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|was one of Albert Speer‘s first works for the Nazi party and was based upon the Pergamon Altar.)
The deceptive spirit of ‘Satan’, once in Pergamum persecuting God’s witness Antipas, was now in Nazi Germany persecuting God’s witnesses the Jews.
|3One of the heads of the beast seemed to have had a fatal wound, but the fatal wound had been healed. The whole world was filled with wonder and followed the beast. 4People worshiped the dragon because he had given authority to the beast, and they also worshiped the beast and asked, “Who is like the beast? Who can wage war against it?”||This is the overview of the beast which is the 7th head.
The Nazi ‘beast’ seemed to be fatally wounded after WW11. It was the spirit of Anti-Semitism. This spirit has made a disturbing comeback amongst Islamic extremists.
It was Anti-Semitism which united Nazi Germany and Muslims near the end of WW11. Hitler’s Waffen-SS 13th division was largely Muslim – seen here at prayer during their training at Neuhammer in November 1943
The spirit of Nazi Germany to exterminate Jews is rekindled by the spirit of radical Islam. Thus the wounded head revived in a new guise.
|5The beast was given a mouth to utter proud words and blasphemies and to exercise its authority for forty-two months.||The German beast unleashed it’s ‘final solution’ on the Jews for a literal 42 months –
Throughout the Bible literal periods happen first as a pointer to the ‘type’ or representative periods which follow. The 42 month witness of ‘The Beast’ is the antitype of the 42 month witness of ‘The Lamb’. Hitler tried for 42 months to exterminate the Jews, this work will be continued by the final beast.
Hitler and the Grand Mufti of Jerusalem1941 – the same aim -eradicate the Jews.
|er 11 also bring fire from heaven (God empowers them though they are in disbelief at present). Elijah also brought fire from heaven -signs are either real or fake – a real sign and wonder from God – or a pretend sign and wonder
Radical Islam claims to have the backing of Allah
2 Thes 2:9 The coming of the lawless one will be in accordance with how Satan works. He will use all sorts of displays of power through signs and wonders that serve the lie.
Radical Islam claim to have ‘fire from heaven’ – they have called for a ‘Holy War’ in fulfilment of Joel 3:9
Proclaim this among the nations: “Prepare for a holy war! (sanctify war) Call out the warriors! Joel 3:9 NET Bible
|It ordered them to set up an image in honour of the beast who was wounded by the sword and yet lived. 15The second beast was given power to give breath to the image of the first beast, so that the image could speak and cause all who refused to worship the image to be slain.||WORSHIP OR BE KILLED
Copying the language of the image of Babylon– “Whoever does not fall down and worship will immediately be thrown into a blazing furnace.” Dan 3:6 –
All German citizens had to salute Hitler by law
In a similar manner of ‘Worship or Be Killed’ – extreme Islamists believe those who refuse to convert to Islam should be killed.
|It also forced all people, great and small, rich and poor, free and slave, to receive a mark on their right hands or on their foreheads, 17so that they could not buy or sell unless they had the mark, which is the name of the beast or the number of its name.||We have the ‘mark of the beast’ or the mark of ‘The Lamb’. We belong to the Kingdom of Men or the Kingdom of Heaven – we worship God or man|
|This calls for wisdom. Let the person who has insight calculate the number of the beast, for it is the number of a man. That number is 666.||The number of humanity – See – 666 – Counting the Number of the Beast|
.REVELATION 14 – THE 144,000
This chapter opens with the Lamb on Mt Zion (Jesus). He is still surrounded by the four living creatures and 24 elders of chapter 4 so it’s still a ‘type’ of the tabernacle. With him are 144,000 without fault – redeemed and ‘firstfruits’. These 144,000 are without fault and virgins for they have been covered in white robes of righteous by Jesus and all their past is swept away. They are added to the tabernacle ‘type’ by belonging to the 12 tribes of Israel.
|Time of Events||REVELATION 14|
|The 144,000– the firstfruits – the dead in Christ who rise first ?||Then I looked, and behold, a Lamb standing on Mount Zion, and with Him one hundred and forty-four thousand, having His Father’s name written on their foreheads. 2 And I heard a voice from heaven, like the voice of many waters, and like the voice of loud thunder. And I heard the sound of harpists playing their harps. 3 They sang as it were a new song before the throne, before the four living creatures, and the elders; and no one could learn that song except the hundred and forty-four thousand who were redeemed from the earth. 4 These are the ones who were not defiled with women, for they are virgins. These are the ones who follow the Lamb wherever He goes. These were redeemed from among men, being firstfruits to God and to the Lamb. 5 And in their mouth was found no deceit,for they are without fault before the throne of God.||The 144,000 have the name of God on their forehead… a contrast to having the mark of the beast on forehead in previous chapter|
|The hour of judgement – messengers of church still preaching||6 Then I saw another angel flying in the midst of heaven, having the everlasting gospel to preach to those who dwell on the earth—to every nation, tribe, tongue, and people— 7 saying with a loud voice, “Fear God and give glory to Him, for the hour of His judgment has come; and worship Him who made heaven and earth, the sea and springs of water.”
