TIMES & DATES –
Jesus encouraged us to be watching for His return which will take many by surprise –
“About that day or hour no man knows.” Matt. 24:36.
The context of this passage is given in verse 44 “So you also must be ready, because the Son of Man will come at an hour when you do not expect him.” The purpose of this passage is to make sure we are ready to meet Jesus.
The wise men of the east knew to expect Jesus first coming and were watching for it. We can likewise understand the time of his second coming and Daniel gives us a timeline with the words “the wise will understand” (See ‘The Seals are Opened‘ )
Daniel understood prophecy times, and also gave us prophecy times to understand. He knew from Jeremiah’s prophecies that the accomplishment of the ‘desolation of Jerusalem’ would be 70 years. He also understood that Jerusalem’s fate was bound to the other nations also controlled by Babylon –
“This whole land shall be a desolation, and an astonishment; and these nations shall serve the king of Babylon 70 years.” Jer 25:11 “When seventy years are completed for Babylon” Jer 29:10
Babylon did not take over all the surrounding nations at the same time, but basically, the kingdom of Babylon lasted 70 years from the time the Assyrian stronghold at Harran fell to them in 609BC, until Cyrus conquered Babylon in 539 BC.
“In the first year of Darius son of Xerxes a Mede by descent (ruled with Cyrus 539 BC), who was made ruler over the Babylonian kingdom – in the first year of his reign, I, Daniel, understood from the Scriptures, according to the word of the Lord given to Jeremiah the prophet, even 70 years for the accomplishment of the desolation of Jerusalem.” Dan. 9:2
This was the year 539 BC (the termination of the 70 yr prophecy) when Cyrus the Persian conquered Babylon. Clearly the 70 year prophecy was for the Kingdom of Babylon – the desolation of Jerusalem was only a part of that. It didn’t mean Jerusalem would be controlled by Babylon for 70 years, but Jerusalem’s captivity would end when the 70 years for Babylon were ended. The whole 70 years did however coincide with Jerusalem coming under foreign rule – first the Egyptians, then the Babylonians. Knowing the date of the end of the 70 years as 539 BC, gives us the date of the start – 609 BC.
CONTINUAL COVENANT BROKEN
Thus 609 BC was when God’s continual covenant with Israel was broken and they came under foreign rule without a rightful King – a situation that would continue until the crown is restored to its rightful owner. 609 BC was pivotal year.
‘You profane and wicked prince of Israel, whose day has come, whose time of punishment has reached its climax, this is what the Sovereign Lord says: Take off the turban, remove the crown. It will not be as it was: The lowly will be exalted and the exalted will be brought low. A ruin! A ruin! I will make it a ruin! The crown will not be restored until he to whom it rightfully belongs shall come; to him I will give it.’ Ezek 21:25-7
Daniel knew the 70 years was up in 539 BC, but still no word had gone out to return to Jerusalem, so he prayed. As soon as he petitioned God the word went out. But God had bad news for Daniel, it was going to take 70 ‘7’s before the Jews and Jerusalem would be restored – this included ‘THE GAP’ when the Jews would again be dispersed and the land desolate – For full explanation of the 70 week prophecy including the time of Jesus first coming & ‘The GAP’ See: alsowritten.wordpress.com – timelines – Daniel 9 – 70 Weeks
DANIEL 12 ‘TIME OF BLESSING’
The starting date for the Daniel 12 prophecy concerning the ‘TIME OF BLESSING’ is the same as the starting date for the 70 years of desolation. The prophecy says the time starts from the turning aside of the perpetual or continual (covenant).
“From the time that the continual [?] shall be taken away, and the abomination that makes desolate set up, there shall be one thousand two hundred ninety days.”
The pivotal point seems to be 609 BC – the death of the last good King Josiah, and the point is made that even he turned aside from God’s command on the plain of Megiddo
2 Chron 35:22 “Josiah, however, would not turn away from him, but disguised himself to engage him in battle. He would not listen to what Necho had said at God’s command but went to fight him on the plain of Megiddo.”
Thus Megiddo becomes the place God finally cast off Judah. Appropriate that Rev. 16 refers to the mountain of Megiddo because the place of their demise will be the place of their repentance – when this occurs the valley will become a mountain (great nation). Armageddon means “the mountain of Megiddo”
Daniel’s prayer in ch 9 referred to the turning aside (H5493) of Israel from God’s covenant from 609BC (start of 70 yr captivity) – Dan 9:5
|Dan 9:5 We have sinned, and have committed iniquity, and have done wickedly, and have rebelled, even by turning aside (H5493) from thy precepts and from thy judgments:||Dan 12:11 and from the time of the turning aside (H5493) of the perpetual (?), and to the giving out of the desolating abomination, are days a thousand, two hundred, and ninety.|
So when God gave the Daniel 12 prophecy to Daniel and referred to the time of the “turning aside” Daniel would have understood it to mean 609 BC – when even Josiah turned aside and was cut off in the valley of Megiddo – and when God turned aside or took away His covenant with the Jews because they turned away from Him.
Daniel would have been aware of God’s words to Josiah via Huldah
“This is what the Lord says: I am going to bring disaster
on this place and its people—all the curses written in the book
that has been read in the presence of the king of Judah.”
2 Chron 34:24
3 KEY EVENTS occur in Dan 8 and Dan 12
“From the time that the continual (sacrifice?/covenant?) is taken away, and the abomination that makes desolate is set up, there shall be 1290 days. Blessed is he who waits and comes to the 1335 days”. Dan 12:11-12
1.Removal of continual covenant / 2. Setting up of Abomination of Desolation / 3. The Time of Blessing
Daniel 12 is repeating what happened in Daniel 8. The Jews understood the events of Daniel 8 as applying to Antiochus Epiphanes and wrote about them in Maccabees. Daniel 12 refers to similar events which began with the removal of God’s covenant with the Jews (ruling land with rightful King/Priest), and applies them to a greater time of blessing.
Instead of 2300 days – we are given different times – 1290 days followed by 1335 days/years
609 BCE – Removal of Continual Covenant – Israel under foreign rule without rightful king. (609 BC Coincided with start of 70 yrs for Babylon which ended 16th Tishri 539 BCE – (See Nabonidus Chronicle) or 5/6 Oct 539 BCE Gregorian calendar – Yom Kippur – appropriate time for Babylon to be conquered and Jews freed)
ADD 1290 YEARS
682 CE ( add a year when passing zero ) – Abd Allahibn al-Zubay conquered Mecca and stopped pilgrims coming to the Hajj. Abd al-Malik the Umayyad Caliph, responded by creating a new holy site. He designated the Temple Mount in Jerusalem the “Farthest Mosque”. Jerusalem was now a holy site for Islam. Dome of Rock built soon after. Just prior to this in 680 CE Oct 10 (Yom Kippur) – Battle of Karbala – separated Sunni and Shi’a Islam.
ADD 1335 YEARS
2017 – If this interpretation is correct then the ‘Time of Blessing‘ brings us to the time described in Rev 1:3 when those who understand the word attend to it, because the “Time is at Hand”. They proclaim (as John the Baptist did) that the time is near and Jesus is coming soon.
“Blessed is the one who reads (perceives) the words of this prophecy, and blessed are those who hear it and attend to what is written in it, because the time is near.” Rev. 1:3 Revelation continues where Daniel left off- “Blessed is the one who remains and comes to the 1335 days.” Dan. 12:12 There is work to be done, these are the days of Elijah.