This article concerns the Book of Enoch also known as 1Enoch, Ethiopic Enoch, and the Scripture of Enoch.
The Book of Enoch was widely accepted in Judaism until the first Century CE. Tertullian c. 200 CE wrote ‘Concerning the Genuineness of the Prophecy of Enoch’ – He said it was published before the deluge (flood), edited/restored by Ezra and had been rejected by the Jews because it contained prophecies pertaining to Christ –
“I am aware that the Scripture of Enoch, which has assigned this order (of action) to angels, is not received by some, because it is not admitted into the Jewish canon either. I suppose they did not think that, having been published before the deluge, it could have safely survived that world-wide calamity…If (Noah) had not had this (conservative power) by so short a route, there would (still) be this (consideration) to warrant our assertion of (the genuineness of) this Scripture: he could equally have renewed it, under the Spirit’s inspiration, after it had been destroyed by the violence of the deluge, as, after the destruction of Jerusalem by the Babylonian storming of it, every document of the Jewish literature is generally agreed to have been restored through Ezra.But since Enoch in the same Scripture has preached likewise concerning the Lord, nothing at all must be rejected by us which pertains to us; and we read that “every Scripture suitable for edification is divinely inspired.” By the Jews it may now seem to have been rejected for that (very) reason, just like all the other (portions) nearly which tell of Christ. Nor, of course, is this fact wonderful, that they did not receive some Scriptures which spake of Him whom even in person, speaking in their presence, they were not to receive. To these considerations is added the fact that Enoch possesses a testimony in the Apostle Jude.” (c. 200 CE)
(Tertullian, On the Apparel of Women, Book 1,Ch.3 http://www.earlychristianwritings.com/text/tertullian27.html
JUDE referred to the prophecies of Enoch and endorsed him as a prophet. Daniel quotes the same passage that Jude endorsed, so Daniel must have been quoting Enoch as well. The same prophecy is also echoed in Revelation –
It seems that much of the existing Book of Enoch is echoed in the scriptures we call ‘The Bible’. PETER refers to events we only read of in Enoch such as the Judgement of Azazel and his angels –
2 Peter 2:4 For if God did not spare angels when they sinned, but sent them to hell (Tartarus), putting them in chains of darkness to be held for judgement.
|Enoch 54:4 – 55:4 For whom are these chains being prepared ? And he said to me: ‘ These are being prepared for the hosts of Azazel … cast them on that day into the burning furnace, that the Lord of Spirits may take vengeance on them for their unrighteousness in becoming subject to Satan and leading astray those who dwell on the earth.’… You mighty kings who dwell on the earth, you shall have to behold My Elect One, how he sits on the throne of glory and judges Azazel, and all his associates, and all his hosts in the name of the Lord of Spirits.’|
It’s interesting that the word translated as ‘hell’ in 2 Peter 2:4, is not Hades or Gehenna, but Tartarus. It’s not found anywhere else in the Bible, but occurs in Enoch 20:2 where the holy angel Uriel is said to have charge over Tartarus. –
Uriel, one of the holy angels, who is over the world and over Tartarus.
In the same chapter Michael, one of the other holy angels is said to have charge over the best portion of men –
Michael, one of the holy angels, to wit, he that is set over the best part of mankind ⌈⌈and⌉⌉ over chaos. Enoch 20:5
This lines up with what is said of him in Daniel
At that time Michael will arise who has charge of your people. Dan. 12:1
We can understand the symbology of Satan is by reading what is written about him in Revelation –
I saw an angel coming down out of heaven, having the key to the Abyss and holding in his hand a great chain. He seized the dragon, that ancient serpent, who is the devil, or Satan, and bound him for a thousand years. He threw him into the Abyss. Rev. 20:1-3
The language throughout Revelation is reminiscent of the language of Enoch – chains, the abyss, eternal fiery punishment. Satan morphs from the serpent of Genesis to the dragon/Satan of Revelation – highly symbolic language personifying temptation which James explains – Each person is tempted when they are dragged away by their own evil desire and enticed. James 5:14
The book of Enoch describes the punishment of the watchers who gave in to lust, enticed by Satan and were chained in Tartarus awaiting judgment. Eventually (in Revelation) Satan/The Devil is also bound, held in the abyss, and finally judged and thrown into the lake of fire (Rev. 20:10). This place of torment in Revelation gains more meaning by comparing it to the Book of Enoch –
And that valley of the Angels, who led men astray, burns under the ground. Enoch 67:6
Both Revelation and Enoch are books of symbol.
