence that God was ultimately directing the writing of this book.

Heaven/Light = Things of God

Earth/Darkness = Things of men

Sun, Moon, Stars = Rulers of varying degrees

Sea = Nations

Rain/Dew = Word of God

Eden = God’s Garden/Sanctuary from which water flows to the earth beyond (taking God’s word to the nations)  SNAKE 2

Beasts/serpent = the UnGodly

Adam/Eve – Given morality – Placed in God’s garden to look after it

There are 2 creation stories in Genesis. In chapter one man and woman are both created in God’s image.

God created mankind in his own image, in the image of God he created them; male and female he created them. Gen. 1:27

In chapter 2 the parable of morality is introduced. Adam is taken from the earth and Eve is taken from man. A serpent deceives, sin enters the world – the future redemption is via the seed of the woman.

 GENESIS SETS THE SYMBOLS

table 4

For more detail watch the youtube – Revelation A Message to Israel

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Bloodline of Jesus – via David or Uriah?

The record of Jesus’ genealogy in Matthew is traced through Joseph. Jesus was fully accepted as Joseph’s son so He became the legal heir of his heritage through Solomon and David back to Abraham. However, Matthew’s gospel is particularly scathing of trust in Jewish lineage – Matt. 3:9 – “God is able from these stones to raise children to Abraham.” There are 5 women mentioned in the Matthew genealogy. The first three were foreigners, Bathsheba is included as having been the wife of Uriah (the Hittite). It is interesting that Solomon is listed as her fourth son in the Old Testament records which generally list the eldest first.

1 Chron. 3:4 “David reigned in Jerusalem thirty-three years, and these were the children born to him there: Shammua, Shobab, Nathan and Solomon. These four were by Bathsheba daughter of Ammiel.” 

Solomon was born after the death of David’s and Bathsheba’s first child, so it would appear that the sons listed prior to Solomon were those from Bathsheba’s marriage to Uriah the Hittite, and they were fully adopted by David.  The parable told to David about the lamb  would also indicate that Uriah and Bathsheba  had children who sat at their table – 2 Sam. 12:3  “The poor man had nothing except one little ewe lamb he had bought. He raised it, and it grew up with him and his children.”

The term ‘born to him (David) there’ – can refer to ‘the pedigree’ in the same way Jesus was included in the line of Joseph (in Matthew) even though he was not in the blood line of Joseph. Thus if David fully adopted the children of Uriah and Bathsheba they would be listed as David’s children.

The genealogy of Jesus via Mary is given in Luke 3 and traces his descent via Nathan, the third son of Bathsheba, not Solomon the fourth son.

The implications of David fully adopting Bathsheba’s children are that the blood line of Jesus on Mary’s side would go through Uriah the Hittite, Nathan’s father and not David.  God has said He doesn’t really care about bloodlines but faith lines, and Jews are not Jews by blood but by faith and the state of their heart (Rom. 2:29).  So to ‘sit on David’s throne’ would not mean that Jesus had to be descended by blood from David.  God does not think how man thinks.

THE LINE OF JUDAH

The Old Testament prophecies said the ruler  of Israel and the nations would come from the tribe of Judah:

The scepter will not depart from Judah,
    nor the ruler’s staff from between his feet,
until he to whom it belongs shall come
    and the obedience of the nations shall be his. Genesis 49:10

The lineage of both Matthew and Luke go through Judah – Jesus was fully part of the tribe of Judah via Joseph and Mary – even a foreigner in Israel was to be part of the tribe where they resided and fully accepted as a native born.

“You are to consider them as native-born Israelites; along with you they are to be allotted an inheritance among the tribes of Israel. In whatever tribe a foreigner resides, there you are to give them their inheritance,” declares the Sovereign Lord.” Ezekiel 47:22-23

THE SEED OF THE WOMAN

The saviour who would crush sin on the head was promised via the seed of the woman: Just as Jesus was the 2nd Adam, Mary was the 2nd Eve – her destiny was tied to that of Jesus “Woman what have I to do with you my hour has not yet come”. The hour came for them both – at the cross sin was crushed on the head while the woman beheld her Son. Jesus extended a special invitation to ‘a certain one’ with whom He would share the Passover because the time was up and ‘His hour had come’: “You will see a certain man. Tell him, ‘The Teacher says: My time has come, and I will eat the Passover meal with my disciples at your house.” – Surely this was an invitation for His mother to share the last supper with His disciples (the texts defaults to masculine for unidentified people).

A SON FROM DAVID’S BOWELS – 2 Sam. 7:12

David was promised a son from his bowels who would build God a house and God would establish the throne of His Kingdom.

“And when your days be fulfilled, and you shall sleep with your fathers, I will set up your seed after you, which shall proceed out of your bowels, and I will establish his kingdom He is the one who will build a house for my Name, and I will establish the throne of his kingdom forever.  I will be his father, and he will be my son. When he does wrong, I will punish him with a rod wielded by men, with floggings inflicted by human hands.  But my love will never be taken away from him, as I took it away from Saul, whom I removed from before you.  Your house and your kingdom will endure forever before me; your throne will be established forever.’ ” 2 Sam. 7:12

Solomon and Jesus both built a house for God, yet Jesus did no wrong –“When he does wrong, I will punish him” – this phrase must be referring to Solomon.  The Kingdom of Israel did not endure – This promise was conditional and because Solomon broke the covenant the Kingdom was taken away –  I will surely tear the kingdom from you, and will give it to your servant.” (Jesus made the point that He came as a servant: Luke 20:28)

The promise to David seems to be a mix of literal and symbolic.  Solomon was literally a descendant of David and built a literal house. But the throne that would endure forever was fulfilled by David’s greater Son who was also of the ‘bowels’ of David – A man of God’s own heart.

David said “Here I am, I have come— it is written about me in the scroll. I desire to do your will, my God; your law is within my heart (same word as ‘bowels’).” Psalm 40:7

Jesus quoted this Psalm – “Here I am—it is written about me in the scroll—I have come to do your will, my God.’ ”  Heb. 10:7

Was God really concerned about David’s blood line or his faith line?

There are not just 2 Genealogies for Jesus. The gospels of Mark and John give an added perspective: see chart below:

 

To see the unfolding prophecies of Israel’s rejection of foreigners and their own Messiah see:  Revelation a Message to Israel

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