NOTE: THIS ARTICLE IS SOON TO BE UPDATED – THESE ARE JUST SKETCHY IDEAS
There is a blessing for those who read, understand, and act on the words of Revelation –
“Blessed is the one who reads aloud the words of this prophecy, and blessed are those who
hear it and attend to what is written, because the time is near.” Rev 1:1-3
Those living during the Jewish revolts against Rome (66-70 CE and Bar Kokhba 132-135CE) could ‘attend to what is written’ by warning people to flee from Jerusalem and turn to God – (See notes on Chapter 6 –
The Four Horsemen)
Those living at the present time, who attend to what is written, have the same message to deliver as John the Baptist – to proclaim the coming of Jesus and urge people to align themselves with God.
|Matt 3:2 “Repent: for the kingdom of heaven is at hand.”||Rev 1:3 “for the time is at hand”|
We are living in the days just prior to the return of Jesus. Revelation reveals what is happening, where it’s happening and why it’s happening. We can understand the Middle East turmoil, the distressing terrorist attacks in light of Revelation 13:4 “Who is like the beast? Who can wage war against it?” . We can have prophetic insight into the wave of refugees and the much disputed Temple Mount. This article is written in the hope that people will understand Revelation and respond to its message.
OVERVIEW – Revelation has many layers. It’s the fuller explanation of Daniel’s sealed prophecies, it’s the wrap-up of God’s judgments on mankind – it’s an appeal to the Jews and the entire world – another Passover story.
SYMBOLS -It’s a book of symbols drawing on imagery from the rest of the Bible. In Genesis God creates heavens, earth and sea and everything in them in six days. In Revelation He judges and uncreates them with six seals, trumpets and bowls of wrath. The old heavens, earth and sea pass away.
GENESIS – Creation: In six days the Lord made the heavens and the earth, the sea, and all that is in them. Ex. 20:11
REVELATION – Judgement & New Creation: And I saw a new heaven and a new earth: for the first heaven and the first earth were passed away; and there was no more sea. Rev. 21:1
APPEAL TO THE JEWS -Revelation is an appeal to the Jews – that Jesus was and is the Messiah they longed for, the ultimate Passover Lamb. The setting throughout Revelation is an overlay of Tabernacle worship. Beginning with the “Lamb that was slain”, alluding to the 3.5 year witness of the Lamb and ending with the “Marriage of the Lamb”, our attention is drawn to Jesus the Passover lamb.
JESUS THE LAMB
The word ‘lamb’ occurs 105 times in the King James Version of the Bible. It occurs 27 times in Revelation – 26% of the total. There are 22 chapters in Revelation – 11 of them refer to ‘The Lamb’.
The Lamb that was slain
Lamb who Opens the seals
People who washed their robes in the blood of the Lamb
Those who are the first fruit to the Lamb
The Song of the Lamb
The ‘Book of Life’ of the Lamb
Lamb stands on Mt Zion
Light of the Lamb
Wrath of the Lamb
12 apostles of the Lamb
Throne of the Lamb
Marriage of the Lamb
Revelation is an appeal to the Jews to understand that Jesus was the one they were waiting for, the one who witnessed to them , was rejected, and killed in Jerusalem.
It’s an appeal to all people to dip their robes in the ‘Blood of the Lamb’ – to have His seal on their foreheads before the angels of death pour judgement on creation – and it’s another Passover story to leave ‘The Kingdoms of Men’ and be aligned with ‘The Kingdom of God’ before Babylon (Kingdom of Men) falls forever and it’s too late.
Revelation explains how God will judge different aspects of mankind
|The Church||Chapters 2-3|
|The Jews- 4 plagues of Leviticus 26 delivered by the Red, Black and Green horsemen||Chapter 6|
|Political heavens – recede like a scroll||Chapter 6 v15|
|The 144,000||Chapter 7|
|Inhabitants of the earth||Chapter 8v13|
|Judgments at the Trumpet sound
1/3 of mankind at the Euphrates etc
|The 2 Witnesses – dead for 3.5 days||Chapter 11v8|
|Winepress of God’s wrath||Chapter 14 v19|
|Bowls of wrath poured on Those who shed innocent blood: The throne of the Beast||Chapter 16|
|Judgment of the Harlot||Chapter 17|
|Judgment of Babylon||Chapter 18|
|Judgment of Satan||Chapter 20 v2-4|
TIME OF THE END
Throughout Revelation we come to the time of the end multiple times. This indicates that it’s not one, continuous history, rather a wrap up of different aspects of God’s judgments.
Rev 2:26 To the one who is victorious and does my will to the end, I will give authority over the nations (Kingdom Age)
Rev 7:9 After this I looked, and there before me was a great multitude that no one could count, from every nation, tribe, people and language, standing before the throne and before the Lamb. They were wearing white robes
Rev 11:15 The kingdom of the world has become the kingdom of our Lord and of his Messiah.
Rev 14:1 Then I looked, and there before me was the Lamb, standing on Mount Zion, and with him 144,000 who had his name and his Father’s name written on their foreheads.
Rev 16:20 Every island fled away and the mountains could not be found.
Rev 19:7 Let us rejoice and be glad and give him glory! For the wedding of the Lamb has come.
Rev 20:12 Another book was opened, which is the book of life.
Rev 21:15 The angel who talked with me had a measuring rod of gold to measure the city.
Each separate judgment brings us to the Kingdom Age.
THE NUMBER 7 – occurs 53 times in Revelation. There are:
7 churches; 7 lampstands; 7 stars; 7 spirits; 7 seals; A lamb with 7 horns & 7 eyes; 7 angels; 7 trumpets; 7 thunders; a red dragon with 7 heads & 7 crowns; a beast with 7 heads; 7 last plagues; 7 vials of wrath; 7 mountains and 7 kings.
Why is God drawing our attention to the number 7? Perhaps the answer is in Exodus –
Ex 20:11 “In six days the Lord made the heavens and the earth, the sea, and all that is in them, but he rested on the seventh day. Therefore the Lord blessed the Sabbath day and made it holy.”
The seventh day marked the completion of creation. The number seven in Revelation seems to be used to show the completeness of something, whether good or bad – Thus the choice of 7 churches could mean it’s a complete cross section of all churches that Jesus walks amongst even though they have a variety of beliefs and practices and none of them are perfect.
3.5 YEARS – A REPRESENTATIVE TIME
When we come to Revelation we can understand the missing segment of Daniel’s 70 Week prophecy (see Daniel 9). Jesus was ‘cut off’ in the middle of the last ‘7’, leaving 3.5 years incomplete. This time period is applied to the woman in the wilderness (1260 days – time, times, dividing of time), the Beast who witnesses for 42 months, and the 2 witnesses in sackcloth for 1260 days. It is the same time period talked about in each case. 42 months is 1260 days or 3.5 years. It would seem that they are not all literal periods of time – but all remind us of the 3.5 year witness of Jesus – rejected by Jews and ‘those of the earth’ but embraced by Christians ‘those of heaven’.
1260 days for the woman in the wilderness in Rev 12 is also called a TIME, TIMES AND HALF A TIME (Rev 12:6 & 12:14)– a reference back to the time period in Daniel 12:7. The woman – the true church – changed direction from 609BC – Israel as a nation was in darkness. The church is nourished by God during the 1260 days just as Elijah was nourished by God when he also fled into the wilderness for three and a half years.
42 months for the beast. The conglomerate beast of Revelation began its rule of Israel in 609 BC when Josiah died at Megiddo (See: 666 – Counting the Number of the Beast). Each part of the conglomerate beast is in itself a ‘beast’ – thus when the final ‘little horn’ of Daniel 7 emerges amongst the 10 horns, it becomes ‘The Beast’. Perhaps there is a literal 3.5 year period for the final “Beast” which calls for a holy war empowered by Islam (see notes on Revelation 13), and has all the world wondering ‘who can fight the Beast’?
1260 days 2 Witnesses in sackcloth – The Jews began their witness in sackcloth (in contrast to the woman clothed with all the lights of heaven) when God’s covenant to them as the ‘light to the world’ was taken away.
“Wherever they went among the nations they profaned my holy name, for it was said of them, ‘These are the Lord’s people, and yet they had to leave his land.’” Ezek 36:20
The Same groups of people can be described with different symbols in Revelation. Jesus Himself is referred to as the Lamb, the rider of the white horse, one like the son of man, the bright morning star.
The Jews are referred to as the 2 witnesses clothed in sackcloth – and also the harlot of Rev. 17. Both groups are attacked by the Beast of the abyss – another clue they are one and the same.
The Church is the woman of Revelation 12 clothed with all the lights of heaven, and also the Bride. The fates of both groups run in parallel.
JUDGEMENT OF THE JEWS JUDGEMENT OF THE CHURCH
|2 WITNESSES clothed in sackcloth
Rev 11 – Witness for 1260. Attacked by the beast from the Abyss.
|WOMAN clothed with all the lights of heaven (contrast to the witnesses clothed in sackcloth)
Rev 12 – 1260 days in wilderness
|HARLOT Rev 17 – Attacked by the beast of the Abyss – left naked – burnt with fire||BRIDE Rev 19 – Invited to the marriage supper of the Lamb – clothed with bright linen (contrast to the harlot who is naked)|
CHAPTER 1 – SYMBOLS
|7 Golden Lampstands
|Seven churches of Asia –They did not have same doctrines yet Jesus walked amongst them all – ie Ephesus hated Nicolaitans – Pergamum followed them – Jesus walks amongst all the churches, not just one denomination.
Ephesus with correct doctrine was warned for not having enough love and in danger of losing lightstand. Pergamum, with wrong doctrine, was warned that Jesus would come with the sword of His mouth – correct their teaching.
|Rev 1:20 The seven lampstands are the seven churches.
Rev 2:5 -To Ephesus: If you do not repent, I will come to you and remove your lampstand
Rev 2:16 – To Pergamum: Repent therefore! Otherwise, I will soon come to you and will fight against them with the sword of my mouth.
The ‘Seven Stars’/Pleiades – herald of New Life
|Angels/Messengers of Church
-They come from being in the presence of God/Jesus to give God’s message – hence they shine like other mortal messengers did
Eg. Moses on the mountain
The starry people of Dan 12
The woman of Rev. 12 clothed with all the lights of heaven
John the Baptist – “He was a burning and shining light” John 5:35
Also like the 7 stars (Pleiades) of Amos 5:8 which herald the springtime after death of winter – they herald Jesus the resurrection –
Amos 5:8 KJV “Seek him that makes the seven stars (Pleiades) and Orion, and turns the shadow of death into the morning (Springtime), and makes the day dark with night (Winter).” -Rev 1:18 I am the Living One; I was dead, and now look, I am alive for ever and ever!
|Rev 1:20 The seven stars are the angels(messengers) of the seven churches
Rev 2:7 Whoever has ears, let them hear what the Spirit says to the churches.
Rev 3:1 These are the words of him who holds the seven spirits of God and the seven stars.
An emblamatic parallelism and could read
These are the words of him who holds the seven spirits of God even the seven stars.
“Who makes His angels (messengers) spirits, and His ministers a flame of fire” (Heb. 1:7).
|One likened to ‘Son of Man’ (Ref to Ezek 12:12)
|Among the lampstands was someone like a son of man, dressed in a robe reaching down to his feet and with a golden sash around his chest. The hair on his head was white like wool, as white as snow, and his eyes were like blazing fire. His feet were like bronze glowing in a furnace, and his voice was like the sound of rushing waters. In his right hand he held seven stars, and coming out of his mouth was a sharp, double-edged sword. His face was like the sun shining in all its brilliance. Rev 1:13-16
Rev 1:18 Was dead but now alive
|Clothed in contrast to being naked.||Rev 3:17 You are wretched, miserable, poor, blind, and naked|
|Brilliant white hair like wool||1:14||White/Bright = righteousness – wool alludes to Jesus the ultimate Passover ‘Lamb’||Rev 19:8|
|Eyes like fire||1:14||Eyes that see (perceptive) in contrast to being blind. Ezekiel also called ‘Son of Man’ sent to Israel with ‘blind eyes’||Ezekiel 12:12 Son of Man, you dwell in the midst of a rebellious house, which have eyes to see, and see not|
|Feet like bronze/brass refined in furnace||1:15||Jesus walked the earth as the ‘Son of Man’ – refined by God. Contrast here is to Jews – the rejected dross left in the furnace of Ezek 22||Ezek 22:18 Son of man, the people of Israel have become dross to me; all of them are brass, tin, iron and lead left inside a furnace|
|Voice like many/mighty waters||1:15||Jesus proclaimed God as per Psalm 29||Ps 29:3 The voice of the Lord is upon the waters; the God of majesty hath thundered, The Lord is upon many waters.|
|Holds Stars in Hand
|Jesus protects the messengers of the church
Jesus ‘binds the cluster of Pleiades (the 7 stars)’ – Pleiades is a bound star cluster held together by the gravitational pull of the stars on each other – the angels/messengers are united in Christ. Orion is an expanding star cluster – they are moving away from each other.
|Ps. 139:10 Even there your hand will guide me, your right hand will hold me fast.