SON OF MAN
The Book of Enoch seems to be the only text (with the exception of Ps 80:17 and Daniel 7:13) outside the New Testament which uses the title “Son of Man” for the heavenly saviour of Israel. Jude endorses Enoch (quoting a passage from Enoch 2:1). Daniel also seems to endorse the same passage showing that the book of Enoch preceded the time of Daniel.
Prior to the finding of the Dead Sea Scrolls, some scholars claimed that Enoch was written after Revelation as the language is so similar. The presence of the Book of Enoch amongst the scrolls required the scholars to revise their theory, as fragments date to approx. 200 BC, well before the New Testament.
Enoch describes the days of wickedness which brought the flood of Noah’s time on the earth. Jesus likened the time before His second coming to the days of Noah –
As it was in the days of Noah, so it will be at the coming of the Son of Man. For in the days before the flood, people were eating and drinking, marrying and giving in marriage, up to the day Noah entered the ark. Matt. 24:37
A MESSAGE FOR THE FINAL GENERATION
If authentic, the Book of Enoch gives more context to the days of Noah so that the ‘watchers’ of the last generation can wake from sleep and proclaim the coming of the Lord. It specifically claims to be a message for the generation living in the last days –
“The Word of blessing of Enoch, wherewith he blessed the chosen and righteous who would be alive in the day of tribulation for the removal of all wrongdoers and backsliders… From them (angels) I heard all things, and understood what I saw; that which will not take place in this generation, but in a generation which is to succeed at a distant period, on account of the elect…The Holy Great One will come forth from His dwelling …And the eternal God will tread upon the earth, (even) on Mount Sinai. Enoch 1:1-4 … I will bring forth in shining light those who have loved My holy name, and I will seat each on the throne of his honour. And they shall be resplendent for times without number; for righteousness is the judgement of God; for to the faithful He will give faithfulness in the habitation of upright paths. Enoch 108:12-14
RENEWAL OF INTEREST
The original writings of Enoch were lost in antiquity. Complete copies of copies were preserved as part of the Ethiopian cannon of scripture which surfaced in the West in the 18th century.
Its prolific presence amongst the Dead Sea Scrolls renewed interest in what had largely been a ‘lost book’ for almost 1,000 years. The oldest date of the Dead Sea copies is approx. 300 BC – 200 BC – as old as any portion of scripture in existence baring the short section on the silver Himmon Scrolls. A complete book of 1 Enoch is said to have been taken from the Dead Sea Scrolls and sold to private investors and witnessed on microfilm (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aramaic_Enoch_Scroll).
1. LITERAL – The book of Enoch is widely regarded as the story of fallen heavenly angels (watchers) who mate with beautiful humans and produce offspring called giants (Nephilim) – the stuff of legends. This interpretation is taking a book of symbol at face value and places it in the category of a ‘Jewish Myth’. I’m sure the much misunderstood book of Revelation would have likewise been rejected were it not finally included in the church cannon of scripture – the last book to be widely accepted.
2. MANY SYMBOLS -Applying a different template transforms the entire story. In the book of Enoch the ‘Holy Angels’ who fell, are not the spiritual beings of heaven such as Michael, Gabriel, Uriel etc. The fallen angels or watchers are people who should have been living the heavenly life. Likewise, in the books of Jude and Peter, the angels who ‘fell’ are also those called to a heavenly life. The word ‘angel’ in the Bible simply means messenger. It can be a heavenly one – often referred to as ‘angel of the Lord’, or can be a mortal messenger – the context usually makes it obvious which is intended. Regrettably, most of the time translators have left it as ‘angel’ – the untranslated word meaning messenger.
