The record of Jesus’ genealogy in Matthew is traced through Joseph. Jesus was fully accepted as Joseph’s son so He became the legal heir of his heritage through Solomon and David back to Abraham. However, Matthew’s gospel is particularly scathing of trust in Jewish lineage – Matt. 3:9 – “God is able from these stones to raise children to Abraham.” There are 5 women mentioned in the Matthew genealogy. The first three were foreigners, Bathsheba is included as having been the wife of Uriah (the Hittite). It is interesting that Solomon is listed as her fourth son in the Old Testament records which generally list the eldest first.
1 Chron. 3:4 “David reigned in Jerusalem thirty-three years, and these were the children born to him there: Shammua, Shobab, Nathan and Solomon. These four were by Bathsheba daughter of Ammiel.”
Solomon was born after the death of David’s and Bathsheba’s first child, so it would appear that the sons listed prior to Solomon were those from Bathsheba’s marriage to Uriah the Hittite, and they were fully adopted by David. The parable told to David about the lamb would also indicate that Uriah and Bathsheba had children who sat at their table – 2 Sam. 12:3 “The poor man had nothing except one little ewe lamb he had bought. He raised it, and it grew up with him and his children.”
The term ‘born to him (David) there’ – can refer to ‘the pedigree’ in the same way Jesus was included in the line of Joseph (in Matthew) even though he was not in the blood line of Joseph. Thus if David fully adopted the children of Uriah and Bathsheba they would be listed as David’s children.
The genealogy of Jesus via Mary is given in Luke 3 and traces his descent via Nathan, the third son of Bathsheba, not Solomon the fourth son.
The implications of David fully adopting Bathsheba’s children are that the blood line of Jesus on Mary’s side would go through Uriah the Hittite, Nathan’s father and not David. God has said He doesn’t really care about bloodlines but faith lines, and Jews are not Jews by blood but by faith and the state of their heart (Rom. 2:29). So to ‘sit on David’s throne’ would not mean that Jesus had to be descended by blood from David. God does not think how man thinks.
THE LINE OF JUDAH
The Old Testament prophecies said the ruler of Israel and the nations would come from the tribe of Judah:
The scepter will not depart from Judah,
nor the ruler’s staff from between his feet,
until he to whom it belongs shall come
and the obedience of the nations shall be his. Genesis 49:10
The lineage of both Matthew and Luke go through Judah – Jesus was fully part of the tribe of Judah via Joseph and Mary – even a foreigner in Israel was to be part of the tribe where they resided and fully accepted as a native born.
“You are to consider them as native-born Israelites; along with you they are to be allotted an inheritance among the tribes of Israel. In whatever tribe a foreigner resides, there you are to give them their inheritance,” declares the Sovereign Lord.” Ezekiel 47:22-23
When Israel first entered the Promised Land they understood that gentiles could be fully accepted as Israelites. Joshua and Caleb were the 2 faithful spies. Caleb represented the tribe of Judah, but he was a Kennite by birth – a native Canaanite of the land, but fully adopted into Israel by faith, not by birth. God always intended the expansion of true Israel by this method.
THE SEED OF THE WOMAN
The saviour who would crush sin on the head was promised via the seed of the woman: Just as Jesus was the 2nd Adam, Mary was the 2nd Eve – her destiny was tied to that of Jesus “Woman what have I to do with you my hour has not yet come”. The hour came for them both – at the cross sin was crushed on the head while the woman beheld her Son. Jesus extended a special invitation to ‘a certain one’ with whom He would share the Passover because the time was up and ‘His hour had come’:
Matt. 26:18 “Go into the city to such a one. Tell him, ‘The Teacher says: My time has come, and I will eat the Passover meal with my disciples
at your house.” – Surely this was an invitation for His mother to share the last supper with His disciples (the texts defaults to masculine for unidentified people).
A SON FROM DAVID’S BOWELS – 2 Sam. 7:12
David was promised a son from his bowels who would build God a house and God would establish the throne of His Kingdom.
“And when your days be fulfilled, and you shall sleep with your fathers, I will set up your seed after you, which shall proceed out of your bowels, and I will establish his kingdom He is the one who will build a house for my Name, and I will establish the throne of his kingdom forever. I will be his father, and he will be my son. When he does wrong, I will punish him with a rod wielded by men, with floggings inflicted by human hands. But my love will never be taken away from him, as I took it away from Saul, whom I removed from before you. Your house and your kingdom will endure forever before me; your throne will be established forever.’ ” 2 Sam. 7:12
Solomon and Jesus both built a house for God, yet Jesus did no wrong –“When he does wrong, I will punish him” – this phrase must be referring to Solomon. The Kingdom of Israel did not endure – This promise was conditional and because Solomon broke the covenant the Kingdom was taken away – I will surely tear the kingdom from you, and will give it to your servant.” (Jesus made the point that He came as a servant: Luke 20:28)
The promise to David seems to be a mix of literal and symbolic. Solomon was literally a descendant of David and built a literal house. But the throne that would endure forever was fulfilled by David’s greater Son who was also of the ‘bowels’ of David – A man of God’s own heart.
David said “Here I am, I have come— it is written about me in the scroll. I desire to do your will, my God; your law is within my heart (same word as ‘bowels’).” Psalm 40:7
Jesus quoted this Psalm – “Here I am—it is written about me in the scroll—I have come to do your will, my God.’ ” Heb. 10:7
Was God really concerned about David’s blood line or his faith line?
David and Bathsheba were caught in the sin of adultery together. But from Bathsheba would come the seed (Jesus – via Nathan) who would be the way back to God for all sinners. She was a forgiven and blessed woman.
To consider the intriguing possibility that Nathan was the subject of the Song of Solomon see: Song of Solomon – The Ultimate Love Story
See the exciting, unfolding prophecies of Jesus 2nd coming at this link Signs of Jesus Second Coming
To consider whether the Jews were right to divorce foreigners at the end of the Old Testament see : The Elijah Message of Malachi
To see the unfolding prophecies of Israel’s rejection of foreigners and their own Messiah see: Revelation a Message to Israel