John 10:28 No one will snatch them out of my hand.
|Sword coming out of mouth
|Symbol of speaking God’s word.
|Is 11:4 He will strike the earth with the rod of His mouth, and with the breath of His lips He will slay the wicked.
Sword of Spirit :
Heb 4:12, Eph 6:17
7 ANGELS – THE COMMISSION TO THE CHURCH
|Blow the Trumpets||Rev 8:6 And the seven angels which had the seven trumpets prepared themselves to sound.|
|Pour out the bowls||Rev 16:1 And I heard a great voice out of the temple saying to the seven angels, Go your ways, and pour out the vials of the wrath of God upon the earth.|
|To recap – The mystery of the seven stars which you saw in my right hand, and the seven golden lampstands. The seven stars are the angels of the seven churches: and the seven lampstands which you saw are the seven churches||The actions which occur on the earth are in response to the prayers and actions of the angels (messengers of the Church) to hasten the return of Jesus.|
THRONE ROOM IN HEAVEN
Revelation 4 sets the scene for what will follow. It’s straight out of Ezekiel chapter one – God’s throne room in heaven.
Ezekiel’s description of heaven is not a place in outer space – it is of God dwelling above the tabernacle in the wilderness with His people Israel.
It is necessary to realise the way the camp of the Israelites was set up. The Holy of Holies was at its centre and God dwelt with/between the cherubim – Is 37:16 “O LORD of hosts, the God of Israel, who is enthroned (between) the cherubim”.
God appointed an order for the Levitical priests to minister – a cycle of 24 divisions
1 Chron 24:1-19. “The twenty-fourth to Maaziah. This was their appointed order of ministering when they entered the temple” – they were officials of the sanctuary and of the house of God.
In Chapter 25, the Levitical priests are further divided into 24 divisions, responsible for the worship of the sanctuary in particular the music.
In Chapter 26, the Levitical priests are again divided into 24 gatekeepers for the house of God.
In Numbers 1:53 they are described as guardians of the tabernacle
“You will appoint the Levites over the tabernacle of testimony, and over all the vessels thereof, and over all things that belong to it: they shall bear the tabernacle, and all the vessels thereof; and they shall minister to it, and shall encamp round about the tabernacle”.
The 24 elders in Revelation take their symbology from the Levites – those given the task of keeping safe the things of the tabernacle and worship of God.
THE FOUR LIVING CREATURES
Revelation 4 also introduces us to the four living creatures which bear a remarkable similarity to the ones in Ezekiel 1
This table compares Ezekiel 1 and Revelation 4 –
|EZEKIEL 1||REVELATION 4||COMMENTS|
|1:1 the heavens were opened and I saw visions of God.||3:8 (To the church) I have set before you an open door
4:1 before me was a door standing open in heaven.
|1:4 an immense cloud with flashing lightning and surrounded by brilliant light. The center of the fire looked like glowing metal,||4:5 From the throne came flashes of lightning, rumblings and peals of thunder.|
|and in the fire was what looked like four living creatures. In appearance their form was human, 6 but each of them had four faces and four wings. 7 Their legs were straight; their feet were like those of a calf and gleamed like burnished bronze. 8 Under their wings on their four sides they had human hands. All four of them had faces and wings, 9 and the wings of one touched the wings of another. Each one went straight ahead; they did not turn as they moved. Their faces looked like this: Each of the four had the face of a human being, and on the right side each had the face of a lion, and on the left the face of an ox; each also had the face of an eagle.||In the center, around the throne, were four living creatures, and they were covered with eyes, in front and in back. 7 The first living creature was like a lion, the second was like an ox, the third had a face like a man, the fourth was like a flying eagle. 8 Each of the four living creatures had six wings all around and full of eyes within.||Ezekiels living creatures had 4 wings, the ones in Revelation have 6. Wings are a symbol of covering/protection to protect the things of God (see article at end about the cherubim on ark and wings)|
|V16 their appearance and their work was as it were a wheel in the middle of a wheel.
(This explains that the wheel was concerned with appearance and works)
|WHEEL – SYMBOL OF APPEARANCE AND WORK
Outwardly the tabernacle and Jews looked righteous but God wasn’t happy with them
Ezek 24:21 Say to the people of Israel, ‘This is what the Sovereign Lord says: I am about to desecrate my sanctuary—the stronghold in which you take pride, the delight of your eyes, the object of your affection.
|Ezek 1:10 As for the likeness of their faces, they four had the face of a man, and the face of a lion, on the right side: and they four had the face of an ox on the left side; they four also had the face of an eagle.||Rev 4:7 The first living creature was like a lion, the second living creature like a calf, the third living creature had a face like a man, and the fourth living creature was like a flying eagle.||The lion, man, ox and eagle describe the four banners the Israelites camped under as they surrounded the tabernacle in the wilderness. (See Numbers chapter 2)|
|Ezek 1:18 As for their rims, they were so high that they were dreadful; and their rims were full of eyes round about them four.
(The eyes were ’round about’ – outward show)
|Rev 4:8 full of eyes within
(The eyes on these Living Creatures are ‘within’ – or in the soul – they perceive)
|The rims (on the wheels) of Ezekiels vision seem to be all for show -Their appearance is high and arrogant (same word in Jer 48:28)
Lots of eyes on the living creatures in Ezekiel – yet they don’t see – Ezekiel 12:12 Son of man, thou dwellest in the midst of a rebellious house, which have eyes to see, and see not; they have ears to hear, and hear not: for they are a rebellious house.
In contrast -Jesus has eyes like fire ‘His eyes are like blazing fire ‘(seeing/ perceptive) Rev 19:12
The four living creatures were the camp of Israel. Numbers 2 describes the way God wanted it laid out – 3 tribes facing East, 3 tribes facing South, 3 tribes facing North and 3 tribes facing West. The word of God was supposed to go out to the four corners of the earth from Israel – Thus the symbol 4 is associated with those who go out beyond the borders of Israel eg. The 4 horsemen, the 4 living creatures.
God wanted to be worshipped to the four corners of the earth, beyond Israel – from the rising of the sun to it’s setting. Mal 1:11 “From the rising of the sun to its setting my name is great among the nations”.
CAMP DIVIDED INTO 4
NORTH SOUTH EAST WEST
Num 2:3-9 The 3 Eastern Tribes – “Those to encamp on the east side toward the rising sun shall be of the standard of the camp of Judah by their companies…Those to encamp next to him shall be the tribe of Is′sachar…Then the tribe of Zeb′ulun…They shall set out first on the march.” Etc for other 3 other groups
Many symbols in Revelation such as the 4 living creatures and the 24 elders, reveal their meaning when overlaid on the blueprint of Israel and The Tabernacle in the wilderness. The 24 elders who worship God day and night are the inner tribe of the Levites/the P
riests. The 4 living creature in ‘God’s throne room in heaven’ of chapter 4 is the camp of Israel divided into 4. God is in the very centre and dwells above the mercy seat between the Cherubim.
The Israelites had to pitch their family flags, but we’re not told plainly what those flags had on them.
According to jewish tradition, the standard of Judah bore the figure of a lion, that of Reuben the likeness of a man or of a man’s head, that of Ephraim the figure of an ox, and that of Dan the flying eagle; – this should ring a bell -the faces of the four living creatures in both Ezekiel and Revelation.
There is Biblical support for these for 4 flag images tying in with the tribes of Israel
JUDAH – the Lion – You are a lion’s cub, Judah; you return from the prey, my son. Like a lion he crouches and lies down. Gen 49:9
REUBEN – Face of Man – Reuben, you are my firstborn son Gen 49:3
EPHRAIM the Ox -In majesty he is like a firstborn bull; his horns are the horns of a wild ox. With them he will gore the nations, even those at the ends of the earth. Deut 33:17
DAN the flying Eagle – “Dan (meaning Judge) will judge his people” Gen 49:16 – The Flying eagle was a symbol of judgement – An eagle is over the house of the Lord because the people have broken my covenant Hos 8:1
Jer 48:40 This is what the LORD says: “Look! An eagle is swooping down, spreading its wings over Moab.
REVELATION 5 – The Scroll
“Who is worthy to break the seals and open the scroll?” But no one in heaven (angels) or on earth or under the earth could open the scroll or even look inside it….The Lion of the tribe of Judah, the Root of David has triumphed. He is able to open the scroll.” Rev 5:2-3
– A reference to Daniel’s scroll and words of Jesus saying not even the angels knew (Matt 24:36)
When Jesus said “no man knows the day or hour” of His return, Daniel’s scroll was still sealed. From the time of the Revelation to John the wise have had the information to make sense of Daniel’s end time prophecy because Jesus unsealed the scroll after his resurrection. For a fuller explanation of the time given by Daniel for the second coming of Jesus see: Daniel 12 – The Seals are Opened: https://alsowritten.wordpress.com/2014/08/18/the-seals-are-opened/
The sealing of the scroll in Daniel 12 becomes a 7 fold unsealing in Revelation which commences in Chapter 6
THE FOUR HORSEMEN – The 4 horsemen is the tale of 2 covenants – the first covenant broken by the Jews “I will bring the sword on you to avenge the breaking of the covenant.” Lev 26:25 – And the New Covenant which came by the one who conquered sin. The first four seals which unleash the 4 horsemen cover –
Jesus conquering sin
Judaisers hating Christians
Jews weighed in scales – curse of Lev 26 while Jews in their own cities
God’s judgement of 4 plagues on the Jews – scattered to all nations
Four living creatures summon the horsemen- four expressions of God’s spirit throughout the earth.
I heard one of the four living creatures say in a voice like thunder, “Come!” I looked, and there before me was a white horse! Its rider held a bow, and he was given a crown, and he rode out as a conqueror bent on conquest. Rev 6:1-2
|White – associated with righteousness.
BOW – a bow of covenant – taken from Israel and given to Christians
“I will put an end to the kingdom of Israel. In that day I will break Israel’s bow in the Valley of Jezreel.” Hos 1:5
Therefore I tell you that the kingdom of God will be taken away from you and given to a people who will produce its fruit. Matt 21:43
Jesus is described as the rider on white horse in Rev 19:11 –12
I saw heaven standing open and there before me was a WHITE horse, whose rider is called Faithful and True. With justice he judges and wages war. His eyes are like blazing fire, and on his head are many crowns… The armies of heaven were following him, riding on white horses and dressed in fine linen, white and clean. Rev 19:11
Revelation 6 is talking of Jesus first coming with the ‘bow’ of the New Covenant. Chapter 19 is talking of His second coming with all the saints in white.
FIERY RED HORSE
|2nd SEAL REVELATION
I heard the second living creature say, “Come!” Then another horse came out, a fiery RED one. Its rider was given power to take peace from the earth and to make people kill each other. To him was given a large sword.
|Fiery Red Horse – same context as The Fiery Red Dragon of Rev 12 which morphs from Herod to Judaisers (See chapter 12 commentary)
Satan from the beginning – in this context talking of Herod and Jews killing babies, killing Jesus, killing John the Baptist, persecuting Jewish Christians
Acts 12:2 King Herod (Antipas) arrested some who belonged to the church, intending to persecute them. He had James, the brother of John, put to death with the sword.
Matt 10:35-36 I did not come to bring peace, but a sword. For I have come to turn ‘a man against his father, a daughter against her mother, a daughter-in-law against her mother-in-law— a man’s enemies will be the members of his own household.’
I heard the third living creature say, “Come!” I looked, and there before me was a BLACK horse! Its rider was holding a pair of scales in his hand. Then I heard what sounded like a voice among the four living creatures, saying, “Two pounds of wheat for a day’s wages, and six pounds of barley for a day’s wages, and do not damage the oil and the wine!”
|The quote for the Black Horse is taken from Lev 26 – A time of Judgement for Jews while still in their cities 70-135 CE
I will bring the sword on you to avenge the breaking of the covenant. When you withdraw into your cities, I will send a plague among you, and you will be given into enemy hands. When I cut off your supply of bread, ten women will be able to bake your bread in one oven, and they will dole out the bread by weight. You will eat, but you will not be satisfied. Lev 26:25-6
They will dash you to the ground, you and the children within your walls. They will not leave one stone on another, because you did not recognize the time of God’s coming to you. Luke 19:44
The Jews didn’t recognize the coming of Jesus of which Daniel & others prophesied. They lost their place in heaven ‘the sun became BLACK’ – they were not the light to the world.