John the Baptist was an angel
“I will send my messenger (same word as angel) ahead of you, who will prepare your way” – a voice of one calling in the wilderness, ‘Prepare the way for the Lord’. Mark 1:2
This passage was so obviously talking about John the Baptist it could hardly be applied to an immortal angel. But translators chose to leave it as ‘angel’ in Acts 12
When she recognized Peter’s voice, she was so overjoyed she ran back without opening it and exclaimed, “Peter is at the door!” “You’re out of your mind,” they told her. When she kept insisting that it was so, they said, “It must be his angel.” Acts 12:15
The word ‘messenger’ make more sense here. There would be messengers from Peter in prison going back and forth with word to the other disciples – not an immortal angel.
When Paul said that not even angels could separate us from God’s love, it makes much more sense that he is talking of humans – I am convinced that neither death nor life, neither angels nor demons, neither the present nor the future, nor any powers, neither height nor depth, nor anything else in all creation, will be able to separate us from the love of God that is in Christ Jesus our Lord. Rom. 8:38
When troublesome messengers came to the Corinthians regarding what women should or shouldn’t wear on their heads, it again makes much more sense that the angels were those human messengers – It is for this reason that a woman ought to have authority over her own head, because of the angels. 1 Cor. 11:10 NIV (See Confusion at Corinth )
Jude and Peter both refer to the angels in the book of Enoch and it is clear from the context they are speaking of humans. This understanding transforms the book of Enoch from a belief that it is speaking of fallen immortal angels and demons, to the understanding that it is speaking of the once Godly people who gave in to temptation. Thus the Book of Enoch becomes an ancient text worthy of consideration with the need to discern what is literal from the highly symbolic language which has led many into interpreting it as ‘doctrines about demons’ – The Spirit clearly says that in later times some will abandon the faith and follow deceiving spirits and teachings about demons. (See 1 Tim. 4:1) If the Book of Enoch is authentic, then it is endorsed as scripture.
HEIGHT OF GIANTS
Enoch 7:2 presents us with giants of 300 cubits (or 3,000 ells).
It has been suggested the huge height of the giants could be an interpolation – “Verse 2 should be corrected in favour of the Greek fragment for this passage which says nothing about the stature of the giants” Nickelsburg/Vanderkam.
However the Book of Enoch itself suggests a symbolic interpretation of height –
In the generation of my father, Jared, some from the height of
Heaven transgressed the word of the Lord. Enoch 106:13
This passages places the ‘watchers’ of Enoch in the time period of the ‘Sons of God’ in Genesis 6.
There are many examples of God using measurements symbolically – New Jerusalem is a cube with dimensions of 12,000 – yet this New Jerusalem is a bride made up of people. The 2 witnesses in Revelation 11:1 are measured – I was given a reed like a measuring rod and was told, “Go and measure the temple of God and the altar, with its worshipers (See Revelation The Time is at Hand).
It would make more sense that the huge beings of Enoch are talking of fallen ‘heavenly’ people who became corrupted who had once been measured as reaching the height of heaven.
Enoch also uses symbolic language to tell us that the righteous who inherit the earth will be like the angels –
In those days the mountains will leap like rams, and the hills will
skip like lambs satisfied with milk, and all will become Angels in Heaven. Their faces will shine with joy, for in those days the Chosen One will have risen and the earth will rejoice and the righteous will dwell on it and the chosen will walk upon it. Enoch 51:4-5
Let’s look at the contemporary record in Genesis which talks about this time period prior to the flood.
|Genesis 6:1-5||Enoch 6:1-3, 9:10|
|And it came to pass, when men began to multiply on the face of the earth, and daughters were born to them, that the sons of God saw that the daughters of men were fair; and they took them wives of all they chose…The Nephilim were in the earth in those days; and also after that, when the sons of God came in to the daughters of men, and they bore children to them, the same became mighty men which were of old, men of renown. The Lord saw how great the wickedness of the human race had become on the earth, and that every inclination of the thoughts of the human heart was only evil all the time.||And it came to pass when the sons of men had multiplied that in those days were born to them beautiful and comely daughters. And the angels, the sons of heaven, saw and lusted after them, and said to one another: ‘Come, let us choose us wives from among the children of men and beget us children.’ … And the women have borne giants, and the whole earth has thereby been filled with blood and unrighteousness.|
The similarity of the Genesis and Enoch account is apparent.