|Mark 16:15 “Go into all the world and preach the gospel to all creation.|
|Messengers of church proclaim the fall of Babylon and explain her collapse||And another angel followed, saying, “Babylon is fallen, is fallen, that great city, because she has made all nations drink of the wine of the wrath of her fornication.”|
|Messengers of church warn of worshipping the beast||Then a third angel followed them, saying with a loud voice, “If anyone worships the beast and his image, and receives his mark on his forehead or on his hand, 10 he himself shall also drink of the wine of the wrath of God, which is poured out full strength into the cup of His indignation. He shall be tormented with fire and brimstone in the presence of the holy angels and in the presence of the Lamb. 11 And the smoke of their torment ascends forever and ever; and they have no rest day or night, who worship the beast and his image, and whoever receives the mark of his name.”||The illusion here is to the image set up in the plain of Dura… It’s dimensions were 60 x 6 – people worshipped it
Revelation increases the image emphasis to
600, 60, 6
|Then I heard a voice from heaven saying to me, “Write: ‘Blessed are the dead who die in the Lord from now on.’”|
|A messenger from the temple (church) proclaims it’s time to harvest the earth||Then I looked, and behold, a white cloud, and on the cloud sat One like the Son of Man, having on His head a golden crown, and in His hand a sharp sickle. 15 And another angel came out of the temple, crying with a loud voice to Him who sat on the cloud, “Thrust in Your sickle and reap, for the time has come for You to reap, for the harvest of the earth is ripe.” 16 So He who sat on the cloud thrust in His sickle on the earth, and the earth was reaped.||An echo here of Daniel reminding God that the time was up – Dan 9:2 I, Daniel, understood by the books the number of the years specified by the word of the Lord through Jeremiah the prophet, that He would accomplish seventy years in the desolations of Jerusalem….v23 At the beginning of your supplications the command went out (thus prayer has an effect) Likewise we can understand from Daniel 12 that the time is almost up:|
|A messenger comes out from the altar – Perhaps Elijah figure with his power over fire – at this stage the dead in Christ are raised. The earth is harvested.||8 And another angel came out from the altar, who had power over fire, and he cried with a loud cry to him who had the sharp sickle, saying, “Thrust in your sharp sickle and gather the clusters of the vine of the earth, for her grapes are fully ripe.” 19 So the angel thrust his sickle into the earth and gathered the vine of the earth, and threw it into the great winepress of the wrath of God. 20 And the winepress was trampled outside the city, and blood came out of the winepress, up to the horses’ bridles, for one thousand six hundred furlongs.||Brings us to the time of the kingdom|
REVELATION 16 – the BOWLS
EARTHY PEOPLE JUDGED
The bowls are a reminder of Belshazzar’s feast where God was mocked by His holy vessels being used to worship the God’s of Babylon. The Kingdom of Babylon/Men is being judged. The bowls they have mocked God with are being used to pour judgement back onto them.
The plagues poured out of the 7 bowls copy the seven days of the earthly creation. They are days of judgement – of those caught up in the earthly Kingdom of men. The witness of God’s beautiful creation failed to impact on these people, they hardened their hearts against God, so God turns the things of creation back onto them as plagues which are similar to the plagues on Egypt. It is a time of last day witness before Jesus returns. It’s happening now.
There is also an allusion to Daniel with God’s wrath poured out of vials – picking up the “pouring out” language of Dan 9:27
“He will make a firm covenant with many for one week, but in the middle of the week he will put a stop to sacrifice and offering. (Death of Jesus followed by Jews expelled from Israel – gap in prophecy until the pouring out of God’s
Wrath begins) And the abomination of desolation will be on a wing of the temple until the decreed destruction is poured out on the desolator.”
In this chapter heaven, earth, sea, springs of water have symbolic meanings as well as literal.
Fear God and give glory to Him, for the hour of His judgment has come; and worship Him who made heaven and earth, the sea and springs of water.” Rev 14
EARTH = Corrupt man John 3:31
HEAVEN = Those who do the will of God John 3:31
SEA = Godless Nations Rev 17:15
SPRINGS OF WATER = Godly People John 4:14 “Whoever drinks the water I give them will never thirst. Indeed, the water I give them will become in them a spring of water welling up to eternal life.”