There before me was a PALE* horse! Its rider was named Death, and Hades was following close behind him. They were given power over a fourth of the earth to kill by sword, famine and plague, and by the wild beasts of the earth (God’s 4 judgments).
*Note: Translators have called this horse ‘pale’ but the same Greek word is translated as ‘green’ everywhere else
|DEATH – 4 Judgements against Jerusalem/Jews – Lev 26 & Ezek 14
Continuing the theme of measuring bread by weight (Lev 26:26) punishment spirals to 7 fold as God rejects Jews. They are destroyed in their cities and dispersed from their land by the Romans.
Lev 26:25 And I will bring the sword on you to avenge the breaking of the covenant. When you withdraw into your cities, I will send a plague among you, and you will be given into enemy hands(beasts). When I cut off your supply of bread, ten women will be able to bake your bread in one oven, and they will dole out the bread by weight. … I myself will punish you for your sins seven times over. …I will destroy your high places, cut down your incense altars and pile your dead bodies on the lifeless forms of your idols…I will scatter you among the nations and will draw out my sword and pursue you.
Ezek 14:21 How much worse will it be when I send against Jerusalem my four dreadful judgments—sword and famine and wild beasts and plague—to kill its men and their animals!
4th Horseman- A dead rider on horse that looks alive -Ezekiel 12:12 …”eyes to see, and see not; they have ears to hear, and hear not:” – the context is the 4 judgments of God against Israel as per curse of Lev 26 – A religion that looks alive but is dead – God’s 4 plagues were the punishment
1/4 of the earth – Herod the fiery red dragon (See comments chapter 12) had 7 crowns (ruled Israel- The ‘land built on 7 nations’) -when he died it was divided into 4. Herods sons had 3/4 of the old kingdom -the Romans governed the Judean 1/4 – they destroyed the temple, expelled the Jews and renamed Judea ‘Syria Palaestina’. Some Jews were taken to Rome others fled to Galilee and throughout the world
The BLACK and GREEN horse concern Israel’s punishment. Their time of trouble began when they broke their covenant with God and He brought on them the 4 escalating plagues described in Leviticus 26 beginning with being ruled by foreigners. For the Jews who heeded the warnings, they could have fled from Jerusalem in 70 CE when it was surrounding by armies, and again during the Bar Kokhba rebellion when Hadrian built a temple to Jupiter on the temple Mount (an abomination).
If we compare the commentary in Revelation with that in Daniel we’ll see that their trouble will only end when their power is shattered one more time.
|Daniel 11 ends with Herod’s rage as he seeks to destroy the baby born King of the Jews See: Daniel 11 Explained
Dan 12:1 At that time Michael, the great prince who protects your people, will arise. There will be a time of distress such as has not happened from the beginning of nations until then…
v6 HOW LONG? v 7 It will be for a time, times and half a time. When the power of the holy people has been finally broken, all these things will be completed.”
|This lines up with the RED HORSE .
The time of distress for the Jews began when they came under foreign rule in 609 BCE when Josiah died, however it escalated to it’s peak (such as had not happened before) when they killed their Messiah – the worst thing they had done since God chose them as His nation. Their punishment included death in their own cities as per Lev 26 – the destruction of the temple in 70 CE and the Jewish massacre during the Bar Kochba Rebellion (estimated 580,000 Jews died). These events line up with the BLACK HORSE. The time of distress continues with the GREEN HORSE – initially the Romans who ruled the Judea quarter of Israel – but God’s 4 plagues continued to follow the Jews throughout their history in foreign lands including the holocaust. They also include the future time when all nations will be gathered against Jerusalem and a further time of tragic loss (unless they repent).
|But at that time your people—everyone whose name is found written in the book—will be delivered. Multitudes who sleep in the dust of the earth will awake: some to everlasting life, others to shame and everlasting contempt.
DANIEL TOLD TO WAIT – V13 You will rest, and then at the end of the days you will rise to receive your allotted inheritance
|After the power of the holy people is broken all things will be completed – this includes the resurrection. Those found written in the Book of Life will live for ever. They are the ‘sealed’ of Revelation 7 – the 144,000 – the ‘multitude without number from all nations’
SOULS UNDER ALTAR TOLD TO WAIT just as Daniel was
When he opened the fifth seal, I saw under the altar the souls of those who had been slain because of the word of God and the testimony they had maintained. They called out in a loud voice, “How long, Sovereign Lord, holy and true, until you judge the inhabitants of the earth and avenge our blood?” Then each of them was given a white robe, and they were told to wait a little longer, until the full number of their fellow servants, their brothers and sisters, were killed just as they had been.
|A scene from the ‘Throne Room in Heaven’. The martyred saints ask how much longer until the earth is judged and their blood avenged. But it’s the spirit of justice which cries out to God. In a similar way the blood of Abel cried out to God –
“The LORD said, “What have you done? Listen! Your brother’s blood cries out to me from the ground.”
The souls under the altar are given white robes and told to wait. Time passes- the opening of the next seal brings us to the end times.
I watched as he opened the sixth seal. There was a great earthquake. The sun turned black like sackcloth made of goat hair, the whole moon turned blood red, and the stars in the sky fell to earth, as figs drop from a fig tree when shaken by a strong wind. The heavens receded like a scroll being rolled up, and every mountain and island was removed from its place.
Then the kings of the earth, the princes, the generals, the rich, the mighty, and everyone else, both slave and free, hid in caves and among the rocks of the mountains. They called to the mountains and the rocks, “Fall on us and hide us from the face of him who sits on the throne and from the wrath of the Lamb! For the great day of their wrath has come, and who can withstand it?”
|Huge political upheaval – in the midst of it the saints are taken and ‘sealed’ (chapter 7) – they return with Jesus when the 7th seal is opened (chapter 8)
The silence in heaven – another overlay of tabernacle worship
The entire congregation gathered around silently as the high priest entered the holy of holies on day of atonement – there was also a Jewish tradition that the Jews were sealed into the book of life or the book of death at this time (hence the sealing of the 144,000)
Rev 7 and 8 bring us to the time when the Lord comes into his temple… the most holy place – the day of atonement – the return of Jesus – that was also when much incense was offered at day of atonement as per Rev 8:3
CHAPTER 7 – 144,000 SEALED – The PASSOVER LAMB
The Passover story continues in Chapter 7. The angels who have power to pour God’s judgments on the earth are told not to harm the land, sea or trees (pointing to deconstructing first creation) until the servants of God (who have dipped their robes in the blood of the Lamb) are sealed. This mimics the Passover story found in Exodus –
|“The blood will be a sign for you on the houses where you are, and when I see the blood, I will pass over you. No destructive plague will touch you when I strike Egypt.” Ex 12:13||“Do not harm the land or the sea or the trees until we put a seal on the foreheads of the servants of our God.” Rev 7:3|
Throughout Revelation, people either have the mark of the beast or have robes ‘dipped in blood of the Lamb’ with the Fathers name on their foreheads.
These are they who have come out of the great tribulation; they have washed their robes and made them white in the blood of the Lamb. Rev 7:14
Then I looked, and there before me was the Lamb, standing on Mount Zion, and with him 144,000 who had his name and his Father’s name written on their foreheads. Rev 14:1
SYMBOLIC NOT LITERAL – The 144,000 are made up of the tribes of Israel. To take this literally lacks the perception needed to understand the entire symbolic nature of the book of Revelation. When Revelation 5 tells us that the ‘Lion of the tribe of Judah’ is worthy to open the scrolls, we are then told that the Lamb opens them. When John is told he will be shown the Bride of Christ, he sees a building (New Jerusalem) descending from heaven. One symbol describes another. When we are told in Revelation 1 that Jesus holds 7 stars we are then told they are the angels of the churches. We are told that the lampstands are really churches – a symbol describing something literal. Following this same pattern John hears a voice proclaiming the number of the sealed –
Then I heard the number of those who were sealed: 144,000 from all the tribes of Israel. Rev 7:4
Then John SEES what the voice is talking about – the 144,000 are in fact a multitude without number from every nation on earth.
After this I looked, and there before me was a great multitude that no one could count, from every nation, tribe, people and language, standing before the throne and before the Lamb. They were wearing white robes Rev 7:9
Thus Revelation spells out clearly (for those who see it) that the 144,000 are from every nation on earth – the same message as the 4th Gospel –
Children born not of natural descent, nor of human decision or a husband’s will, but born of God. John 1:13
God always wanted people from every nation – that was always His intention for ‘Israel’. This is the point the Jews failed to comprehend (“We alone will build a temple to our God” Ezra” 4:3)
Just as the Israelites were ‘passed over’ by the angel of death in Egypt, so too the saints are saved during the time of God’s final judgments on mankind
“Do not harm the land or the sea or the trees until we put a seal on the foreheads of the servants of our God.” Rev 7:3
CHAPTERS 8-9 TRUMPETS
NEW HEAVENS AND NEW EARTH – DECONSTRUCTING FIRST CREATION
Another layer of Revelation seems to be the ‘deconstruction’ of the first creation to replace it with a better one.
Then I saw “a new heaven and a new earth,” for the first heaven and the first earth had passed away, and there was no longer any sea. Rev 21:1
Behold, I make all things new. Rev 21:5
We don’t need to expect a literal deconstruction of the literal creation. 2 Pe 3:4-13 says the 1st heaven & earth passed away with Noah’s flood. The 2nd heaven (in which we live) will be burned up, and we await a 3rd heaven and earth in which righteousness dwells. Through all this, planet earth seems to remain.
The first creation in Genesis took 6 days and on the 7th God rested. God made the heavens, the earth, the sea and the things in them.
In a witness of destruction similar to the plagues on Egypt before the first Passover, there are plagues poured out in the heavens, and on the earth and sea before entry into the ‘New Promised Land’. This time the plagues of witness are in the area of the Euphrates – the other border of the Promised Land – the Euphrates dries up to prepare the way for the ‘Kings of the East’.
EVENTS IN PARALLEL
These parallel judgments on the INHABITANTS OF THE EARTH end with the Kingdom and are unfolding now – we are at the end of human history. Notice the pattern of judgments on the earth, sea and things in the heavens which line up with the trumpets and bowls of Revelation 8-9 and chapter 16. God sends His army of ‘locusts’ and they decimate creation where it first began – the ‘Garden of Eden’ the area of the Euphrates as per Revelation 9:9 and 16:15. The locust army gathers on the border of the Promised Land and is described in Joel as an ‘assembly’
Proclaim this among the nations:
Prepare for war!
Rouse the warriors!
Let all the fighting men draw near and attack.
Beat your plowshares into swords
and your pruning hooks into spears.
Let the weakling say,
“I am strong!”
Come quickly, all you nations from every side,
and assemble there. Joel 3:9-11
Before them the land is like the garden of Eden, behind them, a desert waste Joel 2:3
|1st Trumpet: 8:7 Fire cast on Earth – 1/3 land burned
2nd Trumpet:8:8-9 Sea to blood sea – sea creatures die
3rd Trumpet: 8:10 Rivers & springs – turn bitter
4th Trumpet 8:12 Sun moon stars – turn dark
5th Trumpet 9:1-11 Abyss opened locusts – torment people
6th Trumpet 9:9-13 Four angels released at Euphrates – kill 1/3 mankind
7th Trumpet 11:15-19 Thunder earthquake hail
“The kingdom of the world has becomethe kingdom of our Lord and of his Messiah” 11:15
|1st Bowl: 16:2 Land – festering sores beast people
2nd Bowl: 16:3 Sea to blood – sea creatures die
3rd Bowl: 16:4 Rivers & springs – blood
4th Bowl: 16:8-9 Sun – people scorched
5th Bowl: 16:10-11 Throne of the beast – darkness agony
6th Bowl:16:12-14 Euphrates dried up – 3 spirits like frogs gather armies
V16 “Behold, I come like a thief!”