SONS OF GOD = ANGELS = SONS OF HEAVEN = WATCHERS
The ‘Sons of God’ in Genesis equate to the ‘angels’ (messengers) – the ‘sons of heaven’ in Enoch (underlined in record comparison above). The book of Enoch also refers to the angels of heaven as ‘watchers’. To Gabriel also the Lord said, Go to the biters, to the reprobates, to the children of fornication; and destroy the children of fornication, the offspring of the Watchers, from among men Enoch 10:13
The comparison of Genesis and Enoch makes it clear that the ‘fallen angels’ or ‘watchers’ were the once righteous human descendants of Seth – the ‘Sons of God’.
There are abundant examples in the Bible of the Sons of God being mortal, heavenly messengers.
All who are led by the Spirit of God are Sons of God. Rom. 8:14
In Christ Jesus you are all Sons of God, through faith Gal. 3:26
What manner of love the Father hath bestowed upon us, that we should be called the Sons of God: 1 John 3:1
The family tree of Jesus in Luke 3 goes back to God via Seth – the son of Adam, the Son of God –
The son of Noah, the son of Lamech, the son of Methuselah, the son of Enoch, the son of Jared, the son of Mahalalel, the son of Kenan, the son of Enosh, the son of Seth, the son of Adam, the son of God.
It would seem that the line of the righteous in Genesis and Enoch were referring to the line of Seth going back to God, as opposed to the line of Cain (the line of ‘Men’) who was cast out of God’s presence.
We are told in Genesis that the Nephilim had children who were ‘mighty men of renown’. The Nephilim were in the earth in those days; and also after that, when the sons of God came in to the daughters of men, and they bore children to them, the same became mighty men which were of old, men of renown. Gen. 6. The word ‘nephilim’ comes from the Hebrew word נָפַל ‘naphal’ meaning ‘to fall’ – they were the ‘Sons of God’ who had fallen from God’s ways. The same root word is applied to Nebuchadnezzar falling from heaven How art thou fallen from heaven, O Lucifer, son of the morning! Is. 14:12
The Nephilim existed before the flood and after the flood (good evidence that the flood wasn’t global). The Israelites were afraid of the Nephilim when spying out the Promised Land – There we saw the Nephilim, sons of Anak, of the Nephilim; and to ourselves we seemed like grasshoppers, and so we seemed to them.” Num. 13:33
Joshua gave to Caleb son of Jephunneh a portion in Judah—Kiriath Arba, that is, Hebron. (Arba was the forefather of Anak.) From Hebron Caleb drove out the three Anakim —Sheshai, Ahiman and Talmai, the sons of Anak. Josh. 15:13
Enoch prophesied about the angels who went astray (and their children) and called them ‘watchers’. Jude talks about the same event and calls them ‘angels’- not referring to immortal angels but mortal messengers. The fallen angels of Jude and the fallen watchers of Enoch refer to the same event and people who had once been Godly but lost their way –
Jude: v6 And the angels who did not keep their positions of authority but abandoned their proper dwelling—these he has kept in darkness, bound with everlasting chains for judgment on the great Day. …v 14 Enoch, the seventh from Adam, prophesied about them
Enoch 10 Bind them for seventy generations underneath the earth, even to the Day of Judgment, and of consummation, until the judgment, the effect of which will last for ever, be completed…And destroy all the spirits of the reprobate and the children of the Watchers, because they have wronged mankind…Then shall they be taken away into the lowest depths of the fire in torments; and in confinement shall they be shut up for ever…Immediately after this shall he, together with them, burn and perish; they shall be bound until the consummation of many generations.
The concept of falling from heaven is highly symbolic Bible language for losing power, either political or spiritual. Isaiah 14 talks about the king of Babylon falling from heaven like a star –
How you have fallen from heaven, morning star (sometimes translated as Lucifer), son of the dawn! You have been cast down to the earth, you who once laid low the nations! You said in your heart, “I will ascend to the heavens; I will raise my throne above the stars of God. Is. 14:12-13
The context of this passage is found in Isaiah 14:4: take up this proverb against the king of Babylon. This passage is not talking about a supernatural evil being – it’s talking about a mortal King – Nebuchadnezzar.