Revelation 16 – Judgement on ‘The Earth’
The 7 cups of God’s wrath are poured onto the earth. The word for earth here is “ge” –the equivalent of the Hebrew “eretz” in Old Testament (Compare Greek Septuagint with Hebrew) – the earth ‘ge’ often applies to “The Land” – The Land promised to Abraham between Nile and Euphrates. When the wider world is intended other Greek words like ‘cosmos’ or ‘oikoumene’ are often used. From the context, these judgments are in the area of Israel yet not on Israel – they are on her Arab neighbours and are a witness that Jesus is coming soon. In a similar manner the judgements before entry into the promised land were on Egypt and not on Israel dwelling in Goshen. While these judgements are happening on the Arabs, Israel has fire power to turn on them at will as per Revelation 11:5 “If anyone tries to harm them, fire comes from their mouths and devours their enemies.” Israel prophesies for 1260 days clothed in sackcloth while the judgements are poured on her neighbours.
These judgements are in the days of the “Ten Toe Kings” – the Arab nations occupying the Promised Land as per the 10 nations of Gen 15:18 -21 and Psalm 83 (10 Arab nations occupying same area – names change according to time in history) in the days when Jesus will return and set up God’s Kingdom – “In the time of those kings, the God of heaven will set up a kingdom that will never be destroyed” Dan 2:44
The dysfunction of the Arab nations to get along with each other was described by God as the inability of iron to mix with clay. “Just as you saw the iron mixed with baked clay, so the people will be a mixture and will not remain united, any more than iron mixes with clay.” Dan 2:43
|1Then I heard a loud voice from the temple saying to the seven angels, “Go, pour out the seven bowls of God’s wrath on the earth.”||EARTH – Symbol of corrupt man
John 3:31 The one who comes from above is above all; the one who is from the earth belongs to the earth, and speaks as one from the earth.
Heaven – place of the righteous: Earth and Sea are inhabited by the unrighteous:
Rev 12:12 Rejoice you heavens, and you that dwell in them. Woe to the inhabiters of the earth and of the sea! for the devil is come down to you
|The 7 cups of God’s wrath are poured onto Babylon – Symbol of Kingdoms of Men and sign to world to repent.
Similar in manner to plagues on Egypt – a last day witness
The plagues occur in the land of Ancient Babylon – modern day Iraq/Syria
|The first angel went and poured out his bowl on the land, and ugly, festering sores broke out on the people||SORES: symbol of spiritual illness
Is 1:5 Why do you persist in rebellion?Your whole head is injured,your whole heart afflicted.From the sole of your foot to the top of your head there is no soundness—only wounds and welts and open sores, not cleansed or bandaged or soothed with olive oil.
|Sores are both symbolic and literal ?
Compare to Rev 16:10 The fifth angel poured out his bowl on the throne of the beast, and its kingdom was plunged into darkness. People gnawed their tongues in agony 11and cursed the God of heaven because of their pains and their sores, but they refused to repent of what they had done.
The sores in v11 are referring back to the ones in verse 2…all the same thing and happening now !
|who had the mark of the beast and worshiped its image.||BEAST: “Count the number of the beast: for it is humanity’s number”
6 is the number of man (made on 6th day)
60 – 10 fold emphasis (dimensions of golden image 60 x6 Dan. 3:1 Nebuchadnezzar the king made an image of gold, the height of which was sixty cubits and its width six cubits; he set it up on the plain of Dura in the province of Babylon.)
600 – 100 fold (used for emphasis Luke 8:8)
600 60 6- The Kingdom of Man is at it’s maximum
|The ‘Kingdom of Men’ is being numbered – allusion to worshipping golden image in plain of Dura whose dimensions were 60 x 6|
|The second angel poured out his bowl on the sea, and it turned into blood like that of a dead person, and every living thing in the sea died.||SEA – people
Revelation 17:15 “The waters you saw, where the prostitute sits, are peoples, multitudes, nations and languages.
Jer 51:41 How desolate Babylon will be among the nations! The sea will rise over Babylon; its roaring waves will cover her.
|SEA (multitudes) filled with blood of dead people
“More than 76,000 people were killed in Syria‘s brutal civil conflict in 2014, making it the bloodiest year since the country’s war erupted almost four years ago, a monitoring group said Thursday.” Etc.
|The third angel poured out his bowl on the rivers and springs of water, and they became blood. 5Then I heard the angel in charge of the waters say:
“You are just in these judgments, O Holy One, you who are and who were; for they have shed the blood of your holy people and your prophets,
and you have given them blood to drink as they deserve.” And I heard the altar respond: “Yes, Lord God Almighty, true and just are your judgments.”
|Jer 51:35 May the violence done to our fleshf be on Babylon,” say the inhabitants of Zion. “May our blood be on those who live in Babylonia,” says Jerusalem.
Therefore this is what the Lord says:
“See, I will defend your cause and avenge you; I will dry up her sea and make her springs dry.
|Christians in Iraq killed or fled – they were the rivers and springs of water giving life – the land in spiritual darkness without them. Their blood spilled in the land.