7th Bowl: 16:19-21 Thunder earthquake hail
“It is done!” 16:17
Revelation 11 opens with God’s 2 witnesses Israel and Judah back in the Land of Israel. They were scattered throughout the world but in 1948, they became a nation again. After the holocaus they were the ‘valley of dry bones’ of Ezekiel 37. They are described as 2 ‘sticks’ – they will become fully united under Jesus –
These bones are the people of Israel. They say, ‘Our bones are dried up and our hope is gone; we are cut off.’ Therefore prophesy and say to them: ‘This is what the Sovereign Lord says: My people, I am going to open your graves and bring you up from them; I will bring you back to the land of Israel…I am going to take the stick of Joseph—which is in Ephraim’s hand—and of the Israelite tribes associated with him, and join it to Judah’s stick. I will make them into a single stick of wood, and they will become one in my hand…I will take the Israelites out of the nations where they have gone. I will gather them from all around and bring them back into their own land. I will make them one nation in the land, on the mountains of Israel. There will be one king over all of them and they will never again be two nations or be divided into two kingdoms. Ezek 37:11-22
|I was given a reed like a measuring rod and was told, “Go and measure the temple of God and the altar, with its worshipers. But exclude the outer court; do not measure it, because it has been given to the Gentiles. They will trample on the holy city for 42 months. And I will appoint my two witnesses, and they will prophesy for 1,260 days, clothed in sackcloth.”They are “the two olive trees” and the two lampstands, and “they stand before the Lord of the earth.”||Israel are back in the Land – God is measuring His temple – In this case it’s His 2 witnesses (Israel and Judah) who are in mourning from the holocaust. Each group was appointed to be an olive tree and a lampstand in the temple – God is measuring them to see how they have shaped up
Examples of Olive Tree/Lampstand
ISRAEL THE OLIVE TREE
Israel and Judah – Olive Tree in Temple “What is my beloved doing in my temple as she, with many others, works out her evil schemes?…The Lord called you a thriving olive tree with fruit beautiful in form. But with the roar of a mighty storm he will set it on fire…The Lord Almighty, who planted you, has decreed disaster for you, because the people of both Israel and Judah have done evil and aroused my anger by burning incense to Baal. Jer 11:15-17
ISRAEL THE LIGHT (lampstand) –
I will also make You a light to the nations
|I will empower my two witnesses, and they will prophesy for 1,260 days, clothed in sackcloth.”||God empowers His 2 witnesses in sackcloth – in mourning from the holocaust.|
|They are “the two olive trees” and the two lampstands, and “they stand before the Lord of the earth.”||The olive tree fed the lampstand to give it light. They were symbols in the temple. Israel stood before the Lord of the earth and were supposed to be the light- they failed but still God empowers them as witnesses in sackcloth… they prophesy in the manner of Moses and Elijah who also both stood before the Lord of the earth.
Ex 3:5 Take off your sandals, for the place where you are standing is holy ground.
“As the LORD, the God of Israel lives, before whom I stand, surely there shall be neither dew nor rain these years, except by my word.” 1 Kings 17:1
Both Moses and Elijah appeared before God on Sinai and were given new covenants
Moses witnessed to Egypt (Gentiles) with many plagues before entry into the Promised Land with Joshua
It is said Elijah will witness to the Jews before entry into the Promised Land and the coming of Jesus. Elijah called fire from heaven and stopped the rain
|If anyone tries to harm them, fire comes from their mouths and devours their enemies. This is how anyone who wants to harm them must die.||The 2 witnesses of Revelation 11 witness to both Jews and Gentiles because they command fire from God on their enemies at present – the survival of Israel surrounded by Arab hatred is a modern day miracle on the scale of Moses and Elijah|
|They have power to shut up the heavens so that it will not rain during the time they are prophesying;||Like Elijah|
|and they have power to turn the waters into blood and to strike the earth with every kind of plague as often as they want.||Like Moses|
REVELATION 12 –
The WOMAN CLOTHED WITH ALL THE LIGHTS OF HEAVEN
This chapter is about the woman clothed with all the lights of heaven and the dragon who wants to kill her child and those who follow Jesus. It begins during the days of the 7 crowned horns.
DAYS OF THE 7 CROWNED HORNS
The dragon has 7 heads & 10 horns – same area as ‘the beast’ – the land of 7 & 10 promised to Abraham – but there are 7 crowns not 10 – it’s not the days of the 10 toe kings (land of 10 nations from Nile to Euphrates Gen 15:18) but the days when the area of ‘7’ has crowns – Herod ruled the land of 7 nations promised to Israel (Deut 7:1)
Compare the land ruled by Herod and land of ‘7 nations’ which the Israelites were told they were to occupy (Num 34:2-12)
Revelation 12 is about the first coming of Jesus – Sign of the WOMAN IN HEAVEN – the days of the 7 crowned serpent. When Jesus comes the second time it will be the ‘Sign of the SON OF MAN in Heaven’ Matt. 24:30 and the horns of the beast will have 10 crowns (see Revelation 13 interpretation)
Revelation 12 follows the pattern of the book of Daniel in telling the story then repeating it in greater detail. Thus the 1260 days are the same event as the ‘time, times and dividing of time’ when the woman flees into the wilderness.
Compare the Coloured areas which correspond to the same event –
|A great sign appeared in heaven: a woman clothed with the sun, with the moon under her feet and a crown of twelve stars on her head. She was pregnant and cried out in pain as she was about to give birth. Then another sign appeared in heaven: an enormous red dragon with seven heads and ten horns and seven crowns on its heads. Its tail swept a third of the stars out of the sky and flung them to the earth. The dragon stood in front of the woman who was about to give birth, so that it might devour her child the moment he was born. She gave birth to a son, a male child, who “will rule all the nations with an iron scepter.”a And her child was snatched up to God and to his throne. The woman fled into the wilderness to a place prepared for her by God, where she might be taken care of for 1,260 days.
And war broke out in heaven. Michael and his angels fought against the dragon, and the dragon and his angels fought back. But he was not strong enough, and they lost their place in heaven. The great dragon was hurled down—that ancient serpent called the devil, or Satan, who leads the whole world astray. He was hurled to the earth, and his angels with him.Then I heard a loud voice in heaven say:
“Now have come the salvation and the power and the kingdom of our God, and the authority of his Messiah. For the accuser of our brothers and sisters, who accuses them before our God day and night, has been hurled down. They triumphed over him by the blood of the Lamb and by the word of their testimony; they did not love their lives so much as to shrink from death. Therefore rejoice, you heavens and you who dwell in them! But woe to the earth and the sea, because the devil has gone down to you! He is filled with fury, because he knows that his time is short.”
|When the dragon saw that he had been hurled to the earth, he pursued the woman who had given birth to the male child. The woman was given the two wings of a great eagle, so that she might fly to the place prepared for her in the wilderness, where she would be taken care of for a time, times and half a time, out of the serpent’s reach. Then from his mouth the serpent spewed water like a river, to overtake the woman and sweep her away with the torrent. But the earth helped the woman by opening its mouth and swallowing the river that the dragon had spewed out of his mouth. Then the dragon was enraged at the woman and went off to wage war against the rest of her offspring—those who keep God’s commands and hold fast their testimony about Jesus.|
THE WOMAN – THE SEED – THE SERPENT
COMPARISON OF GENESIS 3 & REVELATION 12
|GENESIS 3||REVELATION 12|
|And I will put enmity
between you and the woman,
|V 4 The dragon(serpent) stood in front of the woman who was about to give birth, so that it might devour her child the moment he was born.|
|and between your offspring and hers;||V 17 17 Then the dragon was enraged at the woman and went off to wage war against the rest of her offspring|
|he will crush your head,
and you will strike his heel.”
|V 9 The great dragon was hurled down—that ancient serpent called the devil, or Satan, who leads the whole world astray. He was hurled to the earth, and his angels with him.
NOTE: The dragon does not meet his end until Rev 20:10 And the devil, who deceived them, was thrown into the lake of burning sulfur, where the beast and the false prophet had been thrown. They will be tormented day and night for ever and ever.
|16 To the woman he said,
“I will make your pains in childbearing very severe;
|V 2 She was pregnant and cried out in pain as she was about to give birth.|
|Your desire will be for your husband,
and he will rule over you.”
|The ‘second Eve’ the church – turned to God not her husband when tempted – she was clothed with all the lights of heaven and not found naked.|
The woman in heaven – the church – the second Eve – wasn’t deceived by the red dragon/ serpent (that’s why she’s clothed with the sun moon and stars) – then her son gave it a blow on the head as well. One can speculate that Mary herself wasn’t part of the Herodian system – though she could have been – she wasn’t deceived by it but chose to dwell in Galilee and fled the corruption of Herodian Jerusalem.
|A great sign appeared in heaven: a woman clothed with the sun, with the moon under her feet and a crown of twelve stars on her head.||The Woman of Revelation 12 is the second Eve – Mother of all ‘Truly LIVING’ – the church. She encounters the RED DRAGON/Serpent but is not deceived by it. She is clothed with all the lights of heaven.
Clothed with the sun – “Clothe yourselves with the Lord Jesus Christ.” Rom 13:14 New Jerusalem shines Rev 22
12 stars a symbol of Spiritual Israel
|She was pregnant and cried out in pain as she was about to give birth.||Allusion to Gen.3 “in pain you will bring forth children”. Paul also talks of the pain of spiritual childbirth.
“My dear children, for whom I am again in the pains of childbirth until Christ is formed in you” Gal. 4:19
|3 Then another sign appeared in heaven: an enormous red dragon with seven heads and ten horns and seven crowns on its heads.||Red dragon = false worship – see v 9, the ancient serpent called the devil who deceives
The heads and crowns give us the TIME & PLACE
7 heads = PLACE – land of Israel – Deut 7:1 When the LORD your God brings you into the land you are entering to possess and drives out before you many nations–the Hittites, Girgashites, Amorites, Canaanites, Perizzites, Hivites and Jebusites, 7 nations larger and stronger than you–
10 horns = the land surrounding Israel promised to Abraham (not 10 crowns at this stage)
7 crowns = Herod is ruling Israel – THE TIME
|Its tail swept a third of the stars out of the sky and flung them to the earth.||Herod went on a rampage killing rulers who threatened his throne. He is spoken of in Dan.11:44 – and he shall go forth with great fury to exterminate and utterly destroy many. See Daniel 11 Explained|
|The dragon stood in front of the woman who was about to give birth, so that it might devour her child the moment he was born.||2 See how your enemies growl,
how your foes rear their heads. Ps 83:2
|She gave birth to a son, a male child, who “will rule all the nations with an iron scepter.”||JESUS will rule all nations –
Psalm 2:7-8 “You are my son;
|And her child was snatched up to God and to his throne.||Jesus in heaven and heavenly places.|
|6 The woman fled into the wilderness to a place prepared for her by God, where she might be taken care of for 1,260 days.
|Allusion to the witness of Elijah for 3.5 years in wilderness, fed by Ravens and woman with oil. The woman – the church – flees into the wilderness.|
|Then war broke out in heaven. Michael and his angels fought against the dragon, and the dragon and his angels fought back. 8 But he was not strong enough, and they lost their place in heaven. 9 The great dragon was hurled down—that ancient serpent called the devil, or Satan, who leads the whole world astray. He was hurled to the earth, and his angels with him.
|Jews lose their place ‘in heaven’ as custodians of God’s word|
|Then I heard a loud voice in heaven say: “Now have come the salvation and the power
and the kingdom of our God,
and the authority of his Messiah.
For the accuser of our brothers and sisters, who accuses them before our God day and night,
has been hurled down.
11 They triumphed over him
by the blood of the Lamb
and by the word of their testimony;
they did not love their lives so much
as to shrink from death.
12 Therefore rejoice, you heavens
and you who dwell in them!
But woe to the earth and the sea,
because the devil has gone down to you! He is filled with fury,
because he knows that his time is short.”
Judaisers persecute Christians
|When the dragon saw that he had been hurled to the earth, he pursued the woman who had given birth to the male child. 14 The woman was given the two wings of a great eagle, so that she might fly to the place prepared for her in the wilderness, where she would be taken care of for a time, times and half a time, out of the serpent’s reach.||The woman is given wings to escape. Christians leave Jerusalem and take the gospel to all the world.|
|Then from his mouth the serpent spewed water like a river, to overtake the woman and sweep her away with the torrent. 16 But the earth helped the woman by opening its mouth and swallowing the river that the dragon had spewed out of his mouth. 17 Then the dragon was enraged at the woman and went off to wage war against the rest of her offspring—those who keep God’s commands and hold fast their testimony about Jesus.||Judaisers pursued the Christians but were subdued by the Romans who destroyed the temple and banned Jews from Jerusalem.|
This leads into chapter 13…
The dragon stood on the shore of the sea. And I saw a beast coming out of the sea. It had ten horns and seven heads, with ten crowns on its horns, and on each head a blasphemous name. The beast I saw resembled a leopard, but had feet like those of a bear and a mouth like that of a lion.