AZAZEL THE SCAPEGOAT
The symbology of the scapegoat in Leviticus takes on new meaning when compared to the story of the fallen angels in Enoch.
Enoch describes Azazel as a leader of the rebellious watchers preceding the flood. He taught men the art of warfare etc. At God’s command he was chained to the rocks of Dudael (the abyss) until the Day of Judgment when he will be cast into the fire and consumed forever. Revelation talks of the Abyss being opened at the end of days and a lake of fire which those who are judged are thrown into.
Enoch 10:8 ascribes sin to Azazel –
The whole earth has been corrupted through the works that were taught by Azazel: to him ascribe all sin.
In Leviticus 16 two male goats were to be sacrificed to God. One of the two was selected by Lot, for לַעֲזָאזֵל, “for Azazel”. This goat was then cast out in the desert as part of Yom Kippur.
In the King James Version the word Azazel is translated as “as a scapegoat”, however, in most modern English translations it is represented as a name in the text:
Aaron shall offer the bull as a sin offering for himself and shall make atonement for himself and for his house. Then he shall take the two goats and set them before the Lord at the entrance of the tent of meeting. And Aaron shall cast lots over the two goats, one lot for the Lord and the other lot for Azazel. And Aaron shall present the goat on which the lot fell for the Lord and use it as a sin offering, but the goat on which the lot fell for Azazel shall be presented alive before the Lord to make atonement over it, that it may be sent away into the wilderness to Azazel. — Leviticus 16:6-10, ESV
Azazel and his associates were to be kept in chains for 70 generations, until the day of a judgement and consummation – the effects of which would last forever –
And the Lord said to [the arch-angel] Raphael: “Bind Azazel hand and foot and throw him into the darkness!” And Raphael made a hole in the desert, which was in Dudael, and cast him there. On top of him, he threw rugged and sharp rocks. And he covered Azazel’s face in order that he may not see light and […] may be sent into the fire on the great day of judgment. […]And to Michael the Lord said: “[…] Bind them for seventy generations underneath the rocks of the ground even to the day of judgment, and of consummation, until the judgment, the effect of which will last for ever, be completed. In those days they shall be led off to the abyss of fire: and to the torment and the prison in which they shall be confined for ever. Enoch 10.4-16
This could be interpreted as keeping Azazel there until Jesus came – the effects of His sacrifice would last forever and do away with the need for a goat sent into the wilderness to Azazel – then they would go to the eternal abyss.
Luke’s record shows that there were 70 generations from Enoch (time of Azazel) to Jesus – and that Enoch was the 7th FROM ADAM (inclusive) to which Jude testified.
70 GENERATIONS FROM ENOCH WHO WAS THE 7th FROM ADAM (inclusive of Adam)
If the Jews associated this prophecy with Jesus, who they had rejected, there would be added motive for not accepting the Book of Enoch and a prophecy of judgement which terminated at the time of Christ.
In a ‘type’ of the Azazel scapegoat, we read that Jesus bore our sins. The difference was that He was innocent and the grave (abyss) could not hold Him. And God raised Him up again, putting an end to the agony of death, since it was impossible for Him to be held in its power. Acts 2:24
God and Jesus can break the chains that hold people in the abyss: Some sat in darkness, in utter darkness, prisoners suffering in iron chains… they cried to the Lord in their trouble,and he saved them from their distress. He brought them out of darkness, the utter darkness, and broke away their chains. Psalm 107:10-14
ENDORSEMENT BY CHURCH FATHERS
Barnabas quoted Enoch as Scripture regarding the demise of the temple/tower–
|For the Scripture says, “And it shall come to pass in the last days, that the Lord will deliver up the sheep of His pasture, and their sheep-fold and tower, to destruction.” Barnabas 16:5||I saw those sheep that they again erred and went many ways, and forsook that their house, and the Lord of the sheep called some from amongst the sheep and sent them to the sheep, but the sheep began to slay them…He forsook their house and their tower and gave them all into the hand of the lions…and they burnt that tower and demolished that house. Enoch 89:51,56,67|
Irenaeus referred to Enoch in The Proof of the Apostolic Preaching 18 – a condensed version of Enoch 6-8.