Christians beheaded and crucified
|The fourth angel poured out his bowl on the sun, and the sun was allowed to scorch people with fire.9They were seared by the intense heat and they cursed the name of God, who had control over these plagues, but they refused to repent and glorify him.||Heat Wave in Iraq:|
|The fifth angel poured out his bowl on the throne of the beast, and its kingdom was plunged into darkness. People gnawed their tongues in agony 11and cursed the God of heaven because of their pains and their sores, but they refused to repent of what they had done.||The Beast is Babylon (symbol of Kingdoms of Men).
The throne of the Beast is the area of Iraq and Syria – the Old Kingdom of Babylon.
When the Kingdom is in darkness there are no righteous rulers – John 3:19 Men loved darkness rather than light, because their deeds were evil.
|Day turned to night as burning oil wells blocked the sun
|The sixth angel poured out his bowl on the great river Euphrates, and its water was dried up to prepare the way for the kings from the East.||The Euphrates – a symbol of the Assyrians
Is 8:7 the Lord is about to bring against them
the mighty floodwaters of the Euphrates—
the king of Assyria with all his pomp.
It will overflow all its channels,
run over all its banks
Jer 2:18 And why go to Assyria to drink water from the Euphrates?
|Old Promised Land Borders dry up because the Kingdom of God will fill the whole world – maybe the drying up of the euphrates means the border of the promised land will no longer be there… God’s kingdom will extend beyond the old borders and fill the whole earth. The rivers were the border between the Kingdoms of Men and the Kingdom of God (literal Israel)…
In Is. 8 the Euphrates was the symbol of the King of Assyria and his army. ISIS (latter day Assyrian back from the dead – mortal wound healed) has controlled the Euphrates valley – their power there is drying up – they could be the little horn of Daniel 7 who dominate 3 other Arab nations in the promised land. So far they have dominated Syria and Iraq – there is yet one more place they may arise to attack Israel (possibly Sinai/Jordan) as per Daniel 7:24-5 ” The ten horns are ten kings who will come from this kingdom. After them another king will arise, different from the earlier ones; he will subdue three kings. 25He will speak against the Most High and oppress his holy people and try to change the set times and the laws. The holy people will be delivered into his hands for a time, times and half a time.”
Literal: The Euphrates is drying up
|13Then I saw three impure spirits that looked like frogs; they came out of the mouth of the dragon, out of the mouth of the beast and out of the mouth of the false prophet.||The dragon and beast are 2 sides of same coin: Rev 13:2 The dragon gave the beast his power and his throne and great authority. 3One of the heads of the beast seemed to have had a fatal wound, but the fatal wound had been healed. The whole world was filled with wonder and followed the beast. 4People worshiped the dragon because he had given authority to the beast, and they also worshiped the beast and asked, “Who is like the beast? Who can wage war against it?”
DRAGON: The Deceiver: Rev 20:2 He seized the dragon, that ancient serpent, who is the devil, or Satan, and bound him for a thousand years.
BEAST: Kingdoms of Men – Composite of Land of 7 nations/kings in the days of the ten toe rulers (Arabs)
FALSE PROPHET: Muhammed
|FROGS: The plague of frogs in Egypt permeated every part of life.
Ex 8:3 I will send a plague of frogs on your whole country. 3The Nile will teem with frogs. They will come up into your palace and your bedroom and onto your bed, into the houses of your officials and on your people, and into your ovens and kneading troughs. 4The frogs will come up on you and your people and all your officials.’ ”
So too will the spirit of deception which the Dragon the Beast and the False prophet use to draw men to the battle of Armageddon.
|14They are demonic spirits that perform signs, and they go out to the kings of the whole world, to gather them for the battle on the great day of God Almighty.
15“Look, I come like a thief! Blessed is the one who stays awake and remains clothed, so as not to go naked and be shamefully exposed.”
16Then they gathered the kings together to the place that in Hebrew is called Armageddon.
|The signs that are performed may be a reference to the “miracles” in the Koran – which state
“We shall show them Our Signs in the Universe and within their own selves, until it becomes clear to them that this is the Truth.”Qur’an 41:53
“In those days and at that time, when I restore the fortunes of Judah and Jerusalem, I will gather all nations and bring them down to the Valley of Jehoshaphat. There I will put them on trial for what they did to my inheritance, my people Israel, because they scattered my people among the nations and divided up my land.
|The ‘Kingdoms of Men’ will gather at Armageddon and God will judge them.|
|The seventh angel poured out his bowl into the air, and out of the temple came a loud voice from the throne, saying, “It is done!” 18Then there came flashes of lightning, rumblings, peals of thunder and a severe earthquake. No earthquake like it has ever occurred since mankind has been on earth, so tremendous was the quake. 19The great city split into three parts, and the cities of the nations collapsed. God remembered Babylon the Great and gave her the cup filled with the wine of the fury of his wrath. 20Every island fled away and the mountains could not be found. 21From the sky huge hailstones, each weighing about a hundred pounds,a fell on people. And they cursed God on account of the plague of hail, because the plague was so terrible.||The great earthquake is linked to the return of Jesus – Zechariah 14:4|
The HARLOT, THE BEAST & BABYLON
These chapters concern the harlot who sits on seven hills, the beast she rides and Mystery Babylon.