This is the days of the ten toe kings with 10 crowned horns – the nations who occupy the rest of the Promised Land between the Nile and Euphrates who will come against Israel. Their habitations are listed in Psalm 83
See how your enemies growl, how your foes rear their heads. With cunning they conspire against your people; they plot against those you cherish. “Come,” they say, “let us destroy them as a nation, so that Israel’s name is remembered no more.” With one mind they plot together; they form an alliance against you— the tents of Edom and the Ishmaelites, of Moab and the Hagrites, Byblos, Ammon and Amalek, Philistia, with the people of Tyre. Even Assyria has joined them to reinforce Lot’s descendants.
|The dragon stood on the shore of the sea. And I saw a beast coming out of the sea.||The dragon = Satan (Rev 12:9 & 20:2)
This beast rose out of the SEA – out of the nations (Rev 17:15)
|It had ten horns and seven heads, with ten crowns on its horns, and on each head a blasphemous name. The beast I saw resembled a leopard, but had feet like those of a bear and a mouth like that of a lion.||A conglomerate beast with the elements of all the beasts of Daniel 7 but now with 7 heads and 10 crowned horns – symbol of the Kingdoms of Men who have come against God’s witnesses – the Jews – further explained in Revelation 17 – See –
10 CROWNED horns – The days of the 10 toe kings – The Arab nations given land by the partitioning of the Ottoman Empire at end of 1st WW – a ‘beast’ created by many nations of ‘the sea’. It consisted of the area of 7 and10. Israel was the land built on 7 nations (Deut 7:1) when they entered the land they were told to occupy an area which did not extend to the Euphrates (Num. 34:2-12). The Promised land from Euphrates to Nile was a land of 10 nations
You will be the father of many nations. 5No longer will you be called Abramb ; your name will be Abraham,c for I have made you a father of many nations. Gen 17:4 (This included descendants of Ishmael and Esau)
“To your descendants I give this land, from the Wadi of Egypt to the great river, the Euphrates— the land of the Kenites, Kenizzites, Kadmonites, Hittites, Perizzites, Rephaites, Amorites, Canaanites, Girgashites and Jebusites.” Gen. 15:18
– The land of 7 &10 nations (count the number of the beast)
Note: The promise of redemption was through one descendant – Jesus – Gal 3:16
|The dragon/satan gave the beast his power and his THRONE and great authority.
Pergamum temple of Zeus reconstructed in Germany
|Satan morphs through the Bible. Rev 2:13 tells us the throne of Satan had been in Pergamum – “I know where you live—where Satan has his THRONE.” It was equated with the temple of Zeus
The temple of Zeus was taken from Pergamum and reconstructed in Germany at the end of the 19th Century. It was the inspiration for Hitler’s podium Zeppelinfeld (see Nazi party rally grounds – Wiki- It was one of Albert Speer‘s first works for the Nazi party and was based upon the Pergamon Altar.)
The deceptive spirit of ‘Satan’, once in Pergamum persecuting God’s witness Antipas, was now in Nazi Germany persecuting God’s witnesses the Jews.
|3One of the heads of the beast seemed to have had a fatal wound, but the fatal wound had been healed. The whole world was filled with wonder and followed the beast. 4People worshiped the dragon because he had given authority to the beast, and they also worshiped the beast and asked, “Who is like the beast? Who can wage war against it?”||This is the overview of the beast which is the 7th head.
The Nazi ‘beast’ seemed to be fatally wounded after WW11. It was the spirit of Anti-Semitism. This spirit has made a disturbing comeback amongst Islamic extremists.
It was Anti-Semitism which united Nazi Germany and Muslims near the end of WW11. Hitler’s Waffen-SS 13th division was largely Muslim – seen here at prayer during their training at Neuhammer in November 1943
The spirit of Nazi Germany to exterminate Jews is rekindled by the spirit of radical Islam. Thus the wounded head revived in a new guise.
|5The beast was given a mouth to utter proud words and blasphemies and to exercise its authority for forty-two months.||The German beast unleashed it’s ‘final solution’ on the Jews for a literal 42 months –
Throughout the Bible literal periods happen first as a pointer to the ‘type’ or representative periods which follow. The 42 month witness of ‘The Beast’ is the antitype of the 42 month witness of ‘The Lamb’. Hitler tried for 42 months to exterminate the Jews, this work will be continued by the final beast.
Hitler and the Grand Mufti of Jerusalem1941 – the same aim -eradicate the Jews.
|6It opened its mouth to blaspheme God, and to slander his name and his dwelling place and those who live in heaven. 7It was given power to wage war against God’s holy people and to conquer them. And it was given authority over (among) every tribe, people, language and nation. 8All inhabitants of the earth will worship the beast—all whose names have not been written in the Lamb’s book of life, the Lamb who was slain from the creation of the world.b Whoever has ears, let them hear.||Hitler killed 6,000,000 Jews – God’s holy people – His witnesses. He was the power who received the fatal wound, yet a new head rises with the same ideals. The head with the ‘healed fatal wound’ embracing the ideals of Hitler to exterminate the Jews, is extreme Islam.|
|10“If anyone is to go into captivity,
into captivity they will go.
If anyone is to be killedc with the sword,
with the sword they will be killed.”d
This calls for patient endurance and faithfulness on the part of God’s people.
|“Into captivity” – a reference to Jerusalem going into captivity a final time before Jesus returns. The quotes below refer to this and are generally poorly translated –
Luke 21:24 They will fall by the edge of the sword and be led captive among all nations, be captive to the nations
Zech 14:2 Half of the city will go into exile, go into captivity but the rest of the people will not be taken from the city.
|Then I saw a second beast, coming out of the earth. It had two horns like a lamb, but it spoke like a dragon.||2nd Beast – Islam – comes out of the earth – originates in the Promised Land
2 horns – Shia and Sunnies
‘Spoke like a dragon’ – Dragon is satan the deceiver as v14 says ‘it deceived the inhabitants of the earth’
|It exercised all the authority of the first beast in its presence, and made the earth and its inhabitants worship the first beast, whose fatal wound had been healed.||Nazi Anti-Semitism received a fatal wound at the end of WW 11. Islam extremists have revived the spirit of Anti-Semitism|
|And it performed great signs, even causing fire to come down from heaven to the earth in full view of the people. 14Because of the signs it was given power to perform on behalf of the first beast, it deceived the inhabitants of the earth.||The 2 witnesses (Israel) of chapter 11 also bring fire from heaven (God empowers them though they are in disbelief at present). Elijah also brought fire from heaven -signs are either real or fake – a real sign and wonder from God – or a pretend sign and wonder
Radical Islam claims to have the backing of Allah
2 Thes 2:9 The coming of the lawless one will be in accordance with how Satan works. He will use all sorts of displays of power through signs and wonders that serve the lie.
Radical Islam claim to have ‘fire from heaven’ – they have called for a ‘Holy War’ in fulfilment of Joel 3:9
Proclaim this among the nations: “Prepare for a holy war! (sanctify war) Call out the warriors! Joel 3:9 NET Bible
|It ordered them to set up an image in honour of the beast who was wounded by the sword and yet lived. 15The second beast was given power to give breath to the image of the first beast, so that the image could speak and cause all who refused to worship the image to be slain.||WORSHIP OR BE KILLED
Copying the language of the image of Babylon– “Whoever does not fall down and worship will immediately be thrown into a blazing furnace.” Dan 3:6 –
All German citizens had to salute Hitler by law
In a similar manner of ‘Worship or Be Killed’ – extreme Islamists believe those who refuse to convert to Islam should be killed.
|It also forced all people, great and small, rich and poor, free and slave, to receive a mark on their right hands or on their foreheads, 17so that they could not buy or sell unless they had the mark, which is the name of the beast or the number of its name.||We have the ‘mark of the beast’ or the mark of ‘The Lamb’. We belong to the Kingdom of Men or the Kingdom of Heaven – we worship God or man|
|This calls for wisdom. Let the person who has insight calculate the number of the beast, for it is the number of a man. That number is 666.||The number of humanity – See – 666 – Counting the Number of the Beast|
.REVELATION 14 – THE 144,000
This chapter opens with the Lamb on Mt Zion (Jesus). He is still surrounded by the four living creatures and 24 elders of chapter 4 so it’s still a ‘type’ of the tabernacle. With him are 144,000 without fault – redeemed and ‘firstfruits’. These 144,000 are without fault and virgins for they have been covered in white robes of righteous by Jesus and all their past is swept away. They are added to the tabernacle ‘type’ by belonging to the 12 tribes of Israel.
|Time of Events||REVELATION 14|
|The 144,000– the firstfruits – the dead in Christ who rise first ?||Then I looked, and behold, a Lamb standing on Mount Zion, and with Him one hundred and forty-four thousand, having His Father’s name written on their foreheads. 2 And I heard a voice from heaven, like the voice of many waters, and like the voice of loud thunder. And I heard the sound of harpists playing their harps. 3 They sang as it were a new song before the throne, before the four living creatures, and the elders; and no one could learn that song except the hundred and forty-four thousand who were redeemed from the earth. 4 These are the ones who were not defiled with women, for they are virgins. These are the ones who follow the Lamb wherever He goes. These were redeemed from among men, being firstfruits to God and to the Lamb. 5 And in their mouth was found no deceit,for they are without fault before the throne of God.||The 144,000 have the name of God on their forehead… a contrast to having the mark of the beast on forehead in previous chapter|
|The hour of judgement – messengers of church still preaching||6 Then I saw another angel flying in the midst of heaven, having the everlasting gospel to preach to those who dwell on the earth—to every nation, tribe, tongue, and people— 7 saying with a loud voice, “Fear God and give glory to Him, for the hour of His judgment has come; and worship Him who made heaven and earth, the sea and springs of water.”
|Mark 16:15 “Go into all the world and preach the gospel to all creation.|
|Messengers of church proclaim the fall of Babylon and explain her collapse||And another angel followed, saying, “Babylon is fallen, is fallen, that great city, because she has made all nations drink of the wine of the wrath of her fornication.”|
|Messengers of church warn of worshipping the beast||Then a third angel followed them, saying with a loud voice, “If anyone worships the beast and his image, and receives his mark on his forehead or on his hand, 10 he himself shall also drink of the wine of the wrath of God, which is poured out full strength into the cup of His indignation. He shall be tormented with fire and brimstone in the presence of the holy angels and in the presence of the Lamb. 11 And the smoke of their torment ascends forever and ever; and they have no rest day or night, who worship the beast and his image, and whoever receives the mark of his name.”||The illusion here is to the image set up in the plain of Dura… It’s dimensions were 60 x 6 – people worshipped it
Revelation increases the image emphasis to
600, 60, 6
|Then I heard a voice from heaven saying to me, “Write: ‘Blessed are the dead who die in the Lord from now on.’”|
|A messenger from the temple (church) proclaims it’s time to harvest the earth||Then I looked, and behold, a white cloud, and on the cloud sat One like the Son of Man, having on His head a golden crown, and in His hand a sharp sickle. 15 And another angel came out of the temple, crying with a loud voice to Him who sat on the cloud, “Thrust in Your sickle and reap, for the time has come for You to reap, for the harvest of the earth is ripe.” 16 So He who sat on the cloud thrust in His sickle on the earth, and the earth was reaped.||An echo here of Daniel reminding God that the time was up – Dan 9:2 I, Daniel, understood by the books the number of the years specified by the word of the Lord through Jeremiah the prophet, that He would accomplish seventy years in the desolations of Jerusalem….v23 At the beginning of your supplications the command went out (thus prayer has an effect) Likewise we can understand from Daniel 12 that the time is almost up:|
|A messenger comes out from the altar – Perhaps Elijah figure with his power over fire – at this stage the dead in Christ are raised. The earth is harvested.||8 And another angel came out from the altar, who had power over fire, and he cried with a loud cry to him who had the sharp sickle, saying, “Thrust in your sharp sickle and gather the clusters of the vine of the earth, for her grapes are fully ripe.” 19 So the angel thrust his sickle into the earth and gathered the vine of the earth, and threw it into the great winepress of the wrath of God. 20 And the winepress was trampled outside the city, and blood came out of the winepress, up to the horses’ bridles, for one thousand six hundred furlongs.||Brings us to the time of the kingdom|
REVELATION 16 – the BOWLS
EARTHY PEOPLE JUDGED
The bowls are a reminder of Belshazzar’s feast where God was mocked by His holy vessels being used to worship the God’s of Babylon. The Kingdom of Babylon/Men is being judged. The bowls they have mocked God with are being used to pour judgement back onto them.