“And for a very long while wickedness extended and spread, and reached and laid hold upon the whole race of mankind, until a very small seed of righteousness remained among them: and illicit unions took place upon the earth, since angels were united with the daughters of the race of mankind; and they bore to them sons who for their exceeding greatness were called giants. And the angels brought as presents to their wives teachings of wickedness, in that they brought them the virtues of roots and herbs, dyeing in colours and cosmetics, the discovery of rare substances, love-potions, aversions, amours, concupiscence, constraints of love, spells of bewitchment, and all sorcery and idolatry hateful to God; by the entry of which things into the world evil extended and spread, while righteousness was diminished and enfeebled.”
ENDORSEMENT BY JESUS
To date, the book of Enoch appears to be the sole reference to the theology of angels not marrying which Jesus could have referred to when he addressed the Sadducees:
|MATTHEW: Concerning those who are raised – no marriage – just like holy angels||ENOCH: Concerning the watchers who married earthly women – no marriage to earthly women appointed by God – a reminder that they should remember their spiritual dwelling (where the holy angels are who don’t marry)|
|Jesus replied, “You are in error because you do not know the Scriptures (what Scriptures?) or the power of God. At the resurrection people will neither marry nor be given in marriage; they will be like the angels in heaven. And about the resurrection of the dead—have you not read what God said to you, ‘I am the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob’ ? He is not the God of the dead but of the living.” Matt. 22:29-32||You being spiritual, holy, and possessing a life which is eternal, have polluted yourselves with women; have begotten in carnal blood; have lusted in the blood of men; and have done as those who are flesh and blood do. These however die and perish. Therefore have I given them (your children) wives, that they might cohabit with them; that sons might be born of them; and that this might be transacted upon earth. But you from the beginning were made spiritual, possessing a life which is eternal, and not subject to death for ever. Therefore I have not appointed wives for you (with earthly women as I did for your children), because, being spiritual, your dwelling is in heaven. Enoch 15:3-7
Notice that Jesus refers to Abraham, Isaac and Jacob as being alive – Highly symbolic language. The Book of Enoch is equally symbolic. The righteous are to live the heavenly life and not take earthly wives in lust – they too posses a life which is eternal (like Abraham, Isaac and Jacob)
Those who live the kingdom life now should focus on the things of God and live as the heavenly angles do who are not married nor given in marriage. It doesn’t mean they can’t literally get married any more than we don’t literally die, but they are to put God first, as Paul said:
The remaining time is wrapping up. From now on those who have wives should live as if they do not; those who mourn, as if they did not; those who are happy, as if they were not; those who buy something, as if it were not theirs to keep; those who use the things of the world, as if not engrossed in them. For this world in its present form is passing away. 1 Cor. 7:30-31
There seems a definite connection between what Jesus referred to, and what Enoch said. It could be the ‘Scripture’ which Jesus endorsed. The Sadducees would have rejected the book of Enoch and thus not been familiar with it – they believed the only writing of divine authorship was the Torah. Perhaps we too have overlooked certain scriptures through not accepting them.
ENOCH IS ALLUDED TO BY MANY BIBLE WRITERS
|SOULS ASK FOR JUSTICE
Revelation 6:9-10 And when he had opened the fifth seal, I saw under the altar the souls of them that were slain for the word of God, and for the testimony which they held: And they cried with a loud voice, saying, How long, O Lord, holy and true, dost thou not judge and avenge our blood on them that dwell on the earth?
Enoch 9:9-12 Thus has the whole earth been filled with blood and with iniquity. And now behold the souls of those who are dead, cry out. And complain even to the gate of heaven. Their groaning ascends; nor can they escape from the unrighteousness which is committed on earth.