BABYLON IS NOT CODE FOR ROME
A traditional view is that the seven hills and beast are Rome and the harlot is the Catholic
Church. This view has no basis in the Bible.
The idea that Babylon = Rome arose from Church Fathers such as Irenaeus who wanted to establish the supremacy of the Roman Catholic Church. They presented the interpretation that Peter’s greeting to the church in Babylon was really a code for Rome to protect Christians suffering persecution. The persecution of Christians at this time was sporadic and limited. There are no other examples of people or places resorting to code names. It seems a suggestion of the Orthodox Church only, to use as Biblical evidence that Peter was in Rome.
Claim of Irenaeus Concerning Roman Church
“It would be very tedious, in such a volume as this, to reckon up the successions of all the Churches, we do put to confusion all those who, in whatever manner, whether by an evil self-pleasing, by vainglory, or by blindness and perverse opinion, assemble in unauthorized meetings; [we do this, I say,] by indicating that tradition derived from the apostles, of the very great, the very ancient, and universally known Church founded and organized at Rome by the two most glorious apostles, Peter and Paul; as also [by pointing out] the faith preached to men, which comes down to our time by means of the successions of the bishops. For it is a matter of necessity that every Church should agree with this Church, on account of its preeminent authority, that is, the faithful everywhere, inasmuch as the tradition has been preserved continuously by those [faithful men] who exist everywhere.” (Irenaeus, Against Heresies, Book 3 Chapter 3 Section 2)
Rome is not built on seven literal hills – Vatican hill is not one of the seven – Paul did not establish the church there and there is no evidence that Peter ever went there. (For a fuller explanation see chapter one ‘Under the Banner of Love’ http://www.lulu.com/spotlight/alsowritten)
Sixty cities in the world claim to be built on seven hills because they want to be known as a great or complete city (refer to wiki ‘cities on seven hills’).
The answers for the identity of the harlot and the seven hills are within the Bible – once again God’s focus is on His special witnesses Israel. It is the nation of Israel who ‘played the harlot’ and focussed on commerce rather than God. The harlot who sits on many waters – meaning she has many lovers. Hosea 1:2 “Like an adulterous wife this land is guilty of unfaithfulness to the LORD.”
7 HEADS AND 10 HORNS
Israel – the land of 7 nations is described in 3 passages
|Deut 7:1 When the LORD your God brings you into the land you are entering to possess and drives out before you many nations–the Hittites, Girgashites, Amorites, Canaanites, Perizzites, Hivites and Jebusites, seven nations larger and stronger than you—||JOSH 3:10 This is how you will know that the living God is among you and that he will certainly drive out before you the Canaanites, Hittites, Hivites, Perizzites, Girgashites, Amorites and Jebusites.||ACTS 13:19 and he overthrew seven nations in Canaan, giving their land to his people as their inheritance|
Israel took the land of Canaan… the land of 7 nations, but Abraham was promised the area between the Nile and Euphrates – a land of 10 nations.
GEN 15:18 “To your descendants I give this land, from the Wadi[e] of Egypt to the great river, the Euphrates— 19 the land of the Kenites, Kenizzites, Kadmonites, 20 Hittites, Perizzites, Rephaites, 21 Amorites, Canaanites, Girgashites and Jebusites.”
This area includes the 10 nations surrounding Israel listed in Psalm 83 –
With one mind they plot together;
they form an alliance against you—
6 the tents of Edom and the Ishmaelites,
of Moab and the Hagrites,
7 Byblos, Ammon and Amalek,
Philistia, with the people of Tyre.
8 Even Assyria has joined them
to reinforce Lot’s descendants.[b]
This list is a focus on Abraham’s other relatives through Hagar, Ishmael, Lot and Esau – they also possessed the land promised to Abraham.
|Promise to Hagar – Gen 21:18 God heard the boy crying, and the angel of God called to Hagar from heaven and said to her, “What is the matter, Hagar? Do not be afraid; God has heard the boy crying as he lies there. 18 Lift the boy up and take him by the hand, for I will make him into a great nation.”||Promise to Lot – Deut 2:9 Then the Lord said to me, “Do not harass the Moabites or provoke them to war, for I will not give you any part of their land. I have given Ar to the descendants of Lot as a possession.”||Promise to Esau – Hebrews 11:20 “By faith Isaac blessed Jacob and Esau concerning things to come.”
Gen 27:39 “Your dwelling will be away from the earth’s richness,
This area of 7 nations and 10 nations, is the beast with 7 heads and 10 horns.