The plagues poured out of the 7 bowls copy the seven days of the earthly creation. They are days of judgement – of those caught up in the earthly Kingdom of men. The witness of God’s beautiful creation failed to impact on these people, they hardened their hearts against God, so God turns the things of creation back onto them as plagues which are similar to the plagues on Egypt. It is a time of last day witness before Jesus returns. It’s happening now.
There is also an allusion to Daniel with God’s wrath poured out of vials – picking up the “pouring out” language of Dan 9:27
“He will make a firm covenant with many for one week, but in the middle of the week he will put a stop to sacrifice and offering. (Death of Jesus followed by Jews expelled from Israel – gap in prophecy until the pouring out of God’s
Wrath begins) And the abomination of desolation will be on a wing of the temple until the decreed destruction is poured out on the desolator.”
In this chapter heaven, earth, sea, springs of water have symbolic meanings as well as literal.
Fear God and give glory to Him, for the hour of His judgment has come; and worship Him who made heaven and earth, the sea and springs of water.” Rev 14
EARTH = Corrupt man John 3:31
HEAVEN = Those who do the will of God John 3:31
SEA = Godless Nations Rev 17:15
SPRINGS OF WATER = Godly People John 4:14 “Whoever drinks the water I give them will never thirst. Indeed, the water I give them will become in them a spring of water welling up to eternal life.”
Revelation 16 – Judgement on ‘The Earth’
The 7 cups of God’s wrath are poured onto the earth. The word for earth here is “ge” –the equivalent of the Hebrew “eretz” in Old Testament (Compare Greek Septuagint with Hebrew) – the earth ‘ge’ often applies to “The Land” – The Land promised to Abraham between Nile and Euphrates. When the wider world is intended other Greek words like ‘cosmos’ or ‘oikoumene’ are often used. From the context, these judgments are in the area of Israel yet not on Israel – they are on her Arab neighbours and are a witness that Jesus is coming soon. In a similar manner the judgements before entry into the promised land were on Egypt and not on Israel dwelling in Goshen. While these judgements are happening on the Arabs, Israel has fire power to turn on them at will as per Revelation 11:5 “If anyone tries to harm them, fire comes from their mouths and devours their enemies.” Israel prophesies for 1260 days clothed in sackcloth while the judgements are poured on her neighbours.
These judgements are in the days of the “Ten Toe Kings” – the Arab nations occupying the Promised Land as per the 10 nations of Gen 15:18 -21 and Psalm 83 (10 Arab nations occupying same area – names change according to time in history) in the days when Jesus will return and set up God’s Kingdom – “In the time of those kings, the God of heaven will set up a kingdom that will never be destroyed” Dan 2:44
The dysfunction of the Arab nations to get along with each other was described by God as the inability of iron to mix with clay. “Just as you saw the iron mixed with baked clay, so the people will be a mixture and will not remain united, any more than iron mixes with clay.” Dan 2:43
|1Then I heard a loud voice from the temple saying to the seven angels, “Go, pour out the seven bowls of God’s wrath on the earth.”||EARTH – Symbol of corrupt man
John 3:31 The one who comes from above is above all; the one who is from the earth belongs to the earth, and speaks as one from the earth.
Heaven – place of the righteous: Earth and Sea are inhabited by the unrighteous:
Rev 12:12 Rejoice you heavens, and you that dwell in them. Woe to the inhabiters of the earth and of the sea! for the devil is come down to you
|The 7 cups of God’s wrath are poured onto Babylon – Symbol of Kingdoms of Men and sign to world to repent.
Similar in manner to plagues on Egypt – a last day witness
The plagues occur in the land of Ancient Babylon – modern day Iraq/Syria
|The first angel went and poured out his bowl on the land, and ugly, festering sores broke out on the people||SORES: symbol of spiritual illness
Is 1:5 Why do you persist in rebellion?Your whole head is injured,your whole heart afflicted.From the sole of your foot to the top of your head there is no soundness—only wounds and welts and open sores, not cleansed or bandaged or soothed with olive oil.
|Sores are both symbolic and literal ?
Compare to Rev 16:10 The fifth angel poured out his bowl on the throne of the beast, and its kingdom was plunged into darkness. People gnawed their tongues in agony 11and cursed the God of heaven because of their pains and their sores, but they refused to repent of what they had done.
The sores in v11 are referring back to the ones in verse 2…all the same thing and happening now !
|who had the mark of the beast and worshiped its image.||BEAST: “Count the number of the beast: for it is humanity’s number”
6 is the number of man (made on 6th day)
60 – 10 fold emphasis (dimensions of golden image 60 x6 Dan. 3:1 Nebuchadnezzar the king made an image of gold, the height of which was sixty cubits and its width six cubits; he set it up on the plain of Dura in the province of Babylon.)
600 – 100 fold (used for emphasis Luke 8:8)
600 60 6- The Kingdom of Man is at it’s maximum
|The ‘Kingdom of Men’ is being numbered – allusion to worshipping golden image in plain of Dura whose dimensions were 60 x 6|
|The second angel poured out his bowl on the sea, and it turned into blood like that of a dead person, and every living thing in the sea died.||SEA – people
Revelation 17:15 “The waters you saw, where the prostitute sits, are peoples, multitudes, nations and languages.
Jer 51:41 How desolate Babylon will be among the nations! The sea will rise over Babylon; its roaring waves will cover her.
|SEA (multitudes) filled with blood of dead people
“More than 76,000 people were killed in Syria‘s brutal civil conflict in 2014, making it the bloodiest year since the country’s war erupted almost four years ago, a monitoring group said Thursday.” Etc.
|The third angel poured out his bowl on the rivers and springs of water, and they became blood. 5Then I heard the angel in charge of the waters say:
“You are just in these judgments, O Holy One, you who are and who were; for they have shed the blood of your holy people and your prophets,
and you have given them blood to drink as they deserve.” And I heard the altar respond: “Yes, Lord God Almighty, true and just are your judgments.”
|Jer 51:35 May the violence done to our fleshf be on Babylon,” say the inhabitants of Zion. “May our blood be on those who live in Babylonia,” says Jerusalem.
Therefore this is what the Lord says:
“See, I will defend your cause and avenge you; I will dry up her sea and make her springs dry.
|Christians in Iraq killed or fled – they were the rivers and springs of water giving life – the land in spiritual darkness without them. Their blood spilled in the land.
Christians beheaded and crucified
|The fourth angel poured out his bowl on the sun, and the sun was allowed to scorch people with fire.9They were seared by the intense heat and they cursed the name of God, who had control over these plagues, but they refused to repent and glorify him.||Heat Wave in Iraq:|
|The fifth angel poured out his bowl on the throne of the beast, and its kingdom was plunged into darkness. People gnawed their tongues in agony 11and cursed the God of heaven because of their pains and their sores, but they refused to repent of what they had done.||The Beast is Babylon (symbol of Kingdoms of Men).
The throne of the Beast is the area of Iraq and Syria – the Old Kingdom of Babylon.
When the Kingdom is in darkness there are no righteous rulers – John 3:19 Men loved darkness rather than light, because their deeds were evil.
|Day turned to night as burning oil wells blocked the sun
|The sixth angel poured out his bowl on the great river Euphrates, and its water was dried up to prepare the way for the kings from the East.||The Euphrates – a symbol of the Assyrians
Is 8:7 the Lord is about to bring against them
the mighty floodwaters of the Euphrates—
the king of Assyria with all his pomp.
It will overflow all its channels,
run over all its banks
Jer 2:18 And why go to Assyria to drink water from the Euphrates?
|Old Promised Land Borders dry up because the Kingdom of God will fill the whole world – maybe the drying up of the euphrates means the border of the promised land will no longer be there… God’s kingdom will extend beyond the old borders and fill the whole earth. The rivers were the border between the Kingdoms of Men and the Kingdom of God (literal Israel)…
In Is. 8 the Euphrates was the symbol of the King of Assyria and his army. ISIS (latter day Assyrian back from the dead – mortal wound healed) has controlled the Euphrates valley – their power there is drying up – they could be the little horn of Daniel 7 who dominate 3 other Arab nations in the promised land. So far they have dominated Syria and Iraq – there is yet one more place they may arise to attack Israel (possibly Sinai/Jordan) as per Daniel 7:24-5 ” The ten horns are ten kings who will come from this kingdom. After them another king will arise, different from the earlier ones; he will subdue three kings. 25He will speak against the Most High and oppress his holy people and try to change the set times and the laws. The holy people will be delivered into his hands for a time, times and half a time.”
Literal: The Euphrates is drying up
|13Then I saw three impure spirits that looked like frogs; they came out of the mouth of the dragon, out of the mouth of the beast and out of the mouth of the false prophet.||The dragon and beast are 2 sides of same coin: Rev 13:2 The dragon gave the beast his power and his throne and great authority. 3One of the heads of the beast seemed to have had a fatal wound, but the fatal wound had been healed. The whole world was filled with wonder and followed the beast. 4People worshiped the dragon because he had given authority to the beast, and they also worshiped the beast and asked, “Who is like the beast? Who can wage war against it?”
DRAGON: The Deceiver: Rev 20:2 He seized the dragon, that ancient serpent, who is the devil, or Satan, and bound him for a thousand years.
BEAST: Kingdoms of Men – Composite of Land of 7 nations/kings in the days of the ten toe rulers (Arabs)
FALSE PROPHET: Muhammed
|FROGS: The plague of frogs in Egypt permeated every part of life.
Ex 8:3 I will send a plague of frogs on your whole country. 3The Nile will teem with frogs. They will come up into your palace and your bedroom and onto your bed, into the houses of your officials and on your people, and into your ovens and kneading troughs. 4The frogs will come up on you and your people and all your officials.’ ”
So too will the spirit of deception which the Dragon the Beast and the False prophet use to draw men to the battle of Armageddon.
|14They are demonic spirits that perform signs, and they go out to the kings of the whole world, to gather them for the battle on the great day of God Almighty.
15“Look, I come like a thief! Blessed is the one who stays awake and remains clothed, so as not to go naked and be shamefully exposed.”
16Then they gathered the kings together to the place that in Hebrew is called Armageddon.
|The signs that are performed may be a reference to the “miracles” in the Koran – which state
“We shall show them Our Signs in the Universe and within their own selves, until it becomes clear to them that this is the Truth.”Qur’an 41:53
“In those days and at that time, when I restore the fortunes of Judah and Jerusalem, I will gather all nations and bring them down to the Valley of Jehoshaphat. There I will put them on trial for what they did to my inheritance, my people Israel, because they scattered my people among the nations and divided up my land.
|The ‘Kingdoms of Men’ will gather at Armageddon and God will judge them.|
|The seventh angel poured out his bowl into the air, and out of the temple came a loud voice from the throne, saying, “It is done!” 18Then there came flashes of lightning, rumblings, peals of thunder and a severe earthquake. No earthquake like it has ever occurred since mankind has been on earth, so tremendous was the quake. 19The great city split into three parts, and the cities of the nations collapsed. God remembered Babylon the Great and gave her the cup filled with the wine of the fury of his wrath. 20Every island fled away and the mountains could not be found. 21From the sky huge hailstones, each weighing about a hundred pounds,a fell on people. And they cursed God on account of the plague of hail, because the plague was so terrible.||The great earthquake is linked to the return of Jesus – Zechariah 14:4|
The HARLOT, THE BEAST & BABYLON
These chapters concern the harlot who sits on seven hills, the beast she rides and Mystery Babylon.
BABYLON IS NOT CODE FOR ROME
A traditional view is that the seven hills and beast are Rome and the harlot is the Catholic
Church. This view has no basis in the Bible.
The idea that Babylon = Rome arose from Church Fathers such as Irenaeus who wanted to establish the supremacy of the Roman Catholic Church. They presented the interpretation that Peter’s greeting to the church in Babylon was really a code for Rome to protect Christians suffering persecution. The persecution of Christians at this time was sporadic and limited. There are no other examples of people or places resorting to code names. It seems a suggestion of the Orthodox Church only, to use as Biblical evidence that Peter was in Rome.