|WITNESS OF CREATION
Romans 1:20 For the invisible things of him from the creation of the world are clearly seen, being understood by the things that are made, even his eternal power and Godhead; so that they are without excuse
|Enoch 3:1-3 All who are in the heavens know what is transacted there. They know that the heavenly luminaries change not their paths; that each rises and sets regularly, every one at its proper period, without transgressing the commands, which they have received. They behold the earth, and understand what is there transacted, from the beginning to the end of it. They see that every work of God is invariable in the period of its appearance.|
1 Cor 6:3 Weymouth version – Do you not know that we are to sit in judgement upon angels (mortal messengers just as Enoch judged them)–to say nothing of things belonging to this life? – (I believe this applies to the present)
|As He has created and given to man the power of understanding the word of wisdom, so hath He created me also and given me the power of reprimanding the Watchers, the children of heaven. (the watchers were humans) Enoch 14:3-4|
ANCIENT OF DAYS, WHITE WOOL HAIR, THRONE FLAMING WITH FIRE
Thrones were set in place, and the Ancient of Days took his seat. His clothing was as white as snow; the hair of his head was white like wool. His throne was flaming with fire, and its wheels were all ablaze. A river of fire was flowing, coming out from before him.
Rev. 1:14 One like a Son of Man… The hair on his head was white like wool, as white as snow, and his eyes were like blazing fire.
|Enoch 46:1-3 There I beheld the Ancient of days, whose head was like white wool, and with him another, whose countenance resembled that of man.
14:18 And I saw a lofty throne: its appearance was as crystal, and the wheels thereof as the shining sun, and there was the vision of cherubim. 19. And from underneath the throne came streams of flaming fire so that I could not look thereon.
|FROM THE BEGINNING In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. The same was in the beginning with God. John 1:1-2||Enoch 48:5 The Elect and Concealed One existed in his presence, before the world was created, and for ever.|
|Matt. 5:5 Blessed are the meek, for they will inherit the earth.||Enoch 5:7 for the elect there shall be light and joy and peace, And they will inherit the earth.|
|Is 66:1 This is what the LORD says: “Heaven is my throne, and the earth is my footstool.||Enoch 84:2 And all the heavens are Thy throne for ever, and the whole earth Thy footstool for ever and ever.|
|Matt. 26:24 The Son of Man will go just as it is written about him. But woe to that man who betrays the Son of Man! It would be better for him if he had not been born.”||Enoch 38:2-5 And where the place of rest for those who have rejected the Lord of spirits? It would have been better for them, had they never been born.|
|Not even the angels in heaven knew the exact time of Jesus coming – the inference being they knew in general the events of the last generation||Enoch 1:1-2 This the angels showed me. From them I heard all things, and understood what I saw; that which will not take place in this generation, but in a generation which is to succeed at a distant period, on account of the elect.|
By faith Enoch was translated that he should not see death (escaped the flood ?); and was not found, because God had translated him: for before his translation he had this testimony, that he pleased God. 11:5
|Before all these things Enoch was concealed; nor did any one of the sons of men know where he was concealed, where he had been, and what had happened. He was wholly engaged with the holy ones, and with the Watchers in his days. Enoch 12:1-2|
|They were trampled in the winepress outside the city, and blood flowed out of the press, rising as high as the horses’ bridles for a distance of 1,600 stadia.
|Woe to those who commit iniquity, and help wrong, and kill their neighbours, until the Day of the Great Judgment; for he will throw down your glory. … And the sinner will not withhold his hand from his honoured brother from dawn until the Sun sets they will kill one another. And the horse will walk up to its chest in the blood of sinners and the chariot will sink up to its height. And in those days the Angels will come down into the hidden places, and gather together in one place all those who have helped sin, and the Most High will rise on that day to execute the Great Judgment. Enoch 100:3|
|KINGS OF THE EAST – Identified by Enoch?
The sixth angel poured out his bowl on the great river Euphrates, and its water was dried up to prepare the way for the kings from the East. Then I saw three impure spirits that looked like frogs; they came out of the mouth of the dragon, out of the mouth of the beast and out of the mouth of the false prophet. They are demonic spirits that perform signs, and they go out to the kings of the earth and the whole world, to gather them for the battle on the great day of God Almighty.