The River of Egypt was ruled by the Egyptians at the time of the promise to Abraham. The River Euphrates was ruled by Babylon. Jeremiah lists 10 nations beginning with Egypt and ending with Babylon which are doomed for destruction – SEE Chapters 46-50. Jeremiah 50 is quoted throughout Rev 18 and becomes the symbol for the destruction of the Kingdoms of Men.
This calls for a mind with wisdom: the seven heads are seven mountains on which the woman is seated; 10 they are also seven kings, five of whom have fallen, one is, the other has not yet come, and when he comes he must remain only a little while. Rev 17:9-10
7 KINGS (Kingdoms) – 5 in past, 1 at time of writing, 1 in future – who are they ?
|FIVE FALLEN||ONE IS||ONE NOT YET COME|
|Rome||There is a gap from the time of the Romans until the days of the ’10 toe kings’ of Dan. 2. Israel is captive to the God’s of the nations – wealth and trade. Israel is still not the light of the world bringing people to God, she is still in captivity even though in her own land.|
|Then one of the seven angels who had the seven bowls came and said to me, “Come, I will show you the judgment of the great harlot who is sits on many waters, 2 with whom the kings of the earth have committed fornication, and with the wine of whose fornication the dwellers on earth have become drunk.” 3 And he carried me away in the Spirit into a wilderness, and I saw a woman sitting on a scarlet beast which was full of blasphemous names, and it had seven heads and ten horns.||The great harlot here echoes Jer 51:13 (to Babylon) O thou that dwellest upon many waters, abundant in treasures, thine end is come, and the measure of thy covetousness.
“sits on many waters” means she trades amongst many nations
Corrupt Israel (harlot) in the land of Israel (7 heads) surrounded by 10 nations (10 horns)
|The woman was arrayed in purple and scarlet, and bedecked with gold and jewels and pearls, holding in her hand a golden cup full of abominations and the impurities of her fornication; 5 and on her forehead was written a name of mystery: “Babylon the great, mother of harlots and of earth’s abominations.” 6 And I saw the woman, drunk with the blood of the saints and the blood of the martyrs of Jesus.||
Not the literal Babylon but Corrupt Israel the Spiritual Babylon who kills the prophets
“Jerusalem, Jerusalem, you who kill the prophets and stone those sent to you” Matt 23:37
|When I saw her I marveled greatly. 7 But the angel said to me, “Why marvel? I will tell you the mystery of the woman, and of the beast with seven heads and ten horns that carries her. 8 The beast that you saw was, and is not, and is to ascend from the bottomless pit and go to perdition; and the dwellers on earth whose names have not been written in the book of life from the foundation of the world, will marvel to behold the beast, because it was and is not and is to come. 9 This calls for a mind with wisdom: the seven heads are seven mountains on which the woman is seated; 10 they are also seven kings, five of whom have fallen, one is, the other has not yet come, and when he comes he must remain only a little while.||7 mountains = land of 7 nations given to Israel – Deut 7:1, Acts 13:19
OF the Seven and goes to perdition –
7 KINGDOMS: Empires connected to Israel (the Harlot) and her enslavement to “Kingdoms of Men” – especially regarding false worship and love of wealth.
5 Fallen: Egypt, Assyria, Babylon, Medes/Persians, Greeks
One Is: Rome: see Dan 7:23 It will be different from all the other kingdoms and will devour the whole earth, trampling it down and crushing it. The ten horns are ten kings who will come from/after this kingdom.
THE GAP (time gap when Jews are not in land until the formation of the 10 toe kings)
One Yet to Be: who only lasts a little while – Hitler
|As for the beast that was and is not, it is an eighth but is OF the seven, and it goes to perdition.
12 And the ten horns that you saw are ten kings who have not yet received royal power, but they are to receive authority as kings for one hour, together with the beast. 13 These are of one mind
|10 horns = ‘Ten Toe’ Arab nations – of “one mind” against Israel in Psalm 83
Psalm 83:5they have taken counsel together with one consent: they have made a confederacy against thee; 6 even the tents of the Idumeans, and the Ismaelites; Moab, and the Agarenes; 7 Gebal, and Ammon, and Amalec; the Philistines also, with them that dwell at Tyre. 8 Yea, Assur too is come with them:…v 18 let them know that thy name is Lord; that thou alone art Most High over all the earth.”
|they are to receive authority as kings for one hour, together with the beast.13 These are of one mind and give over their power and authority to the beast; 14 they will make war on the Lamb, and the Lamb will conquer them, for he is Lord of lords and King of kings, and those with him are called and chosen and faithful.”||The 10 Arab nations give power to the beast – for one hour they will rule until they are defeated by the Lamb/Jesus who has the saints with Him.|
|And he said to me, “The waters that you saw, where the harlot is seated, are peoples and multitudes and nations and tongues. 16 And the ten horns that you saw, they and the beast will hate the harlot; they will make her desolate and naked, and devour her flesh and burn her up with fire, 17 for God has put it into their hearts to carry out his purpose by being of one mind and giving over their royal power to the beast, until the words of God shall be fulfilled.||The Arab nations driven by their ‘holy war’ attack Israel|
|18 And the woman that you saw is the great city which has dominion over the kings of the earth.”||Should read more literally– “And the woman you saw is the city great having kingship among the kings of the earth” – fuller explanation below|
RULING OTHER KINGDOMS?