Claim of Irenaeus Concerning Roman Church
“It would be very tedious, in such a volume as this, to reckon up the successions of all the Churches, we do put to confusion all those who, in whatever manner, whether by an evil self-pleasing, by vainglory, or by blindness and perverse opinion, assemble in unauthorized meetings; [we do this, I say,] by indicating that tradition derived from the apostles, of the very great, the very ancient, and universally known Church founded and organized at Rome by the two most glorious apostles, Peter and Paul; as also [by pointing out] the faith preached to men, which comes down to our time by means of the successions of the bishops. For it is a matter of necessity that every Church should agree with this Church, on account of its preeminent authority, that is, the faithful everywhere, inasmuch as the tradition has been preserved continuously by those [faithful men] who exist everywhere.” (Irenaeus, Against Heresies, Book 3 Chapter 3 Section 2)
Rome is not built on seven literal hills – Vatican hill is not one of the seven – Paul did not establish the church there and there is no evidence that Peter ever went there. (For a fuller explanation see chapter one ‘Under the Banner of Love’ http://www.lulu.com/spotlight/alsowritten)
Sixty cities in the world claim to be built on seven hills because they want to be known as a great or complete city (refer to wiki ‘cities on seven hills’).
The answers for the identity of the harlot and the seven hills are within the Bible – once again God’s focus is on His special witnesses Israel. It is the nation of Israel who ‘played the harlot’ and focussed on commerce rather than God. The harlot who sits on many waters – meaning she has many lovers. Hosea 1:2 “Like an adulterous wife this land is guilty of unfaithfulness to the LORD.”
7 HEADS AND 10 HORNS
Israel – the land of 7 nations is described in 3 passages
|Deut 7:1 When the LORD your God brings you into the land you are entering to possess and drives out before you many nations–the Hittites, Girgashites, Amorites, Canaanites, Perizzites, Hivites and Jebusites, seven nations larger and stronger than you—||JOSH 3:10 This is how you will know that the living God is among you and that he will certainly drive out before you the Canaanites, Hittites, Hivites, Perizzites, Girgashites, Amorites and Jebusites.||ACTS 13:19 and he overthrew seven nations in Canaan, giving their land to his people as their inheritance|
Israel took the land of Canaan… the land of 7 nations, but Abraham was promised the area between the Nile and Euphrates – a land of 10 nations.
GEN 15:18 “To your descendants I give this land, from the Wadi[e] of Egypt to the great river, the Euphrates— 19 the land of the Kenites, Kenizzites, Kadmonites, 20 Hittites, Perizzites, Rephaites, 21 Amorites, Canaanites, Girgashites and Jebusites.”
This area includes the 10 nations surrounding Israel listed in Psalm 83 –
With one mind they plot together;
they form an alliance against you—
6 the tents of Edom and the Ishmaelites,
of Moab and the Hagrites,
7 Byblos, Ammon and Amalek,
Philistia, with the people of Tyre.
8 Even Assyria has joined them
to reinforce Lot’s descendants.[b]
This list is a focus on Abraham’s other relatives through Hagar, Ishmael, Lot and Esau – they also possessed the land promised to Abraham.
|Promise to Hagar – Gen 21:18 God heard the boy crying, and the angel of God called to Hagar from heaven and said to her, “What is the matter, Hagar? Do not be afraid; God has heard the boy crying as he lies there. 18 Lift the boy up and take him by the hand, for I will make him into a great nation.”||Promise to Lot – Deut 2:9 Then the Lord said to me, “Do not harass the Moabites or provoke them to war, for I will not give you any part of their land. I have given Ar to the descendants of Lot as a possession.”||Promise to Esau – Hebrews 11:20 “By faith Isaac blessed Jacob and Esau concerning things to come.”
Gen 27:39 “Your dwelling will be away from the earth’s richness,
This area of 7 nations and 10 nations, is the beast with 7 heads and 10 horns.
The River of Egypt was ruled by the Egyptians at the time of the promise to Abraham. The River Euphrates was ruled by Babylon. Jeremiah lists 10 nations beginning with Egypt and ending with Babylon which are doomed for destruction – SEE Chapters 46-50. Jeremiah 50 is quoted throughout Rev 18 and becomes the symbol for the destruction of the Kingdoms of Men.
This calls for a mind with wisdom: the seven heads are seven mountains on which the woman is seated; 10 they are also seven kings, five of whom have fallen, one is, the other has not yet come, and when he comes he must remain only a little while. Rev 17:9-10
7 KINGS (Kingdoms) – 5 in past, 1 at time of writing, 1 in future – who are they ?
|FIVE FALLEN||ONE IS||ONE NOT YET COME|
|Rome||There is a gap from the time of the Romans until the days of the ’10 toe kings’ of Dan. 2. Israel is captive to the God’s of the nations – wealth and trade. Israel is still not the light of the world bringing people to God, she is still in captivity even though in her own land.|
|Then one of the seven angels who had the seven bowls came and said to me, “Come, I will show you the judgment of the great harlot who is sits on many waters, 2 with whom the kings of the earth have committed fornication, and with the wine of whose fornication the dwellers on earth have become drunk.” 3 And he carried me away in the Spirit into a wilderness, and I saw a woman sitting on a scarlet beast which was full of blasphemous names, and it had seven heads and ten horns.||The great harlot here echoes Jer 51:13 (to Babylon) O thou that dwellest upon many waters, abundant in treasures, thine end is come, and the measure of thy covetousness.
“sits on many waters” means she trades amongst many nations
Corrupt Israel (harlot) in the land of Israel (7 heads) surrounded by 10 nations (10 horns)
|The woman was arrayed in purple and scarlet, and bedecked with gold and jewels and pearls, holding in her hand a golden cup full of abominations and the impurities of her fornication; 5 and on her forehead was written a name of mystery: “Babylon the great, mother of harlots and of earth’s abominations.” 6 And I saw the woman, drunk with the blood of the saints and the blood of the martyrs of Jesus.||
Not the literal Babylon but Corrupt Israel the Spiritual Babylon who kills the prophets
“Jerusalem, Jerusalem, you who kill the prophets and stone those sent to you” Matt 23:37
|When I saw her I marveled greatly. 7 But the angel said to me, “Why marvel? I will tell you the mystery of the woman, and of the beast with seven heads and ten horns that carries her. 8 The beast that you saw was, and is not, and is to ascend from the bottomless pit and go to perdition; and the dwellers on earth whose names have not been written in the book of life from the foundation of the world, will marvel to behold the beast, because it was and is not and is to come. 9 This calls for a mind with wisdom: the seven heads are seven mountains on which the woman is seated; 10 they are also seven kings, five of whom have fallen, one is, the other has not yet come, and when he comes he must remain only a little while.||7 mountains = land of 7 nations given to Israel – Deut 7:1, Acts 13:19
OF the Seven and goes to perdition –
7 KINGDOMS: Empires connected to Israel (the Harlot) and her enslavement to “Kingdoms of Men” – especially regarding false worship and love of wealth.
5 Fallen: Egypt, Assyria, Babylon, Medes/Persians, Greeks
One Is: Rome: see Dan 7:23 It will be different from all the other kingdoms and will devour the whole earth, trampling it down and crushing it. The ten horns are ten kings who will come from/after this kingdom.
THE GAP (time gap when Jews are not in land until the formation of the 10 toe kings)
One Yet to Be: who only lasts a little while – Hitler
|As for the beast that was and is not, it is an eighth but is OF the seven, and it goes to perdition.
12 And the ten horns that you saw are ten kings who have not yet received royal power, but they are to receive authority as kings for one hour, together with the beast. 13 These are of one mind
|10 horns = ‘Ten Toe’ Arab nations – of “one mind” against Israel in Psalm 83
Psalm 83:5they have taken counsel together with one consent: they have made a confederacy against thee; 6 even the tents of the Idumeans, and the Ismaelites; Moab, and the Agarenes; 7 Gebal, and Ammon, and Amalec; the Philistines also, with them that dwell at Tyre. 8 Yea, Assur too is come with them:…v 18 let them know that thy name is Lord; that thou alone art Most High over all the earth.”
|they are to receive authority as kings for one hour, together with the beast.13 These are of one mind and give over their power and authority to the beast; 14 they will make war on the Lamb, and the Lamb will conquer them, for he is Lord of lords and King of kings, and those with him are called and chosen and faithful.”||The 10 Arab nations give power to the beast – for one hour they will rule until they are defeated by the Lamb/Jesus who has the saints with Him.|
|And he said to me, “The waters that you saw, where the harlot is seated, are peoples and multitudes and nations and tongues. 16 And the ten horns that you saw, they and the beast will hate the harlot; they will make her desolate and naked, and devour her flesh and burn her up with fire, 17 for God has put it into their hearts to carry out his purpose by being of one mind and giving over their royal power to the beast, until the words of God shall be fulfilled.||The Arab nations driven by their ‘holy war’ attack Israel|
|18 And the woman that you saw is the great city which has dominion over the kings of the earth.”||Should read more literally– “And the woman you saw is the city great having kingship among the kings of the earth” – fuller explanation below|
RULING OTHER KINGDOMS?
“ And the woman that you saw is the great city which has dominion over the kings of the earth.” Rev 17:18
At face value verse 18 is puzzling. How does Israel or indeed any kingdom in the last days rule over the kings of the earth? Again we look at how accurate the translators were in this passage.
A more accurate translation is “And the woman you saw is the city great having kingship among the kings of the earth”. The word they translated as dominion means ‘kingship’. The Greek work epi they translated as ‘over’ means ‘on the basis of’ and can legitimately be translated as ‘among’ or ‘into’ – We can see the same word translated as ‘among’ and ‘into’ in Matt 13:7-8 KJV
And some fell among thorns; and the thorns sprung up, and choked them:
8 But other fell into good ground,
Thus “And the woman you saw is the great city having kingship among the kings of the earth” gives the sense of the passage. The context supports this. The harlot is part of the ‘Kingdoms of Men’ caught up in wealth rather than God. The harlot is caught up with the kings of the earth rather than being a nation literally ruling over them –
Rev 17:1-2 “Come, I will show you the judgment of the great harlot who is seated upon many waters, with whom the kings of the earth have committed fornication”
TO BE CONTINUED…
The SYMBOL OF WINGS
An understanding of the cherubim gives us a better understanding of the winged ‘living creatures’ we encounter in Revelation 4 and what the wings mean. Jewish commentaries such as those by Shem Tov note that the Jews believed that the cherubim on the ark were formed as male and female in the form of human beings with wings.
|THE ARK & CHERUBIM
|Ark contained the LAW||Adam & Eve (Symbol of man and woman) were first to break God’s law|
|The LAW was enclosed by the mercyseat||Mercyseat = Propitiation. Covering of skin in Eden & death of animal provided by God, pointed to Jesus sacrifice covering sin|
|Ex 37:7 And he made a mercy seat of pure gold; two cubits and a half was its length, and a cubit and a half its breadth. 7 And he made two cherubim of hammered gold; on the two ends of the mercy seat he made them, 8 one cherub on the one end, and one cherub on the other end; of one piece with the mercy seat he made the cherubim on its two ends. 9 The cherubim spread out their wings above, overshadowing the mercy seat with their wings, with their faces one to another; toward the mercy seat were the faces of the cherubim.||
Cherubim were a symbol of man and woman. They were made out of one piece along with the mercy seat. Adam and Eve were made out of one in the image of God, but they failed – they turned to each other and away from God.
The cherubim on the ark were a symbol of the second Adam (Jesus) and the ‘woman’ of the new covenant. Their wings kept safe the things of God. In Eden, Adam and Eve failed to keep safe the things of God. On the ark the cherub faced each other across the mercy seat of God. The covering blood of lamb/Jesus was between them. Their focus was on the things of God – their wings kept safe the things of God.
In a similar way the King of Tyre is described as a cherub in Eden giving covering.
Ezek 28:13 You were in Eden, the garden of God;…v14 “You were the anointed cherub who covers;
The cherubim’s wings were thus to keep safe the things of God and defend them
|Cherubim had wings of covering||WINGS- A SYMBOL OF COVERING/PROTECTION/DEFENSE
Ps 57:1 in the shadow of Your wings I will make my refuge
Ruth 2:12 “The LORD recompense thy work, and a full reward be given thee of the LORD God of Israel, under whose wings thou art come to trust.”