|And in those days, the Angels will gather together, and will throw themselves towards the east, upon the Parthians and Medes (Iran). They will stir up the kings so that a disturbing spirit will come upon them, and they will drive them from their thrones; and they will come out like lions from their lairs, and like hungry wolves in the middle of their flocks. And they will go up and trample on the Land of My Chosen Ones, and the land of my chosen ones will become before them a tramping-ground and a beaten track… In those days shall the mouth of hell be opened, into which they shall be immerged; hell shall destroy and swallow up sinners from the presence of the elect. Enoch 56:5-7,12|
|When the Son of man shall come in his glory, and all the holy angels with him, then shall he sit upon the throne of his glory. Matt. 25:31||Then shall pain come on them as on a woman in travail … When they see that Son of Man Sitting on the throne of his glory… And all the elect shall stand before him on that day. Enoch 62:4-8|
Thrones were set in place, and the Ancient of Days took his seat …Thousands upon thousands attended him; ten thousand times ten thousand stood before him. The court was seated,and the books were opened. Daniel 7:9-10
|And in those days I saw the Head of Days, as he sat upon the throne of his glory, and the books of the living were opened before him, and his whole host, which is in high heaven and around him, stood before him. Enoch 47:3|
|51.1 And in those days the Earth will return that which has been entrusted to it, and Sheol will return that which has been entrusted to it and that which it has received. And destruction will return what it owes. And He will choose the Righteous and the Holy from among them; for the day has come near when they must be saved.||Rev. 20:13 The sea gave up the dead that were in it, and death and Hades gave up the dead that were in them, and each person was judged according to what they had done.|
|71:5-7 And the Spirit carried Enoch off to the Highest Heaven, and I saw there, in the middle of that Light, something built of crystal stones, and in the middle of those stones tongues of living fire. And my spirit saw a circle of fire, which surrounded that house; from its four sides came rivers, full of living fire, and they surrounded that house. And round about were the Seraphim and the Cherubim, and the Ophannim; these are They Who Do Not Sleep but keep watch over the Throne of His Glory.||Acts 2:2-4 Suddenly a sound like the blowing of a violent wind came from heaven and filled the whole house where they were sitting. They saw what seemed to be tongues of fire that separated and came to rest on each of them. All of them were filled with the Holy Spirit.
Rev. 4:8 (4 living creatures who never sleep)
Each of the four living creatures had six wings and was covered with eyes all around, even under its wings. Day and night they never stop saying: “‘Holy, holy, holy is the Lord God Almighty,’ who was, and is, and is to come.”
ENOCH WAS TRANSPORTED
We are told in Hebrews that Enoch was transported so the he would not see death. The book of Enoch tells us that he was taken away from the wicked and dwelt with the righteous – perhaps he did not die in the flood. This lines up with a local flood theory, that did not destroy the entire planet but only an area in the Middle East. Thus there were Nephilim before and after the flood because they were outside the area of the flood as Enoch was.
BLESSING CONNECTION with Daniel and Revelation – to the messengers
“Word of blessing of Enoch, wherewith he blessed the chosen and righteous who would be alive in the day of tribulation for the removal of all wrongdoers and backsliders…The Holy Great One will come forth from His dwelling, And the eternal God will tread upon the earth, (even) on Mount Sinai, (Second coming)
Blessed is the one who waits for and reaches the end of the 1,335 days. Dan 12:12
Blessed is the one who reads aloud (in a perceptive way) the words of this prophecy, and blessed are those who hear it and attend to what is written in it, because the time is at hand. Rev 1:3
Those living in the days of tribulation when ‘the time is at hand’ are blessed to understand what is happening and have things to attend to.
The Days of the Son of Man are likened to the Days of Noah about which Enoch prophesied – when the watchers themselves became caught up in eating, drinking, marrying and giving in marriage to the daughters of men. When the Son of Man comes, will He find faith on the earth?
There are definitely some unusual parts to the Book of Enoch – if it is indeed the oldest written record of scripture then it is bound to have additions and corruptions over time (as the rest of the Bible).
Rabbi Simeon ben Yochai, a 2nd-century tannaitic sage and traditional compiler of the Zohar
‘Had I been alive when the Holy One, blessed be He, gave mankind the book of Enoch and the book of Adam, I would have endeavoured to prevent their dissemination, because not all wise men read them with proper attention, and thus extract from them perverted ideas, such as lead men astray from the Most High to the worship of strange powers. Now, however, the wise who understand these things keep them secret, and thereby fortify themselves in the service of their Master.’
Rabbi Simeon ben Yochai (Zohar 1:72b)
See: The Man of Lawlessness for further references in the New Testament to Enoch