“ And the woman that you saw is the great city which has dominion over the kings of the earth.” Rev 17:18
At face value verse 18 is puzzling. How does Israel or indeed any kingdom in the last days rule over the kings of the earth? Again we look at how accurate the translators were in this passage.
A more accurate translation is “And the woman you saw is the city great having kingship among the kings of the earth”. The word they translated as dominion means ‘kingship’. The Greek work epi they translated as ‘over’ means ‘on the basis of’ and can legitimately be translated as ‘among’ or ‘into’ – We can see the same word translated as ‘among’ and ‘into’ in Matt 13:7-8 KJV
And some fell among thorns; and the thorns sprung up, and choked them:
8 But other fell into good ground,
Thus “And the woman you saw is the great city having kingship among the kings of the earth” gives the sense of the passage. The context supports this. The harlot is part of the ‘Kingdoms of Men’ caught up in wealth rather than God. The harlot is caught up with the kings of the earth rather than being a nation literally ruling over them –
Rev 17:1-2 “Come, I will show you the judgment of the great harlot who is seated upon many waters, with whom the kings of the earth have committed fornication”
TO BE CONTINUED…
The SYMBOL OF WINGS
An understanding of the cherubim gives us a better understanding of the winged ‘living creatures’ we encounter in Revelation 4 and what the wings mean. Jewish commentaries such as those by Shem Tov note that the Jews believed that the cherubim on the ark were formed as male and female in the form of human beings with wings.
|THE ARK & CHERUBIM
|Ark contained the LAW||Adam & Eve (Symbol of man and woman) were first to break God’s law|
|The LAW was enclosed by the mercyseat||Mercyseat = Propitiation. Covering of skin in Eden & death of animal provided by God, pointed to Jesus sacrifice covering sin|
|Ex 37:7 And he made a mercy seat of pure gold; two cubits and a half was its length, and a cubit and a half its breadth. 7 And he made two cherubim of hammered gold; on the two ends of the mercy seat he made them, 8 one cherub on the one end, and one cherub on the other end; of one piece with the mercy seat he made the cherubim on its two ends. 9 The cherubim spread out their wings above, overshadowing the mercy seat with their wings, with their faces one to another; toward the mercy seat were the faces of the cherubim.||
Cherubim were a symbol of man and woman. They were made out of one piece along with the mercy seat. Adam and Eve were made out of one in the image of God, but they failed – they turned to each other and away from God.
The cherubim on the ark were a symbol of the second Adam (Jesus) and the ‘woman’ of the new covenant. Their wings kept safe the things of God. In Eden, Adam and Eve failed to keep safe the things of God. On the ark the cherub faced each other across the mercy seat of God. The covering blood of lamb/Jesus was between them. Their focus was on the things of God – their wings kept safe the things of God.
In a similar way the King of Tyre is described as a cherub in Eden giving covering.
Ezek 28:13 You were in Eden, the garden of God;…v14 “You were the anointed cherub who covers;
The cherubim’s wings were thus to keep safe the things of God and defend them
|Cherubim had wings of covering||WINGS- A SYMBOL OF COVERING/PROTECTION/DEFENSE
Ps 57:1 in the shadow of Your wings I will make my refuge
Ruth 2:12 “The LORD recompense thy work, and a full reward be given thee of the LORD God of Israel, under whose wings thou art come to trust.”
Psalm 5:11 But let all those that put their trust in thee rejoice: let them ever shout for joy, because you defend them: let them also that love thy name be joyful in thee.
|Cherubim in Eden – Gen 3:24 he placed at the east of the garden of Eden Cherubims (plural), and a flaming sword which turned every way, to keep the way of the tree of life.||The job of the Cherubim was to keep/protect the way of the tree of life.|
|God spoke from the place that was above the mercy seat but below the wings of the cherubim – but only when the blood was sprinkled there
Ex 25:22 And there I will meet with thee, and I will commune with thee from above the mercy seat, from between the two cherubims which are upon the ark of the testimony
|The mercy seat is a symbol of God’s dwelling place – it is the blood which was sprinkled on the mercy seat which is the symbol of Jesus – the place God spoke from.|
|God’s dwells with the 2 cherubim
Ps 80:1 Give ear, O Shepherd of Israel,
Thou that leadest Joseph like a flock;
Thou that dwellest (between) the cherubims, shine forth.
|The cherubim on the ark are not a symbol of angels – but of people
Heb 2:16 “For surely it is not with angels that he is concerned but with the descendants of Abraham.”