Psalm 5:11 But let all those that put their trust in thee rejoice: let them ever shout for joy, because you defend them: let them also that love thy name be joyful in thee.
|Cherubim in Eden – Gen 3:24 he placed at the east of the garden of Eden Cherubims (plural), and a flaming sword which turned every way, to keep the way of the tree of life.||The job of the Cherubim was to keep/protect the way of the tree of life.|
|God spoke from the place that was above the mercy seat but below the wings of the cherubim – but only when the blood was sprinkled there
Ex 25:22 And there I will meet with thee, and I will commune with thee from above the mercy seat, from between the two cherubims which are upon the ark of the testimony
|The mercy seat is a symbol of God’s dwelling place – it is the blood which was sprinkled on the mercy seat which is the symbol of Jesus – the place God spoke from.|
|God’s dwells with the 2 cherubim
Ps 80:1 Give ear, O Shepherd of Israel,
Thou that leadest Joseph like a flock;
Thou that dwellest (between) the cherubims, shine forth.
|The cherubim on the ark are not a symbol of angels – but of people
Heb 2:16 “For surely it is not with angels that he is concerned but with the descendants of Abraham.”
Just as the mercy seat and cherubim were all made of one piece of gold – so Jesus and his ‘bride’ will be one with God – John 17:11 Keep them in thy name, which thou hast given me, that they may be one, even as we are one.
|The ark with cherubim was a symbol of God’s dwelling with people and pointed to God dwelling with people through Christ.||The ultimate fulfilment will be when the earth is full of Godly people
Rev 21:3 “Behold, the dwelling of God is with men. He will dwell with them, and they shall be his people, and God himself will be with them
The cherubim on the ark are a symbol of man and woman. God meets with them their through the blood of Jesus. Above the mercy between the cherubim is the symbol of God’s dwelling place in heaven in Revelation.
“From the throne came flashes of lightning, rumblings and peals of thunder. In front of the throne, seven lamps were blazing.” Rev 4:5
Thou that leadest Joseph like a flock;
Thou that dwellest (between) the cherubims, shine forth. Psalm 80:1
God placed in Eden Cherubim to keep safe the way to the tree of life – perhaps they were the righteous people known as “the Sons of God” in Gen. 6:2
AT THE CROSS – God rode on a cherub
At the foot of the cross God was with the small group of women who gave comfort to His Son. God gives comfort through people. (For more about the women at the cross see ‘Under the Banner of Love – Mary Magdalene Author of the Fourth Gospel’ http://www.lulu.com/spotlight/alsowritten)
God flew on cherub’s wings
|Ps 18:10 He rode on a cherub, and flew;
He came swiftly upon the wings of the wind/(spirit)
|This is highly symbolic language – God doesn’t need a cherub to fly – yet He chooses to dwell with the righteous. This passage pointed to the hour of Jesus death when God was united with Mary and the Beloved Disciple in grief and comfort for Jesus.|
|Context in Psalm 18 (also see 2 Sam 22)
5 The cords of Sheol entangled me,
the snares of death confronted me.6 In my distress I called upon the Lord;
to my God I cried for help.
From his temple he heard my voice,
and my cry to him reached his ears.7 Then the earth reeled and rocked;
the foundations also of the mountains trembled
and quaked, because he was angry.
8 Smoke went up from his nostrils,
and devouring fire from his mouth;
glowing coals flamed forth from him.
9 He bowed the heavens, and came down;
thick darkness was under his feet.
10 He rode on a cherub, and flew;
he came swiftly upon the wings of the wind.
11 He made darkness his covering around him,
his canopy thick clouds dark with water.
12 Out of the brightness before him
there broke through his clouds
hailstones and coals of fire.
13 The Lord also thundered in the heavens,
and the Most High uttered his voice,
hailstones and coals of fire…16 He reached from on high, he took me,
he drew me out of many waters.
17 He delivered me from my strong enemy,
and from those who hated me;
for they were too mighty for me.
18 They came upon me in the day of my calamity; but the Lord was my stay.
19 He brought me forth into a broad place;
he delivered me, because he delighted in me.
|Crucifixion in Matthew
From the sixth hour there was darkness over all the land until the ninth hour. 46 And about the ninth hour Jesus cried with a loud voice, “Eli, Eli, la′ma sabach-tha′ni?” that is, “My God, my God, why hast thou forsaken me?” 47 And some of the bystanders hearing it said, “This man is calling Eli′jah.” 48 And one of them at once ran and took a sponge, filled it with vinegar, and put it on a reed, and gave it to him to drink. 49 But the others said, “Wait, let us see whether Eli′jah will come to save him.” 50 And Jesus cried again with a loud voice and yielded up his spirit.
51 And behold, the curtain of the temple was torn in two, from top to bottom; and the earth shook, and the rocks were split; 52 the tombs also were opened, and many bodies of the saints who had fallen asleep were raised, 53 and coming out of the tombs after his resurrection they went into the holy city and appeared to many. 54 When the centurion and those who were with him, keeping watch over Jesus, saw the earthquake and what took place, they were filled with awe, and said, “Truly this was the Son of God!”
MYSTERY BABYLON – Conglomerate of Kingdoms of Men
Revelation 18 concerns ‘Mystery Babylon’ and is a mosaic of quotes from the Old Testament. Almost every verse echoes through the tunnels of time and is reminiscent of the Kingdoms of Nimrod, Babel, Idolatrous Israel and the great trading nations of Tyre and Carthage (Tarshish).
Mystery Babylon is the Kingdoms of men which Israel the harlot gets caught up in, it doesn’t represent one entity – rather a conglomerate of different peoples all representing human rejection of God. Thus the cross references below are about Tyre, Babylon, Jerusalem and no doubt others.
|REVELATION 18||CROSS REFERENCES|
|After this I saw another angel coming down from heaven. He had great authority, and the earth was illuminated by his splendor. 2With a mighty voice he shouted:|
|‘Fallen! Fallen is Babylon the Great!’a||‘Babylon has fallen, has fallen! Is 21:9 (concerning Babylon)|
|She has become a dwelling for demons
and a haunt for every impure spirit,
a haunt for every unclean bird,
a haunt for every unclean and detestable animal.
|desert creatures will lie there,
jackals will fill her houses;
there the owls will dwell,
and there the wild goats will leap about.Is 13:21
desert creatures and hyenas will live there, and there the owl will dwell.
Jer 50:39 (concerning Babylon)
Hyenas will inhabit her strongholds,
jackals her luxurious palaces. Is 13:22 (concerning Babylon)
|3For all the nations have drunk
the maddening wine of her adulteries.
|Babylon was a gold cup in the Lord’s hand;
she made the whole earth drunk.
The nations drank her wine;
therefore they have now gone mad. Jer 51:7 (concerning Babylon)
|The kings of the earth committed adultery with her,and the merchants of the earth grew rich from her excessive luxuries.”||She will return to her lucrative prostitution and will ply her trade with all the kingdoms on the face of the earth. Is. 23:17 (concerning Tyre)|
|Then I heard another voice from heaven say:
“ ‘Come out of her, my people,’b
so that you will not share in her sins,
so that you will not receive any of her plagues;
|“Flee from Babylon! Run for your lives! Do not be destroyed because of her sins. It is time for the LORD’s vengeance; he will repay her what she deserves. Jer 51:6 (concerning Babylon)|
|for her sins are piled up to heaven,
and God has remembered her crimes.
6Give back to her as she has given;
pay her back double for what she has done.
Pour her a double portion from her own cup.
|Her judgment reaches to the skies, it rises as high as the heavens.’ Jer 51:9 (concerning Babylon)
I will repay them double for their wickedness and their sin, Jer 16:18 (concerning Jerusalem)
|Give her as much torment and grief
as the glory and luxury she gave herself.
In her heart she boasts,
‘I sit enthroned as queen.
I am not a widow;c
I will never mourn.’
|You said, ‘I am forever—
the eternal queen!’…
‘I am, and there is none besides me.
I will never be a widow
or suffer the loss of children.’ Is 47:7-8 (concerning Babylon)
|Therefore in one day her plagues will overtake her:
death, mourning and famine.
She will be consumed by fire,
for mighty is the Lord God who judges her.
|How much worse will it be when I send against Jerusalem my four dreadful judgments–sword and famine and wild beasts and plague–to kill its men and their animals! Ezek 14:21
|When the kings of the earth who committed adultery with her and shared her luxury see the smoke of her burning, they will weep and mourn over her. 10Terrified at her torment, they will stand far off and cry:
“ ‘Woe! Woe to you, great city,
you mighty city of Babylon!
In one hour your doom has come!’
|Both of these will overtake you in a moment, on a single day: loss of children and widowhood.
Is 47:9 (concerning Babylon)
|“The merchants of the earth will weep and mourn over her because no one buys their cargoes anymore— 12cargoes of gold, silver, precious stones and pearls; fine linen, purple, silk and scarlet cloth; every sort of citron wood, and articles of every kind made of ivory, costly wood, bronze, iron and marble; 13cargoes of cinnamon and spice, of incense, myrrh and frankincense, of wine and olive oil, of fine flour and wheat; cattle and sheep; horses and carriages; and human beings sold as slaves.||They will shave their heads because of you and will put on sackcloth. They will weep over you with anguish of soul and with bitter mourning.
Is 27:31 (concerning Tyre)
|“They will say, ‘The fruit you longed for is gone from you. All your luxury and splendor have vanished, never to be recovered.’ 15The merchants who sold these things and gained their wealth from her will stand far off, terrified at her torment. They will weep and mourn 16and cry out:
“ ‘Woe! Woe to you, great city,
dressed in fine linen, purple and scarlet,
and glittering with gold, precious stones and pearls!
17In one hour such great wealth has been brought to ruin!’
|You satisfied many nations;
with your great wealth and your wares
you enriched the kings of the earth.
34Now you are shattered by the sea
in the depths of the waters;
your wares and all your company
have gone down with you.
35All who live in the coastlands
are appalled at you;
their kings shudder with horror
and their faces are distorted with fear.
36The merchants among the nations hiss at you; you have come to a horrible end
and will be no more.’ ” Ezek 27:33-6 (concerning Tyre)
I clothed you with an embroidered dress and put sandals of fine leather on you. I dressed you in fine linen and covered you with costly garments. 11I adorned you with jewelry: I put bracelets on your arms and a necklace around your neck, 12and I put a ring on your nose, earrings on your ears and a beautiful crown on your head. 13So you were adorned with gold and silver; your clothes were of fine linen and costly fabric and embroidered cloth. Ezek 16:10-13
|“Every sea captain, and all who travel by ship, the sailors, and all who earn their living from the sea, will stand far off.18When they see the smoke of her burning, they will exclaim, ‘Was there ever a city like this great city?’
19They will throw dust on their heads, and with weeping and mourning cry out:
“ ‘Woe! Woe to you, great city,
where all who had ships on the sea
became rich through her wealth!
In one hour she has been brought to ruin!’
|The sea captians and all the sailors
will stand on the shore.
30They will raise their voice
and cry bitterly over you;
they will sprinkle dust on their heads
and roll in ashes.
31They will shave their heads because of you
and will put on sackcloth.
They will weep over you with anguish of soul
and with bitter mourning.
32As they wail and mourn over you,
they will take up a lament concerning you:
“Who was ever silenced like Tyre, Ezek 27
|“Rejoice over her, you heavens!
Rejoice, you people of God!
Rejoice, apostles and prophets!
For God has judged her
with the judgment she imposed on you.”
|Then a mighty angel picked up a boulder the size of a large millstone and threw it into the sea, and said:
“With such violence
the great city of Babylon will be thrown down,
never to be found again.
|When you finish reading this scroll, tie a stone to it and throw it into the Euphrates. 64Then say, ‘So will Babylon sink to rise no more because of the disaster I will bring on her Jer 51:63 (concerning Babylon)|
|The music of harpists and musicians, pipers and trumpeters,
will never be heard in you again.
No worker of any trade
will ever be found in you again.
The sound of a millstone
will never be heard in you again.
23The light of a lamp
will never shine in you again.
The voice of bridegroom and bride
will never be heard in you again.
Your merchants were the world’s important people.
By your magic spell all the nations were led astray.
|I will put an end to your noisy songs, and the music of your harps will be heard no more. Ezek 26:13 (concerning Tyre)|
|In her was found the blood of prophets and of God’s holy people,
of all who have been slaughtered on the earth.”
|“O Jerusalem, Jerusalem, the city that kills the prophets and stones those who are sent to it! Matt 23:37 (Concerning Jerusalem)
You took your sons and daughters whom you bore to me and sacrificed them as food to the idols Ezek 16:20 (concerning Israel)