Just as the mercy seat and cherubim were all made of one piece of gold – so Jesus and his ‘bride’ will be one with God – John 17:11 Keep them in thy name, which thou hast given me, that they may be one, even as we are one.
|The ark with cherubim was a symbol of God’s dwelling with people and pointed to God dwelling with people through Christ.||The ultimate fulfilment will be when the earth is full of Godly people
Rev 21:3 “Behold, the dwelling of God is with men. He will dwell with them, and they shall be his people, and God himself will be with them
The cherubim on the ark are a symbol of man and woman. God meets with them their through the blood of Jesus. Above the mercy between the cherubim is the symbol of God’s dwelling place in heaven in Revelation.
“From the throne came flashes of lightning, rumblings and peals of thunder. In front of the throne, seven lamps were blazing.” Rev 4:5
Thou that leadest Joseph like a flock;
Thou that dwellest (between) the cherubims, shine forth. Psalm 80:1
God placed in Eden Cherubim to keep safe the way to the tree of life – perhaps they were the righteous people known as “the Sons of God” in Gen. 6:2
AT THE CROSS – God rode on a cherub
At the foot of the cross God was with the small group of women who gave comfort to His Son. God gives comfort through people. (For more about the women at the cross see ‘Under the Banner of Love – Mary Magdalene Author of the Fourth Gospel’ http://www.lulu.com/spotlight/alsowritten)
God flew on cherub’s wings
|Ps 18:10 He rode on a cherub, and flew;
He came swiftly upon the wings of the wind/(spirit)
|This is highly symbolic language – God doesn’t need a cherub to fly – yet He chooses to dwell with the righteous. This passage pointed to the hour of Jesus death when God was united with Mary and the Beloved Disciple in grief and comfort for Jesus.|
|Context in Psalm 18 (also see 2 Sam 22)
5 The cords of Sheol entangled me,
the snares of death confronted me.6 In my distress I called upon the Lord;
to my God I cried for help.
From his temple he heard my voice,
and my cry to him reached his ears.7 Then the earth reeled and rocked;
the foundations also of the mountains trembled
and quaked, because he was angry.
8 Smoke went up from his nostrils,
and devouring fire from his mouth;
glowing coals flamed forth from him.
9 He bowed the heavens, and came down;
thick darkness was under his feet.
10 He rode on a cherub, and flew;
he came swiftly upon the wings of the wind.
11 He made darkness his covering around him,
his canopy thick clouds dark with water.
12 Out of the brightness before him
there broke through his clouds
hailstones and coals of fire.
13 The Lord also thundered in the heavens,
and the Most High uttered his voice,
hailstones and coals of fire…16 He reached from on high, he took me,
he drew me out of many waters.
17 He delivered me from my strong enemy,
and from those who hated me;
for they were too mighty for me.
18 They came upon me in the day of my calamity; but the Lord was my stay.
19 He brought me forth into a broad place;
he delivered me, because he delighted in me.
|Crucifixion in Matthew
From the sixth hour there was darkness over all the land until the ninth hour. 46 And about the ninth hour Jesus cried with a loud voice, “Eli, Eli, la′ma sabach-tha′ni?” that is, “My God, my God, why hast thou forsaken me?” 47 And some of the bystanders hearing it said, “This man is calling Eli′jah.” 48 And one of them at once ran and took a sponge, filled it with vinegar, and put it on a reed, and gave it to him to drink. 49 But the others said, “Wait, let us see whether Eli′jah will come to save him.” 50 And Jesus cried again with a loud voice and yielded up his spirit.
51 And behold, the curtain of the temple was torn in two, from top to bottom; and the earth shook, and the rocks were split; 52 the tombs also were opened, and many bodies of the saints who had fallen asleep were raised, 53 and coming out of the tombs after his resurrection they went into the holy city and appeared to many. 54 When the centurion and those who were with him, keeping watch over Jesus, saw the earthquake and what took place, they were filled with awe, and said, “Truly this was the Son of God!”
MYSTERY BABYLON – Conglomerate of Kingdoms of Men
Revelation 18 concerns ‘Mystery Babylon’ and is a mosaic of quotes from the Old Testament. Almost every verse echoes through the tunnels of time and is reminiscent of the Kingdoms of Nimrod, Babel, Idolatrous Israel and the great trading nations of Tyre and Carthage (Tarshish).
Mystery Babylon is the Kingdoms of men which Israel the harlot gets caught up in, it doesn’t represent one entity – rather a conglomerate of different peoples all representing human rejection of God. Thus the cross references below are about Tyre, Babylon, Jerusalem and no doubt others.